Security Implications for Management from the Onset of Information Terrorism

Security Implications for Management from the Onset of Information Terrorism

Ken Webb (Webb Knowledge Services, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-326-5.ch005
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Abstract

This chapter results from a qualitative research study finding that a heightened risk for management has emerged from a new security environment that is increasingly spawning asymmetric forms of Information Warfare. In particular, there is evidence that after recent terrorist events there has been a lift in security across the world and identification of terrorists now able to conduct Information Warfare. Also concerning is that, over the years, there have been many interpretations of what constitutes this threat. Therefore, after extensively reviewing literature mainly on Information Warfare and Terrorism, this chapter defines for readers what the threat of Information Terrorism is and the new dynamic security environment that it has created. Security implications for management have subsequently evolved, as they are now required to think about the philosophical considerations emerging from this increasing threat, and these are outlined and form the basis for future thinking.
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Introduction

The objective of this chapter, so appropriate guidance for future thinking occurs, is to inform readers about Information Terrorism and the adjudged security implications for management from its onset. This occurs by:

  • 1.

    Defining the Information Terrorism threat;

  • 2.

    Describing the new security environment and the sub-environments forming it; and

  • 3.

    Providing a high-level discussion from an information security perspective of the emergent philosophical considerations for management generally.

This is needed because a new set of security dynamics that influence the decision-making process faces society today. For example, at the strategic level, gone is the 20th Century security paradigm that helped form geographically based continental strategy. The traditional international system that links sovereignty to Westphalian-style territorial nation states is under pressure from the new age of globalisation and the ‘information revolution’ (Evans, 2003).

Some argue that the major strategic change required now is a transition away from a dominant state-centric structure towards that marked by a greater number of non-, sub- and trans-state actors. This influence has devolved down to all levels of society (Hall, 2003).

More specifically, Colarik (2006) confirms that being in this information-dependent age has increased the frequency and potential magnitude of Information Warfare. This is because parties that normally rely upon physical violence, irrespective of their disposition, are now more able to conduct information operations in a myriad of forms. The relative unknown knowledge of this aspect and current perpetrators, alongwith the complexity of information and communications in the global environment, provides a real problem for management.

Also worth considering is that many forms of critical infrastructure assets for society are now information dependent and non-physical. They are invisible to the untrained observer, or difficult to define or harness. Complicating this is that, due to their diversity and complexity, stakeholders throughout the world have not universally accepted a standard definition of critical information infrastructures, let alone standardising the protection of them. This has contributed to government authorities and academia making many attempts to define critical information infrastructures and introducing such issues as technology leadership, quality of service, network centric operations, privacy and other emerging considerations (Barker et al, 2006).

Furthermore, Barker et al (2006) explain that to date there are no consistent approaches to the forms of reporting and/or evaluation of critical information infrastructures. It means different things to different people, and this perspective issue is part of the described problem.

These observations imply that Information Warfare is now intangible by nature. It impedes the general ability for traditional parties to understand and manage it, as contemporary forces of influence not necessarily contingent on traditional thinking now exist. This means that a clearer understanding for management of the implications from this onset of Information Warfare and the conduct of it by terrorist groups, thus Information Terrorism, is required. Managers dealing with this need to now take a much more expansive and philosophical approach, as there is a range of new environments reflecting these dynamics that are contributing to a new security atmosphere.

Worth considering as part of the managerial approach for dealing with the new security environment, as it applies to Information Terrorism, are three relevant and deep philosophical considerations that congruously interrelate and influence each other. These, as explained later in the chapter, are:

  • Change in the direction of thinking,

  • Culture, and

  • Group dynamics.

They have emerged from the changed Information Warfare environment and form the basis of the implications for management.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Merrill Warkentin
Preface
Kenneth J. Knapp
Acknowledgment
Kenneth J. Knapp
Chapter 1
Jaziar Radianti, Jose J. Gonzalez
This chapter discusses the possible growth of black markets (BMs) for software vulnerabilities and factors affecting their spread. It is difficult... Sample PDF
Dynamic Modeling of the Cyber Security Threat Problem: The Black Market for Vulnerabilities
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Chapter 2
Somak Bhattacharya, Samresh Malhotra, S. K. Ghosh
As networks continue to grow in size and complexity, automatic assessment of the security vulnerability becomes increasingly important. The typical... Sample PDF
An Attack Graph Based Approach for Threat Identification of an Enterprise Network
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Chapter 3
Robert F. Mills, Gilbert L. Peterson, Michael R. Grimaila
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the insider threat and discuss methods for preventing, detecting, and responding to the threat. Trusted... Sample PDF
Insider Threat Prevention, Detection and Mitigation
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Chapter 4
Richard T. Gordon, Allison S. Gehrke
This chapter describes a methodology for assessing security infrastructure effectiveness utilizing formal mathematical models. The goal of this... Sample PDF
An Autocorrelation Methodology for the Assessment of Security Assurance
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Chapter 5
Ken Webb
This chapter results from a qualitative research study finding that a heightened risk for management has emerged from a new security environment... Sample PDF
Security Implications for Management from the Onset of Information Terrorism
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Chapter 6
Yves Barlette, Vladislav V. Fomin
This chapter introduces major information security management methods and standards, and particularly ISO/IEC 27001 and 27002 standards. A... Sample PDF
The Adoption of Information Security Management Standards: A Literature Review
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Chapter 7
Peter R. Marksteiner
Information overload is an increasingly familiar phenomenon, but evolving United States military doctrine provides a new analytical approach and a... Sample PDF
Data Smog, Techno Creep and the Hobbling of the Cognitive Dimension
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Chapter 8
John W. Bagby
The public expects that technologies used in electronic commerce and government will enhance security while preserving privacy. These expectations... Sample PDF
Balancing the Public Policy Drivers in the Tension between Privacy and Security
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Chapter 9
Indira R. Guzman, Kathryn Stam, Shaveta Hans, Carole Angolano
The goal of our study is to contribute to a better understanding of role conflict, skill expectations, and the value of information technology (IT)... Sample PDF
Human Factors in Security: The Role of Information Security Professionals within Organizations
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Chapter 10
Nikolaos Bekatoros HN, Jack L. Koons III, Mark E. Nissen
The US Government is moving apace to develop doctrines and capabilities that will allow the Department of Defense (DoD) to exploit Cyberspace for... Sample PDF
Diagnosing Misfits, Inducing Requirements, and Delineating Transformations within Computer Network Operations Organizations
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Chapter 11
Rodger Jamieson, Stephen Smith, Greg Stephens, Donald Winchester
This chapter outlines components of a strategy for government and a conceptual identity fraud enterprise management framework for organizations to... Sample PDF
An Approach to Managing Identity Fraud
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Chapter 12
Alanah Davis, Gert-Jan de Vreede, Leah R. Pietron
This chapter presents a repeatable collaboration process as an approach for developing a comprehensive Incident Response Plan for an organization or... Sample PDF
A Repeatable Collaboration Process for Incident Response Planning
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Chapter 13
Dean A. Jones, Linda K Nozick, Mark A. Turnquist, William J. Sawaya
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Pandemic Influenza, Worker Absenteeism and Impacts on Critical Infrastructures: Freight Transportation as an Illustration
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Chapter 14
Preeti Singh, Pranav Singh, Insu Park, JinKyu Lee
We live in a digital era where the global community relies on Information Systems to conduct all kinds of operations, including averting or... Sample PDF
Information Sharing: A Study of Information Attributes and their Relative Significance During Catastrophic Events
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Chapter 15
Gregory B. White, Mark L. Huson
The protection of cyberspace is essential to ensure that the critical infrastructures a nation relies on are not corrupted or disrupted. Government... Sample PDF
An Overview of the Community Cyber Security Maturity Model
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Chapter 16
Doug White, Alan Rea
In this chapter the authors present essential server security components and develop a set of logical steps to build hardened servers. The authors... Sample PDF
Server Hardening Model Development: A Methodology-Based Approach to Increased System Security
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Chapter 17
Jeff Teo
Computer attacks of all sorts are commonplace in today’s interconnected, globalized society. A computer worm, written and released in one part of... Sample PDF
Trusted Computing: Evolution and Direction
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Chapter 18
Miguel Jose Hernandez y Lopez, Carlos Francisco Lerma Resendez
This chapter discusses the basic aspects of Honeypots, how they are implemented in modern computer networks, as well as their practical uses and... Sample PDF
Introduction, Classification and Implementation of Honeypots
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