Self-Disclosure in Online Counselling

Self-Disclosure in Online Counselling

Mary O. Esere (University of Ilorin, Nigeria), Joshua A. Omotosho (University of Ilorin, Nigeria) and Adeyemi I. Idowu (University of Ilorin, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-204-4.ch013
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Online counselling has been described as an emerging trend and an anytime, anyplace activity that is supported by portable technology. Time constraints and geographical barriers are removed with online counselling. Counselling involves a series of skills and strategies along with a therapeutic approach. Self-disclosure is sometimes used in order to help build and deepen the therapeutic relationship. This chapter focuses on self-disclosure as a useful strategy for sharing information with others in a Web mediated context. In many counselling situations, considerable benefit may stem from online counsellor/counsellee mutual self-disclosure. The anonymity of the interaction seems to facilitate a sense of personal freedom and privacy that frees the client to talk to the counsellor with a sense of personal safety and security. These benefits notwithstanding, a number of challenges and ethical issues are involved in self-disclosure in online counselling and these should be taken into consideration by stakeholders.
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The Concept Of Counselling

Online counselling (also known as e-therapy) is a relatively recent innovation brought about by information and communication technology, involving a one-to-one interaction between a client and an offering a professional counselling service.

A plethora of Internet facilities provide forms of counselling. These include peer support groups for specific problems, message forums, and chat rooms. Peer based on-line discussion and therapy groups have been present on the Internet for over a decade, with some of them mediated by a professional counselor (Gedge, 2002).

Online counseling, according to Gedge (2002), is currently present in three basic forms. First, e-mail question and response—with many sites offering discounts on multiple emails. Second, chat programmes in which an appointment is made and generally paid for before counsellor and client “meet” online, using solely text based exchanges for a specified amount of time. This is evolving into secure Web based messaging. Third, video or audio links in which counsellor and client are visible over a Web based camera (Webcam).

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Bayode I. Popoola, Olusegun F. Adebowale
Chapter 1
Marilyn Anne Campbell, Kevin Glasheen
A substantial group of young people experience mental health problems, which impact their educational development and subsequent wellbeing. Of those... Sample PDF
The Provision of Online Counselling for Young People
Chapter 2
Olugbenga David Ojo
This chapter advances what can be done by therapists in the absence of opportunity to observe the verbal and non-verbal cues of the clients during... Sample PDF
Faceless Counselling: Trend of Technological Development
Chapter 3
Bonke Adepeju Omoteso
The role of the Internet in communicating cannot be over-emphasized. Many types of communication including emotional communication take place on the... Sample PDF
Communicating Emotions through the Internet
Chapter 4
Maureen C. Kenny, Maria Santacruz
The use of technology is an emerging trend in the field of counselling. Despite advances in this area, there is a dearth of literature on the... Sample PDF
Ethical Issues in Online Counselling
Chapter 5
Bayode I. Popoola, Olusegun F. Adebowale, Akinjide Gabriel Akintomide, Onijuni Olufemi Olatomide
Intimacy is very crucial to the success of any therapeutic relationship. In a counselling relationship, disclosure has been found to be a... Sample PDF
Intimacy and Relational Communication in Online Counselling
Chapter 6
D’Arcy J. Reynolds, Terry Hanley, Markus Wolf
Text-based online therapy interventions have been used for more than a decade, but no comprehensive review of the effects on the alliance have been... Sample PDF
Reaching out across the Virtual Divide: An Empirical Review of Text-Based Therapeutic Online Relationships
Chapter 7
Margaret Olubunmi Afolabi, Oladipo Olugbenga Babalola, Omoniyi Joseph Ola-Olorun
Online interactivity is not commonly employed by patients and health professionals to solve drug related problems, and many patients have yet to... Sample PDF
Counselling in Pharmacy Practice: Exploring the Use of Online Counselling Interactions to Improve Medicine Use among People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
Chapter 8
Stephen Goss, Kate Anthony
The history and development of guidelines on the ethics of providing online counselling and guidance are considered. Some issues the authors have... Sample PDF
The Evolution of Guidelines for Online Counselling and Psychotherapy: The Development of Ethical Practice
Chapter 9
Ayodeji Adeola Shobola, Onijuni Olufemi Olatomide
The ultimate aim of counselling is to assist the individual identify his problems, recognize the solution options that are available, and to apply... Sample PDF
Enhancing the Helper-Helpee Therapeutic Relationship and the Client’s Desirable Change in Online Counselling
Chapter 10
Susan Pattison, Terry Hanley, Aaron Sefi
The central thesis of this chapter has three main components. Initially, the authors propose that online counselling can be of benefit to Kenyan... Sample PDF
Online Counselling for Children and Young People: Using Technology to Address the Millennium Development Goals in Kenya
Chapter 11
David Akinlolu Adeyemo, Roland Chukwudi Agokei
In accordance with the rapid industrial and technological growth in this nuclear age, it is not a surprise that counselling has gone nuclear. Online... Sample PDF
Equipping the Online Counsellors-in-Training: Between Theory and Practice
Chapter 12
Maggie Robson
This explores the possibilities of using technology to support counselling supervision in Africa, with a focus on Kenya, where the cost, both in... Sample PDF
Is There Anybody Out There?: The Role of Technology in Supporting Counsellors and Play Therapists
Chapter 13
Mary O. Esere, Joshua A. Omotosho, Adeyemi I. Idowu
Online counselling has been described as an emerging trend and an anytime, anyplace activity that is supported by portable technology. Time... Sample PDF
Self-Disclosure in Online Counselling
Chapter 14
Egbedokun Adeola
Information and communication technology has expanded the capacity for person-to-person communication and has created opportunities for man to... Sample PDF
The Challenges of Online Counseling in a Developing Country
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