Semantics-Based Process Support for Grid Applications

Semantics-Based Process Support for Grid Applications

Gayathri Nadarajan (University of Edinburgh, UK), Areti Manataki (University of Edinburgh, UK) and Yun-Heh Chen-Burger (University of Edinburgh, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-364-7.ch004
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The infrastructure of Grid is approaching maturity and can be used to enable the utilisation and sharing of large scale, remote data storages through distributed computational capabilities and support collaborations and co-operations between different organisations. Grid can therefore be suitably used to support the creation and running of a virtual organisation (VO). However, to assist the smooth operation of VOs, robust computational and storage facilities alone are not sufficient. There must also exist appropriate rich business infrastructure. In this chapter, the authors consider business process frameworks that utilise semantics-based business process modelling (BPM) technologies, and they illustrate the multidisciplinary nature of our approach by applying them to three different fields: Supply Chain Management, Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management, and Intelligent Video Analysis. They aim to show that these three application areas that incorporate semantics-based BPM methods could be used to support developing Grid applications, and to subsequently support VOs.
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In this section, we present an overview of Virtual Organisation and Grid, Enterprise and Business Process Modelling and the paradigms for activity modelling. This will provide a background and motivation for the work before the case studies are presented in the next section.

Virtual Organisation and Grid

A Virtual Organisation (VO) is defined as a set of individuals or institutions that wish to share resources in a controlled and coordinated way (Foster & Kesselman, 2004). The sharing not only involves files and data, but also software, equipment and human skills. In this way closer collaboration is enabled for the achievement of shared common goals. It has been argued that the VO paradigm will undoubtedly come to play a major role in the theory and practice of management (Mowshowitz, 2002, p. 25). In fact, business experts state that currently competition is not between different enterprises but between different enterprise networks. Similarly, collaboration among different scientific groups and governmental organisations is crucial, thus signifying the era of VOs.

Issues in VO-related research include: i) trust and security, ii) the computing infrastructure, and iii) the capturing of the highly dynamic processes involved. Trust and cultural problems within the VO are studied mostly by business and information systems researchers. The Grid is suggested as the most suitable infrastructure for the emerging VOs; in fact, Foster and Kesselman adapt their first, computing-oriented definition of the Grid (Foster & Kesselman, 1998) to the era of VOs, as they consider relevant social and policy issues (Foster & Kesselman, 2004). Lately there is an increasing interest in a more encompassing view of VOs, including engineering management aspects such as knowledge management (Katzy & Löh, 2003). In this, the capturing of highly dynamic VO processes, the so-called “virtual operations”, is considered to be crucial. We regard semantics-based BPM methods as a useful means for capturing these processes while allowing their use in the Semantic Web.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Mark Baker
Nik Bessis
Nik Bessis
Chapter 1
Enjie Liu, Xia Zhao, Gordon J. Clapworthy
At the heart of the Grid technology is the concept of resource sharing, which includes computers, storage and networks. Grid currently appears to be... Sample PDF
Building Service-Oriented Grid Applications
Chapter 2
Giuseppe Andronico, Roberto Barbera, Marco Fargetta, Emidio Giorgio, Salvatore Marco, Diego Scardaci
Grid computing allows for the creation of e-infrastructures providing computational power and information storage capabilities needed both by... Sample PDF
Sustainable and Interoperable e-Infrastructures for Research and Business
Chapter 3
Vassilikil Andronikou, Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Magdalini Kardara, Dimitrios Halkos, Theodora Varvarigou
The Grid has the potential to make a significant advance beyond the Internet, by turning it from a passive information medium into an active tool... Sample PDF
Scenarios of Next Generation Grid Applications in Collaborative EnvironmentsA Business-Technical Analysis
Chapter 4
Gayathri Nadarajan, Areti Manataki, Yun-Heh Chen-Burger
The infrastructure of Grid is approaching maturity and can be used to enable the utilisation and sharing of large scale, remote data storages... Sample PDF
Semantics-Based Process Support for Grid Applications
Chapter 5
Rogério Luís de Carvalho Costal, Pedro Furtado
The computational grid offers services for efficiently scheduling jobs on the grid, but for grid-enabled applications where data handling is a most... Sample PDF
Placement and Scheduling over Grid Warehouses
Chapter 6
Navonil Mustafee, Simon J.E. Taylor
The computational grid offers services for efficiently scheduling jobs on the grid, but for grid-enabled applications where data handling is a most... Sample PDF
Leveraging Simulation Practice in Industry through use of Desktop Grid Middleware
Chapter 7
Genoveffa Jeni Giambona, Nicholas L.J. Silburn, David W. Birchall
This chapter focuses on the collaborative use of computing resources to support decision making in industry. Through the use of middleware for... Sample PDF
Trust, Virtual Teams, and Grid Technology
Chapter 8
Rob Smith, Rob Wilson
Flexible and remote working is becoming more and more widespread. In particular, virtual team working is growing rapidly. Although virtual teams... Sample PDF
The Socio-Technical Virtual Organisation
Chapter 9
Marina Burakova-Lorgnier
A Virtual Organisation (VO) or Virtual Enterprise is a loosely-coupled group of collaborating organisations, acting to some extent as though they... Sample PDF
Modelling Trust–Control Dynamics for Grid-based Communities: A Shared Psychological Ownership Perspective
Chapter 10
Lu Liu, Nick Antonopoulos
The aim of this chapter is to appreciate the need for and propose some thoughts on modelling trust–control dynamics for communities that use grid... Sample PDF
Small World Architecture for Building Effective Virtual Organisations
Chapter 11
James Dooley, Andrea Zisman, George Spanoudakis
A Virtual Organisation in large-scale distributed systems is a set of individuals and/or institutions with some common purposes or interests that... Sample PDF
Runtime Service Discovery for Grid Applications
Chapter 12
Nik Bessis
This chapter describes a framework to support runtime service discovery for Grid applications based on service discovery queries in both push and... Sample PDF
Model Architecture for a User Tailored Data Push Service in Data Grids
Chapter 13
Eleana Asimakopoulou, Chimay J. Anumba, Bouchlaghem, Bouchlaghem
Much work is under way within the Grid technology community on issues associated with the development of services to foster collaboration via the... Sample PDF
Using Grid Technology for Maximizing Collaborative Emergency Response Decision Making
Chapter 14
Ahmet Sayar, Geoffrey C. Fox, Marlon E. Pierce
Geographic information is critical for building disaster planning, crisis management, and early-warning systems. Decision making in geographic... Sample PDF
Unified Data Access/Query over Integrated Data-views for Decision Making in Geographic Information Systems
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