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The Role of Individual Learner Differences and Success in the Online Learning Environments

Copyright © 2010. 11 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-830-7.ch006
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MLA

Colorado, Jozenia T. and Dusti Howell. "The Role of Individual Learner Differences and Success in the Online Learning Environments." Online Education and Adult Learning: New Frontiers for Teaching Practices. IGI Global, 2010. 69-79. Web. 21 Sep. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-830-7.ch006

APA

Colorado, J. T., & Howell, D. (2010). The Role of Individual Learner Differences and Success in the Online Learning Environments. In T. Kidd (Ed.), Online Education and Adult Learning: New Frontiers for Teaching Practices (pp. 69-79). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-830-7.ch006

Chicago

Colorado, Jozenia T. and Dusti Howell. "The Role of Individual Learner Differences and Success in the Online Learning Environments." In Online Education and Adult Learning: New Frontiers for Teaching Practices, ed. Terry T. Kidd, 69-79 (2010), accessed September 21, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-830-7.ch006

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Abstract

“Education over the Internet will be the next big killer application,” says John Chambers, President and CEO of Cisco Systems. He also states that online learning will be much bigger than the last killer application of the Internet — e-mail (Friedman, 1999). The recent surge in online learning has opened up the eyes of many educators to the growing possibilities of online learning and teaching. As these online offerings continue to grow, the educational impact will have far reaching implications for schools, teachers and students. In order to better understand the effectiveness of the online environment as an instructional delivery medium, research needs to be conducted focusing on factors that contribute to the effectiveness of the learning environment. In particular, individual learner differences are an important variable when evaluating online learning success. This chapter will discuss various individual learner differences and how they relate to student success in the online learning environment.
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Introduction

The popularity of the online learning format is prompting many educational institutions to make decisions about the future of online learning at their institution including, increasing the number of classes offered online, replacing classes offered in traditional formats with online classes, and allocating resources for supporting the course delivery medium. These institutions are not limited to higher education institutions. According to Gallagher (2004), nearly 300,000 high school students attended online classes during the 2002-2003 academic year.

The list of online learning possibilities continues to grow from virtual high school classes and fully accredited graduate degrees to certification programs and faculty development in-services. As these online offerings continue to grow, the educational impact will have far reaching implications for schools, teachers and students. Students will have access to schools anywhere in the world. Just having a program that allows students the opportunity to learn anytime, anywhere, will not be enough. Schools that allow students the opportunity to learn in ways they prefer will have a remarkable advantage. Catering to individual differences, these schools will allow students to learn via methods and formats that fit their learning styles. In turn, these students will have more positive learning experiences that will facilitate the life long learning desires that they will need in order to succeed in the third millennium.

According to Wood (2005), students who succeed in traditional settings may not do well in online courses. Carr (2000) states that distance education courses tend to have higher dropout rates than traditional courses. In a study at a small liberal arts college, Lynch (2001) reported dropout rates from Internet courses to be 35-50% while traditional courses were at 14%. This could be attributed to student motivation, learning style, or any number of individual learner characteristics and differences. Evaluating learner differences of online students and how these differences affect one’s academic performance is one way to understand the student’s role in evaluating the effectiveness of the online learning environment.

This chapter will discuss various individual learner differences and how they relate to student success in the online learning environment. Included in this chapter will be a review of learning styles and self-regulated learning characteristics. A discussion will describe the development of an online course to address learning styles. A study will also describe how self-regulated learning characteristics compare to academic performance of graduate students in an online course.

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Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Carolyn Ashe
Preface
Terry T. Kidd
Chapter 1
Judith Parker
While the online adult learners are growing in numbers, the diversity in what motivates them and what they expect from an online course has grown as... Sample PDF
The Online Adult Learner: Profiles and Practices
$37.50
Chapter 2
Kathryn Dixon, Robert Dixon
A longitudinal study of students in the Training and Development program at Curtin University of Technology has been undertaken in an attempt to... Sample PDF
Online Pedagogical Effectiveness in Adult Contexts
$37.50
Chapter 3
Lawrence A. Tomei
The escalating infusion of online education to promote lifelong learning has triggered a re-examination of teaching and learning not witnessed since... Sample PDF
A Theoretical Model for Designing Online Education in Support of Lifelong Learning
$37.50
Chapter 4
Terry T. Kidd
The purpose of this chapter is to explore prior research associated with the history of eLearning. While issues related to the eLearning, technology... Sample PDF
A Brief History of eLearning
$37.50
Chapter 5
Patsy D. Moskal, Charles Dziuban, Joel Hartman
The authors describe the distributed learning program (Online@UCF) at the University of Central Florida (UCF) that serves a number of adult... Sample PDF
Online Learning: A Transforming Educational Environment for Adults in Higher Education
$37.50
Chapter 6
Jozenia T. Colorado, Dusti Howell
“Education over the Internet will be the next big killer application,” says John Chambers, President and CEO of Cisco Systems. He also states that... Sample PDF
The Role of Individual Learner Differences and Success in the Online Learning Environments
$37.50
Chapter 7
Patricia Sendall, Raymond J. Shaw, Kim Round, Jane T. Larkin
The purpose of this chapter is: (1) to examine the interrelationship between andragogy and online learning; (2) to uncover the hidden challenges to... Sample PDF
Fear Factors: Hidden Challenges to Online Learning for Adults
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Chapter 8
David Lewis, Edward Chen
The Internet became available to the general public in the mid 1990’s. At that time, a few institutions starting using the net as a vehicle for... Sample PDF
Factors Leading to a Quality E-Learning Experience
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Chapter 9
Terry A. Morris
Even with the convenience of anytime/anywhere online learning, adult learners still encounter barriers and challenges. This chapter explores the... Sample PDF
Anytime/Anywhere Online Learning: Does It Remove Barriers for Adult Learners?
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Chapter 10
Patrick R. Lowenthal
The theory of social presence is perhaps the most popular construct used to describe and understand how people socially interact in online learning... Sample PDF
The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning
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Chapter 11
Flávia Amaral Rezende
The rapid dissemination and integration of the World Wide Web (also known as Internet), and its related technologies, has resulted in major growth... Sample PDF
Pedagogical Mediator as the Strategic Competence at University Professors Building in Constructionist Online Environment
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Chapter 12
Nishikant Sonwalkar
This chapter starts with the metaphor of educational slavery to indicate conventional mode of teaching practiced in the class room with a... Sample PDF
The Paradigm Shift for Adult Education: From Educational Slavery to Learning Freedom of Human Brain with Synaptic Learning
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Chapter 13
J.O. Osiki
Fundamental in today’s Distance Higher education (DHE) in the African sub-regions, is how to continue to harness the dividends inherent in the... Sample PDF
Empowering the Culture of Quality Research within Ethical Standards in Distance Education
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Chapter 14
Niki Phillips, Marianthi Karatza, Argiris Tzikopoulos
The rapid pace of social change deriving from technological and financial revolution and globalization, effects greatly people’s lives. Adults... Sample PDF
Developing Social Skills through an On-line Learning Environment: A Qualitative Study
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Chapter 15
Patrick R. Lowenthal, Nancy L. Leech
As online education continues to grow, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the nuances of online learning. However, to date... Sample PDF
Mixed Research and Online Learning: Strategies for Improvement
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Chapter 16
Muhammet Demirbilek
Digital games are a strong motivating and engaging factor in adult learning. When students are engaged in the learning process, they learn and... Sample PDF
Digital Games for Online Adult Education: Trends and Issues
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Chapter 17
Jeffrey Hsu, Karin Hamilton
Adult learner students are becoming a key segment of the undergraduate college market; however, adults have a different set of needs, orientations... Sample PDF
Applying Distance Learning and Structural/Pedagogical Methods to an Adult Learner Program: The Case of Global Business Management
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Chapter 18
Claremarie Verheyen, Youmei Liu
This chapter will explain how we have integrated the Course Management System-WebCT into the teaching of Costume History at the University of... Sample PDF
A Costume Odyssey a.k.a. Teaching Costume History in a 21st Century Classroom
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Chapter 19
Shahron Williams van Rooij
This chapter reports the results of a case study in which the final project outcomes of small virtual instructional design teams using Project... Sample PDF
Project Management for Project-Based Learning: A Case Study of Course Projects with Small Virtual Instructional Design Teams
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Chapter 20
Vicky Gilpin
This study examines the perspectives of adult learners in an online Educational Leadership doctoral program. A qualitative survey research... Sample PDF
Perspectives of Online Doctoral Students in Educational Leadership
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Chapter 21
Royce Ann Collins, Jeff Zacharakis
In the present consumer educational market, educational institutions are rapidly incorporating more online opportunities. The various issues that... Sample PDF
Impact of E-Learning on Adult Education: A Changing Postmodern Approach
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Chapter 22
Xenia Coulter, Alan Mandell
The adult college student, caught between the competing demands of work and home, has recently become a valuable commodity in today’s fast-changing... Sample PDF
Nontraditional Students and Information Technology: The Siren Call of the Virtual Classroom and its Impact on Progressive Educational Ideals
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