In this chapter, we discuss the life cycle theories related to the business. The concept of the life cycle has been widely used in marketing. The Product Life Cycle (PLC) is the most well-known one, in which the time is divided into four stages based on the change of sales. It is expanded by combining it with the study of the various consumer types. Other life cycles have been developed from the viewpoint of the innovation and manufacturing facility location. The advancement of technology is the driver for the diffusion of a new product. Sometimes it obsoletes a category of products. The location of manufacturing facilities changes according to the market and technology condition as Product Cycle Theory demonstrates. A concept of the industrial life cycle and a linkage between the life cycle and SCM also are argued in this chapter.