A Semantic Web Based Approach for Context-Aware User Query Formulation and Information Retrieval

A Semantic Web Based Approach for Context-Aware User Query Formulation and Information Retrieval

Hanh Huu Hoang (Vienna University of Technology, Austria), Tho Manh Nguyen (Vienna University of Technology, Austria) and A Min Tjoa (Vienna University of Technology, Austria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-306-7.ch015
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Abstract

Formulating unambiguous queries in the Semantic Web applications is a challenging task for users. This article presents a new approach in guiding users to formulate clear requests based on their common nature of querying for information. The approach known as the front-end approach gives users an overview about the system data through a virtual data component which stores the extracted metadata of the data storage sources in the form of an ontology. This approach reduces the ambiguities in users’ requests at a very early stage and allows the query process to effectively perform in fulfilling users’ demands in a context-aware manner. Furthermore, the approach provides a powerful query engine, called context-aware querying, that recommends the appropriate query patterns according to the user’s querying context.
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Research activities in ontology-based search/query systems could be classified in to variant categories (Hoang & Tjoa, 2006). In this section we only present two related issues: (a) ontology-enhanced search strategies and (b) query formulation.

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