Simulating Complexity-Based Ethics for Crucial Decision Making in Counter Terrorism

Simulating Complexity-Based Ethics for Crucial Decision Making in Counter Terrorism

Cecilia Andrews (University of New South Wales, Australia) and Edward Lewis (University of New South Wales, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-640-2.ch009
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Abstract

“Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics and strategies that governments, militaries and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism.” Counter Terrorism (CT) is a complex system driven by political, stress and time pressures that contribute to the enormous difficulty that involved people face in making sustainable ethical decisions. This chapter proposes a systems planning approach for enhancing the sustainability of crucial ethical decisions in CT. First, we describe the need for enhancing crucial ethical decision-making using some recent cases. Next, we evaluate the relevance and utility of a systems planning approach in providing such enhancements for CT. We develop the “ideal state” for tools and techniques to be used for crucial ethical decision-making in CT. We propose the POWER systems planning framework as a model for advancing towards this ideal state Finally, we consider how games and simulation could be used to envision and inform, aid synthesis of and support evaluation of decision-making through the POWER model.

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