Enterprises aim to gain benefits and competitive advantages by creating and participating in cooperation networks. Long-term collaboration networks are also called breeding environments (Afsarmanesh & Camarinha- Matos, 2005) to describe the need for systematic development of collaboration preparedness. As there is a customer request, a short-term virtual organization (VO) is created to fulfil the task, which most often is a delivery of a product or a service to the customer (Karvonen, Jansson, Salkari, & Ollus, 2004; Kürümlüoglu, Nøstdal, & Karvonen, 2005).
Key Terms in this Chapter
Virtual Organization Breeding Environment: Represents an association or pool of organizations and their related supporting institutions that have both the potential and the will to cooperate with each other through the establishment of a “base” long-term cooperation agreement and interoperable infrastructure.” (Camarinha-Matos et al., 2005)
Virtual Organization (VO): “VO is a temporary consortium of partners from different organizations established to fulfil a value adding task, for example a product or service to a customer.” (Kürümlüoglu et al 2005)