Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructure

Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructure

John Abresch (University of South Florida Libraries, USA), Peter J. Reehling (University of South Florida Libraries, USA) and Ardis Hanson (University of South Florida Libraries, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-726-3.ch003
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Abstract

The emergence, in recent years, of digital libraries and of Internet-based communication applications have led some researchers to propose that the emerging data infrastructure of the Internet and the capabilities of digital libraries can be used to organize and ease data-mining digital geospatial data across the Internet. Digital geospatial data interoperability, the target of major efforts by standardization bodies and the research community since the 1990s, “has been seen as a solution for sharing and integrating geospatial data, more specifically to solve the syntactic, schematic, and semantic as well as the spatial and temporal heterogeneities between various real world phenomena” (Brodeur, Bédard, Edwards, & Moulin, 2003, p. 243). Some researchers point to the problem that many GIS systems are singular in nature, are generally isolated, and lack interoperability, due in part to the computer architecture upon which they are based (Lutz, Riedemann, & Probst, 2003). This chapter will discuss the emergence of a national spatial digital infrastructure vis à vis the development of a national telecommunications infrastructure. Federal policies, standards, and procedures will be reviewed that assist in the management and production of geospatial data. Several examples of current geospatial libraries will be examined. The chapter will conclude with a short implications section on what are necessary next steps and future trends.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Patrick McGlamery
Chapter 1
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron, Peter J. Reehling
There are many definitions of the study of geography. Most scholars define the discipline of geography as broadly concerned with the study of the... Sample PDF
Geography and Librarianship
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Chapter 2
John Abresch, Peter J. Reehling, Ardis Hanson
The recent socioeconomic trends, convergence of telecommunication technologies and the emergence of information as an integral component of the... Sample PDF
Information Economy and Geospatial Information
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Chapter 3
John Abresch, Peter J. Reehling, Ardis Hanson
The emergence, in recent years, of digital libraries and of Internet-based communication applications have led some researchers to propose that the... Sample PDF
Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructure
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Chapter 4
Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron
To be optimally useful, geospatial resources must be described. This description is referred to as metadata. Metadata tells “who, what, where, when... Sample PDF
Describing Geospatial Information
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Chapter 5
Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron
The preceding chapter discussed how geographic and cartographic materials are traditionally described in libraries. With the growth of geospatial... Sample PDF
From Print Formats to Digital: Describing GIS Data Standards
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Chapter 6
Ardis Hanson
With the creation of the Internet and the continued evolution of technologies in GIS, networking, and knowledge management, access to geospatial... Sample PDF
Accessibility: Critical GIS, Ontologies, and Semantics
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Chapter 7
Reference Services  (pages 175-201)
Ardis Hanson
Geographers often define the spatial parameters of different environments by integrating diverse data sets with locational coordinates to create an... Sample PDF
Reference Services
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Chapter 8
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Peter J. Rheeling
Among the most challenging aspects of GIS are identifying needs, acquiring resources, and managing the collection, a process that involves decision... Sample PDF
Collection Management Issues with Geospatial Information
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Chapter 9
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Peter J. Rheeling
“I invite all of you to become geographers, if not by vocation then by avocation. GIS is about thinking geographically. Beyond being an essential... Sample PDF
Geographic Information and Library Education
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Chapter 10
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron, Peter J. Rheeling
Geographic information is ubiquitous, from MapQuest in Google to the use of global positioning systems on PDAs and automobiles. More people use... Sample PDF
What the Future Holds: Trends in GIS and Academic Libraries
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About the Contributors