Significance of Logic Synthesis in FPGA-Based Design of Image and Signal Processing Systems
Mariusz Rawski (Warsaw University of Technology, Poland), Henry Selvaraj (University of Nevada, USA), Bogdan J. Falkowski (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore) and Tadeusz Luba (Warsaw University of Technology, Poland)
Copyright: © 2008
This chapter, taking FIR filters as an example, presents the discussion on efficiency of different implementation methodologies of DSP algorithms targeting modern FPGA architectures. Nowadays, programmable technology provides the possibility to implement digital systems with the use of specialized embedded DSP blocks. However, this technology gives the designer the possibility to increase efficiency of designed systems by exploitation of parallelisms of implemented algorithms. Moreover, it is possible to apply special techniques, such as distributed arithmetic (DA). Since in this approach, general-purpose multipliers are replaced by combinational LUT blocks, it is possible to construct digital filters of very high performance. Additionally, application of the functional decomposition-based method to LUT blocks optimization, and mapping has been investigated. The chapter presents results of the comparison of various design approaches in these areas.