Software Process Asset Libraries Using Knowledge Repositories

Software Process Asset Libraries Using Knowledge Repositories

Leonardo Bermón-Angarita (Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain), Antonio Amescua-Seco (Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain), Maria Isabel Sánchez-Segura (Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain) and Javier García-Guzmán (Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-879-6.ch048
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Abstract

This paper establishes the incorporation of knowledge management techniques as a means to improve actual software process asset libraries. It presents how knowledge management contributes to the creation of a new generation of process libraries as repositories of knowledge as well as the mechanisms to allow the acquisition, storage, collaborating, sharing and distribution of knowledge related to the software development processes. It exposes aspects about organization and structure of this kind of digital libraries oriented to software process engineering, defining a lifecycle of the software process assets and a set of services and functions for its effective use in small and medium software development enterprises.
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Background And Definitions

This section presents concepts related to the application of knowledge repositories in software process asset libraries for helping to implement SPI strategies using KM.

Software Process Improvement

The objective of SPI is to implement and institutionalize improvement practices to develop software in the organization (i.e., to create new knowledge at an organizational level, creating processes that help the organization to acquire experience of existing sources that will be applied to new projects).

For an effective deployment of SPI it is necessary to facilitate the means for the organization continually gathering pieces of information valuable to attaining improvement and to package and infuse the synthesized experience into future projects. In such a way that it can assemble sub-processes in constructive fashion (Aaen et al., 2002).

The successful SPI models like CMMI in large companies offer incentives for their adoption in new environments but they must be adapted appropriately for its effective fulfillment.

SMEs have a great interest in how to introduce and sustain a SPI initiative, minimizing the limitations of its size and maximizing the benefits inherent in its culture. For the use of SPI models, these companies need to tailor the models to address the problems related to the size and key aspects like documentation, management, reviews, resources, and training.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Ontology: A formal and explicit specification of a shared conceptualization.

Knowledge Management: It is the systematic, explicit, and deliberate building, renewal, and application of knowledge to maximize an enterprise’s knowledge-related effectiveness and returns from its knowledge and intellectual capital assets.

Process Software Improvement: It is a systematic procedure to improve the performance of an existing process system by changing the current processes or adding new processes for correction or avoidance of the problems identified in the old system by process assessment.

Codification: to systematize and store information that represents the knowledge of the company, and makes this available for the people in the company.

SME: Small companies (size less than 100 persons), small organizations (belongs a more large organization, size less than 50 persons) and small projects (executed in organizations; size less than 20 persons).

PAL: It an organized, well-indexed, searchable repository of process assets that is easily accessible by anyone who needs process guidance information like examples, data, templates, or other process support materials.

Customization: to support the flow of information in a company by storing information about knowledge sources, like a “yellow pages” of in-house expertise.

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Foreword
Gary Gorman
Preface
Yin-Leng Theng, Schubert Foo, Dion Goh, Jin-Cheon Na
Acknowledgement
Chapter 1
Leonardo Candela, Donatella Castelli, Pasquale Pagano
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OpenDLib: A Digital Library Service System
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Digital Library Service System; Digital Library System; Document Model; Grid Computing; Grid Infrastructure; Institutional Repository; Service Oriented Architecture
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Sarah-Jane Saravani
This chapter describes a learning object repository case study undertaken at the Waikato Institute of Technology, Hamilton, New Zealand, during 2005... Sample PDF
Access and Control; Digital Libraries; Information Ethics; Privacy; Security
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Extensible Digital Library Service Platform
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Personal Digital Libraries
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Comparing Open Source Digital Library Software
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Ian H. Witten, David Bainbridge
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The Greenstone Digital Library Software
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Yin-Leng Theng, Nyein Chan Lwin Lwin, Jin-Cheon Na, Schubert Foo, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh
This chapter addresses the issues of resource discovery in digital libraries (DLs) and the importance of knowledge organization tools in building... Sample PDF
Design and Development of a Taxonomy Generator: A Case Example for Greenstone
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Schubert Foo, Yin-Leng Theng, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Jin-Cheon Na
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From Digital Archives to Virtual Exhibitions
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Carmen Galvez
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Standardization of Terms Applying Finite-State Transducers (FST)
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Fu Lee Wang, Christopher C. Yang
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Extracting the Essence: Automatic Text Summarization
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Metadata Interoperability  (pages 122-130)
K. S. Chudamani, H. C. Nagarathna
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Metadata Interoperability
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Payam M. Barnaghi, Wei Wang, Jayan C. Kurian
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Semantic Association Analysis in Ontology-Based Information Retrieval
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Effective and Efficient Browsing of Large Image Databases
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User Profiles for Personalizing Digital Libraries
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Automatic Text Summarization in Digital Libraries
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Wooil Kim, John H.L. Hansen
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Speechfind: Advances in Rich Content Based Spoken Document Retrieval
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Sofia Stamou
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Using Topic-Specific Ranks to Personalize Web Search
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Irene Lourdi, Mara Nikolaidou
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Guidelines for Developing Digital Cultural Collections
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Neide Santos, Fernanda C.A. Campos, Regina M.M. Braga Villela
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Svenja Hagenhoff, Björn Ortelbach, Lutz Seidenfaden
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A Classification Scheme for Innovative Types in Scholarly Communication
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Stefano Paolozzi, Fernando Ferri, Patrizia Grifoni
This chapter describes multimodality as a means of augmenting information retrieval activities in multimedia digital libraries. Multimodal... Sample PDF
Improving Multimedia Digital Libraries Usability Applying NLP Sentence Similarity to Multimodal Sentences
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Ana Kovacevic, Vladan Devedzic
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Duplicate Journal Title Detection in References
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Jin-Cheon Na, Tun Thura Thet, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Yin-Leng Theng, Schubert Foo
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Word Segmentation in Indo-China Languages for Digital Libraries
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Chapter 25
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Khasfariyati Razikin, Alton Y.K. Chua, Chei Sian Lee, Schubert Foo
Social tagging is the process of assigning and sharing among users freely selected terms of resources. This approach enables users to... Sample PDF
On the Effectiveness of Social Tagging for Resource Discovery
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Chapter 26
Taha Osman, Dhavalkumar Thakker, Gerald Schaefer
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Semantic Annotation and Retrieval of Images in Digital Libraries
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Chapter 27
Ali Shiri
This chapter introduces a new category of digital library user interfaces called metadata-enhanced visual interfaces. Drawing on the earlier... Sample PDF
Metadata and Metaphors in Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries
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Chapter 28
Judy Jeng
This chapter introduces the concept of usability and provides examples of how usability has been used in digital library evaluations. Usability is a... Sample PDF
Usability Evaluation of Digital Library
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Stephen Kimani, Emanuele Panizzi, Tiziana Catarci, Margerita Antona
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Digital Library Requirements: A Questionnaire-Based Study
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Handhelds for Digital Libraries
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Chapter 32
Robert Neumayer, Andreas Rauber
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Patent and Trade Secret in Digital Libraries
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Chapter 34
Thomas Mandl
This chapter describes personalization strategies adopted in digital libraries. Personalization and individualization are introduced as means to... Sample PDF
User-Adapted Information Services
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Hepu Deng
Digital resources are readily available and easily accessible with the rapid development of information and communication technologies nowadays.... Sample PDF
An Empirical Analysis of the Utilization of University Digital Library Resources
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Chapter 36
Gerald Schaefer, Simon Ruszala
Following the ever-growing sizes of image databases, effective methods for visualising such databases and navigating through them are much sought... Sample PDF
Visualisation of Large Image Databases
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Cláudio de Souza Baptista, Ulrich Schiel
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Towards Multimedia Digital Libraries
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Chapter 38
Nuria Lloret Romero, Margarita Cabrera Méndez, Alicia Sellés Carot, Lilia Fernandez Aquino
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Chapter 39
Rubén Béjar, J. Nogueras-Iso, Miguel Ángel Latre, Pedro Rafael Muro-Medrano, F. J. Zarazaga-Soria
This chapter introduces Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) and establishes their strong conceptual and technical relationships with geographic... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries as a Foundation of Spatial Data Infrastructures
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Chapter 40
O. Cantán Casbas, J. Nogueras-Iso, F. J. Zarazaga-Soria
A new collaboration paradigm is in order between Digital Libraries (DL) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These important Information... Sample PDF
DL and GIS: Path to a New Collaboration Paradigm
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Chapter 41
Piedad Garrido Picazo, Jesús Tramullas Saz, Manuel Coll Villalta
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Digital Libraries Beyond Cultural Heritage Information
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Chapter 42
Wan Ab. Kadir Wan Dollah, Diljit Singh
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Reference Services in Digital Environment
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Chapter 43
Frances L. Lightsom, Alan O. Allwardt
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USGS Digital Libraries for Coastal and Marine Science
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Chapter 44
Digital Preservation  (pages 431-440)
Stephan Strodl, Christoph Becker, Andreas Rauber
The rapid ongoing changes in software and hardware put digital information at risk. The challenge is to keep electronic data accessible, viewable... Sample PDF
Digital Preservation
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Chapter 45
Gerald Schaefer
While image retrieval and image compression have been pursued separately in the past, compressed domain techniques, which allow processing or... Sample PDF
Visual Pattern Based Compressed Domain Image Retrieval
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Chapter 46
Thomas Lidy, Andreas Rauber
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Chapter 47
Juha Kettunen
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The Strategic Plan of Digital Libraries
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Chapter 48
Leonardo Bermón-Angarita, Antonio Amescua-Seco, Maria Isabel Sánchez-Segura, Javier García-Guzmán
This paper establishes the incorporation of knowledge management techniques as a means to improve actual software process asset libraries. It... Sample PDF
Software Process Asset Libraries Using Knowledge Repositories
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Chapter 49
Lee Yen Han
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The Role and Integration of Digital Libraries in E-Learning
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Chapter 50
Kanwal Ameen, Muhammad Rafiq
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Development of Digital Libraries in Pakistan
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Chapter 51
Seungwon Yang, Barbara M. Wildemuth, Jeffrey P. Pomerantz, Sanghee Oh
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Core Topics in Digital Library Education
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Chapter 52
Natalie Pang
Using historical perspectives from ancient libraries in Europe, this chapter is focused on the core role of libraries as centres of knowledge.... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries as Centres of Knowledge: Historical Perspectives from European Ancient Libraries
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Chapter 53
Wolfgang Ratzek
Triggered by a rapid diffusion of ICT within the last two decades, libraries have undergone a (r)evolutionary change in both mission and services.... Sample PDF
The European Approach Towards Digital Library Education: Dead End or Recipe for Success?
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Chapter 54
Faisal Ahmad, Tamara Sumner, Holly Devaul
The limited scope of digital libraries can be attributed to the brick and mortar vision of the library metaphor. In order to extend scope of digital... Sample PDF
New Roles of Digital Libraries
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Chapter 55
Yongqing Ma, Warwick Clegg, Ann O’Brien
In this entry, we review the history, development and current status of digital library (DL) courses and programmes now being offered, mainly by... Sample PDF
A Review of Progress in Digital Library Education
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Chapter 56
Chang Chew-Hung, John G. Hedberg
While the prospect of using digital libraries for learning becomes more appealing with growing repositories of resources, it is not clear what... Sample PDF
The Future of Learning with Digital Libraries
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Chapter 57
Michael B. Twidale, David M. Nichols
This chapter discusses the role of technology in digital library education. It explores how elements of computer science and library science can be... Sample PDF
Computational Sense for Digital Librarians
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Chapter 58
Soh Whee Kheng Grace
Library digitization on a global basis is essential in the twenty-first century. The digital library development initiatives in most countries... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries Overview and Globalization
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About the Contributors