Spatial Modeling of Risk Factors for Gender-Specific Child Mortality in a Rural Area of Bangladesh

Spatial Modeling of Risk Factors for Gender-Specific Child Mortality in a Rural Area of Bangladesh

Mohammod Ali (International Vaccine Institute, Korea), Christine Ashley (University of Minnesota, USA), M. Zahirul Haq (International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh) and Peter Kim Streatfield (International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh)
Copyright: © 2003 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-042-4.ch013
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This chapter describes the use of geographic information systems to predict spatial risk of child survival problems in a rural area of Bangladesh. Demographic, health service and socioeconomic surveillance data linked with a geographic information system from the rural area were used to predict the risk of gender-specific child mortality. Temporal data from the area show that child mortality rates have declined, and that gender differences in mortality have been eliminated. However, results of the higher mortality area analysis show that this decline has not been consistent in all areas. A wide geographical variation of mortality exists within the area as well. In general, places that had no intensive child health intervention, no outside embankment and were distant from a treatment center predicted a higher risk for child mortality. An area with Hindu predominance predicted risk for only female child mortality. The results of the analysis suggest that, with socioeconomic and cultural interventions, spatial variations in child mortality can be minimized.

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Table of Contents
Ric Skinner
Omar A. Khan
Omar A. Khan
Chapter 1
Gregory Pappas, Mohammod Akhter
In this chapter we discuss the importance of community in public health science and practice. Community is —first and foremost— place. The science... Sample PDF
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Chapter 2
Samuel Soret, Karl J. McCleary, Patrick A. Rivers, Susanne B. Montgomery
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Understanding Health Disparities through Geographic Information Systems
Chapter 3
J.ane L. McCall, Amy K. Pasini, Richard B. Wait
This chapter describes two case studies that demonstrate how the technology of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be combined with community... Sample PDF
Using a GIS and the American Community Survey to Address Community Health Problems
Chapter 4
Robert Lipton, D. M. Gorman, Paul Gruenewald
This chapter describes research that uses spatial modeling to address pressing issues related to a public health understanding of alcohol problems... Sample PDF
The Application of Spatial Analysis to the Public Health Understanding of Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Problems
Chapter 5
Jane L. McCall
In the last 20 years, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have had an ever-increasing impact on the course of research and planning in many... Sample PDF
The New Kid on the Block: A Look at How Geographic Information Systems are Changing the Face of Cancer Research
Chapter 6
Scott Carlin
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Community Breast Cancer Mapping in Huntington, Long Island
Chapter 7
Daikwon Han, Peter A. Rogerson
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Application of a GIS-Based Statistical Method to Access Spatio-Temporal Changes in Breast Cancer Clustering in the Northeastern United States
Chapter 8
C. L. Vidal-Rodeiro, M. I. Santiago-Perez, E. Vazquez-Fernandez, M. E. Lopez-Vizcaino, X. Hervada-Vidal
The purpose of this chapter is to review and compare two techniques to map the mortality risk of a disease in small geographical areas. The first... Sample PDF
Geographical Analysis of Disease in Small Areas Using Hierarchical Bayesian Models: Mapping Men's Lung Cancer Mortality in Galicia, Spain
Chapter 9
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Using Hierarchical Nearest Neighbor Analysis and Animation to Investigate the Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Raccoon Rabies in West Virginia
Chapter 10
Michael Emch, Mohammod Ali
This chapter describes the use of disease clustering methods using diarrheal disease data from a rural area of Bangladesh for which the authors... Sample PDF
Spatial Cluster Analysis for Etiological Research and Identification of Socio-environmental Risk Factors
Chapter 11
Edmund Y.W. Seto, Bing Xu, Weiping Wu, George Davis, Dongchuan Qiu, Xueguang Gu
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The Use of GIS and Remote Sensing in Schistosomiasis Control in China
Chapter 12
M. E. Folkoff, E. A. Venso, D. W. Harris, M. F. Frana, M. S. Scott
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Bacterial Source Tracking of Nonpoint Source Pollution Using GIS and DNA Fingerprinting Technologies
Chapter 13
Mohammod Ali, Christine Ashley, M. Zahirul Haq, Peter Kim Streatfield
This chapter describes the use of geographic information systems to predict spatial risk of child survival problems in a rural area of Bangladesh.... Sample PDF
Spatial Modeling of Risk Factors for Gender-Specific Child Mortality in a Rural Area of Bangladesh
Chapter 14
Ge Lin
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Using GIS to Unveil Distance Effects on Hospitalizations in Victoria
Chapter 15
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Spatial Accessibility to Primary Care and Physician Shortage Area Designation: A Case Study in Illinois with GIS Approaches
Chapter 16
Evan R. Wolarsky
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Using GIS with Publicly Available Data for Hospital Market Share Analysis
Chapter 17
Lars Brabyn, Paul Gower
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Mapping Accessibility to General Practitioners
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