This chapter is a concise review of time-domain and transform-domain representations of single-rate discrete-time signals and systems. We consider first the time-domain representation of discrete-time signals and systems. The representation in transform domain comprises the discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT), the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), and the z-transform. The basic realization structures for FIR and IIR systems are briefly described. Finally, the relations between continuous and discrete signals are given.