Radio Frequency Identification History and Development

Radio Frequency Identification History and Development

Chin Boo Soon (The University of Auckland, New Zealand)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-298-5.ch001
OnDemand PDF Download:


This chapter describes the history and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). Key information on RFID such as the ratification of the RFID standards and important regulations on frequency usage is presented. As businesses move towards the convergence of information, RFID technology provides a step closer to the reality of connecting the real world and the digital world seamlessly. This is possible as RFID communication does not require the line of sight as barcodes do. Thus, is the continued existence of the barcodes technology under threat? Before RFID makes its way into the mainstream, there are teething issues to be sorted out. The immediate attention for a global uptake of RFID is the adoption of a frequency standard that is accepted internationally. This chapter provides an understanding of the RFID technology, its background and its origin.
Chapter Preview

History: The Development Of Rfid

Electromagnetic theory was developed in the 1800s. Michael Faraday discovered that light and radio waves are part of electromagnetic energy and James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated that electric and magnetic energy travel at the speed of light in transverse waves (Landt, 2001). The discovery led to consequential experiments. In 1896, Guglielmo Marconi successfully transmitted radio waves across the Atlantic (Landt, 2001). Marconi’s demonstration was followed by more innovations. In 1922, radar was developed. The transponder (or tag) and interrogator (or reader) were then bulky and heavy. Radar was extensively used by the Allies during World War II to identify friendly military aircraft. Radar was further developed into a commercial air traffic control system in the late 1950s following the invention of integrated circuits (IC), which greatly reduced the size of RFID components. The 1960s marked the start of RFID development as scientists and commercial businesses started to show interest in the technology. The first concept of RFID for commercial use was probably thought of by Mario Cardullo in 1969 when he worked with an IBM engineer on a car tracking system using barcodes for the railroad industry (Shepard, 2005).

Most RFID applications were identified in the 1970s. The use of RFID for EAS began in early 1970s (Bhuptani & Moradpour, 2005). EAS is a simple anti-theft measure for use in retail stores. It is the first and most widely used RFID application commercially (Landt, 2001). Further interest in the adoption of RFID extended to areas such as vehicle tracking, access control, animal tagging, and factory automation. The use of RFID cards for controlling access to office building by Westinghouse (Mullen & Moore, 2005) is an example of access control. Further development improved the reading speed and enabled a longer read range. The advanced RFID systems were utilised to identify railroad cars and track animals in the 1980s, and for electronic toll collection in the 1990s (Bhuptani & Moradpour, 2005).

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Olaf Diegel
Judith Symonds, John Ayoade, David Parry
Chapter 1
Chin Boo Soon
This chapter describes the history and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). Key information on RFID such as the ratification of the... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification History and Development
Chapter 2
John Garofalakis, Christos Mettouris
The continuous evolution of wireless technologies has made them ideal for use in many different applications, including user positioning. Until now... Sample PDF
Using Bluetooth for Indoor User Positioning and Informing
Chapter 3
John Ayoade, Judith Symonds
Standards organisations such as EPC Global work to provide global compatibility between RFID readers and tags (EPCGlobal, 2007). This is essential... Sample PDF
RFID for Identification of Stolen/Lost Items
Chapter 4
Filippo Gandino, Erwing Ricardo Sanchez, Bartolomeo Montrucchio, Maurizio Rebaudengo
This chapter deals with the use of RFID technology for improving management and security of agri-food products. In order to protect health and to... Sample PDF
RFID Technology for Agri-Food Tracability Management
Chapter 5
Lena Mamykina, Elizabeth Mynatt
In the last decade, novel sensing technologies enabled development of applications that help individuals with chronic diseases monitor their health... Sample PDF
Interpreting Health and Wellness Information
Chapter 6
Bryan Houliston
Hospitals are traditionally slow to adopt new information systems (IS). However, health care funders and regulators are demanding greater use of IS... Sample PDF
RFID in Hospitals and Factors Restricting Adoption
Chapter 7
David Parry, Judith Symonds
Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) offers a potentially flexible and low cost method of locating objects and tracking people within buildings.... Sample PDF
RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly
Chapter 8
Ashir Ahmed, Ly-Fie Sugianto
This chapter introduces an activity-based framework for the adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) in emergency management. The framework... Sample PDF
RFID in Emergency Management
Chapter 9
Bin Shen, Yu-Jin Zhang
This chapter is concerned with online object tracking, which aims to locate a given object in each of the consecutive frames. Many algorithms have... Sample PDF
Subsequence-Wise Approach for Online Tracking
Chapter 10
John Ayoade
The aim of Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC) is to provide both fixed-line and mobile telephony services to users through the same handset which could... Sample PDF
From Fixed to Mobile Convergence
Chapter 11
Sarita Pais, Judith Symonds
RFID tags can store more data and can update this data through local processing. This is in contrast to the EPC global standard of data-on-network.... Sample PDF
Handling RFID Data Using a Data-on-Tag Approach
Chapter 12
Maryam Purvis, Toktam Ebadi, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu
The objective of this research is to describe a mechanism to provide an improved library management system using RFID and agent technologies. One of... Sample PDF
An Agent-Based Library Management System Using RFID Technology
Chapter 13
Tommaso Di Noia, Eugenio Di Sciascio, Francesco Maria Donini, Michele Ruta, Floriano Scioscia, Eufemia Tinelli
We propose a novel object discovery framework integrating the application layer of Bluetooth and RFID standards. The approach is motivated and... Sample PDF
Semantic-Based Bluetooth-RFID Interaction for Advanced Resource Discovery in Pervasive Contexts
Chapter 14
Indranil Bose, Chun Wai Lam
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has generated vast amounts of interest in the supply chain, logistics, and the manufacturing area. RFID can be... Sample PDF
Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management
Chapter 15
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
The cost of health care continues to be a world wide issue. Research continues into ways and how the utilization of evolving technologies can be... Sample PDF
A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare
Chapter 16
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
When dealing with human lives, the need to utilize and apply the latest technology to help in saving and maintaining patients’ lives is quite... Sample PDF
Intelligent Agents Framework for RFID Hospitals
Chapter 17
David Wyld
We are in the midst of what may become one of the true technological transformations of our time. RFID (radio frequency identification) is by no... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology
About the Contributors