The Speech-Enabled Web

The Speech-Enabled Web

L. E. Moser (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA) and P. M. Melliar-Smith (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-993-9.ch079
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Abstract

Speech recognition and synthesis technology has advanced to the point where the use of voice input and output is now feasible for Web-based applications over the Internet. This article describes applications, standards, and architectures for a speech-enabled Web, or SpeechWeb. The ready availability of mobile devices, such as cell phones and PDAs with wireless access to the Internet but without a conventional desktop keyboard, mouse, and large display, make voice input and output very compelling. Voice input and output for small screen/ keyboard devices, and for hands-/eyes-free situations, is essential to enable the user’s interaction with the device and to make it more user friendly.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Speech Recognition: The process of interpreting human speech for transcription or as a method of interacting with a computer, using a computer equipped with a source of speech input, such as a microphone.

SpeechWeb: A collection of hyper-linked applications that are distributed over the Internet and are accessible by spoken commands and queries that are input through remote end-user devices.

Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML): A standard that specifies the rendering of synthesized speech to the user.

Voice Extensible Markup Language (Voice-XML): A standard that is used for defining dialogs and for specifying the exchange of information between a user and a speech application.

Speech Recognition Grammar Specification (SRGS): A standard that allows applications to specify the words and phrases that users are prompted to speak.

Speech Synthesis: The artificial production of human speech. Speech synthesis systems are also called text-to-speech systems in reference to their ability to convert text into speech.

Speech Application Language Tags (SALT): A standard that enables multi-modal and telephony access to the Web by providing access to information, applications, and Web services from PCs, telephones, and PDAs.

Complete Chapter List

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Editorial Advisory Board
Preface
Mario Freire, Manuela Pereira
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Michele Mara de Araújo Espíndula Lima, Nelson Luís Saldanha da Fonseca
Although powerful and necessary to prevent network collapse, the congestion control mechanism of the TCP is not sufficient to avoid congestion.... Sample PDF
Active Queue Management
$37.50
Chapter 2
Abdelhamid Mellouk
Networks, such as the Internet, have become the most important communication infrastructure of today’s society. It enables the worldwide users... Sample PDF
Adaptive Routing Quality of Service Algorithms for Internet's Irregular Traffic
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Chapter 3
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas, Kostas Stamos
In this article, we concentrate on the architecture of an adaptive real time application that has the capability to transmit multimedia data over... Sample PDF
Adaptive Transmission of Multimedia Data over the Internet
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Chapter 4
Pankaj Kamthan
The Internet, particularly the Web, has opened new vistas for businesses. The ability that anyone, using (virtually) any device could be reached... Sample PDF
Addressing the Credibility of Web Applications
$37.50
Chapter 5
ADSL2+ Technology  (pages 29-35)
D. Kagklis, S. Androulidakis, G. Patikis, T. Doukoglou
This chapter presents and evaluates the ADSL2+ technology with respect to its physical layer performance, which provides the foundation for... Sample PDF
ADSL2+ Technology
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Chapter 6
Elisa Bertino, Elena Ferrari, Andrea Perego, Gian Piero Zarri
In this chapter, besides discussing the current strategies for Web content filtering, outlining their advantages and drawbacks, we present an... Sample PDF
Advanced Techniques for Web Content Filtering
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Chapter 7
Larbi Esmahi, Ylber Ramadani
Web services have become a significant technology in the evolution of the Web and distributed computing. Web services represent a set of related... Sample PDF
Agent-Based Web Services
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Chapter 8
Andrea Bosin, Nicoletta Dessì, Maria Grazia Fugini, Diego Liberati, Barbara Pes
Scientific experiments are supported by activities that create, use, communicate and distribute information and whose organizational dynamics is... Sample PDF
ALBA Cooperative Environment for Scientific Experiments
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Chapter 9
Gábor Hosszú, David Tegze
This chapter presents various congestion control schemes for transport protocols together with a number of metrics for the evaluation of these... Sample PDF
Analysis of TCP-Friendly Protocols for Media Streaming
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Chapter 10
Autonomic Computing  (pages 66-71)
Kevin Curran, Maurice Mulvenna, Chris Nugent, Matthias Baumgarten
Modern networks offer end-to-end connectivity however; the increasing amount of traditional offered services may still not fulfill the requirements... Sample PDF
Autonomic Computing
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Chapter 11
Autonomic Networking  (pages 72-78)
Pantelis N. Karamolegkos, Charalampos Patrikakis, Emmanuel Protonotarios
The term “autonomic networking” refers to a recently emerged communications paradigm, that uses distributed techniques (swarm intelligence based... Sample PDF
Autonomic Networking
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Chapter 12
Mark Burgess
Cfengine is a policy-based configuration management system (Burgess 1995). Its pri-mary function is to provide automated configuration and... Sample PDF
Cfengine Configuration Management Agent
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Chapter 13
Gábor Hosszú, Raymond Pardede
This chapter reviews the most important fact of the application-level multicast (ALM) and then describes a novel concept of modeling relative... Sample PDF
A Clustering Model of the Application-Level Multicast
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Chapter 14
Wong Kok Seng, Sellappan Palaniappan, Nor Adnan Yahaya
In today’s Information and Communication Technology (ICT) era, the need for real-time collaboration over the Internet is increasing. Due to ongoing... Sample PDF
Collaborative Support for Graphical Based Design Tools Introduction
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Chapter 15
Kyeongja Lee, Armand Toguyeni, Ahmed Rahmani
Congestion is derived from insufficient network resources and unbalanced traffic distribution. To treat today’s greedy applications, adding more... Sample PDF
Comparison of Multipath Schemes for Hybrid Models in MPLS
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Chapter 16
Miguel Rodríguez Pérez, Cándidol López-García, Sergio Herrería-Alonso
Multicast is a transmission service that simultaneously delivers packets from a sender to a group of receivers. The set of receivers form a... Sample PDF
Congestion Control in Multicast Networks
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Chapter 17
Kyungbaek Kim, Byungjip Kim, Daeyeon Park
In recent years, the technologies of the network and the computer have developed enormously and the diverse devices such as PDAs, mobile phones, TVs... Sample PDF
Content-Aware Caching for Cooperative Transcoding Proxies
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Chapter 18
Huaqun Guo, Daqing Zhang, Lek-Heng Ngoh, Song Zheng, Wai-Choong Wong
The decreasing cost of networking technology and network-enabled devices is driving the large scale deployment of such networks and devices so as to... Sample PDF
Context-Aware Service Discovery in Ubiquitous Computing
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Chapter 19
Vitor Santos, Henrique São Mamede
In this context, the hypothesis to appeal to the capacity of computer systems, based in knowledge or in adaptations of creativity techniques in... Sample PDF
Creative Information Systems
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Chapter 20
Tony C. Shan, Winnie W. Hua
Nowadays, the eCommerce business models demand increasingly higher performance of information systems that support various business processes.... Sample PDF
Data Caching in Web Applications
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Chapter 21
Hadrian Peter, Charles Greenidge
Traditionally a great deal of research has been devoted to data extraction on the web (Crescenzi, et al, 2001; Embley, et al, 2005; Laender, et al... Sample PDF
Data Extraction from Deep Web Sites
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Chapter 22
Sergio Herrería-Alonso, Manuel Fernández Veiga, Andrés Suárez González, Miguel Rodríguez Pérez, Cándido López-García
IP networks only offer best-effort service to all kinds of traffic. This means that IP tries to deliver each packet as quickly as possible, but... Sample PDF
The Differentiated Services Architecture
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Chapter 23
Mihály Orosz, Gábor Hosszú, Ferenc Kovács
Despite the efficiency of the IP-multicast it has not been deployed in the whole Internet. The main reason is that the wide-area multicasting among... Sample PDF
DNS-Based Allocation of Multicast Addresses
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Chapter 24
Christos Bouras, Eri Giannaka, Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos
E-Collaboration is an important research topic, with a great number of researchers contributing on many aspects. The main reason for this major... Sample PDF
E-Collaboration Concepts, Systems, and Applications
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Chapter 25
Kyungbaek Kim, Daeyeon Park
The recent increase in popularity of the Web has led to a considerable increase in the amount of Internet traffic. As a result, the Web has now... Sample PDF
Efficient and Scalable Client-Clustering for Proxy Cache
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Chapter 26
E-Learning  (pages 179-184)
Gregory R. Gay, Paola Salomoni, Silvia Mirri
The evolution of an Information Society has transformed many activities in our everyday lives, including how we work, communicate, entertain, teach... Sample PDF
E-Learning
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Chapter 27
Lampros Raptis, D. Kagklis, Yiorgos Patikis
Ethernet has become the predominant technology in the Local Area Networks (LANs) due to its simplicity and cost effectiveness. It has been evolved... Sample PDF
Ethernet to the Doorstep of Metropolitan Area Networks
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Chapter 28
Kin Cheong Chu
There are several different ways to connect to the remote controller, each being adapted to specific situations, such as location and availability... Sample PDF
Extend the Building Automation System through Internet
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Chapter 29
Kevin Curran, Peter Breslin, Kevin McLaughlin, Gary Tracey
"Access" is defined in Section 2(1)(a) of the Information Technology Act as "gaining entry into, instructing or communicating with the logical... Sample PDF
Hackers, Hacking, and Eavesdropping
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Chapter 30
Wen-Chen Hu, Lixin Fu, Hung-Jen Yang, Sheng-Chien Lee
It is widely acknowledged that mobile commerce is a field of enormous potential. However, it is also commonly admitted that the development in this... Sample PDF
Handheld Computing and Palm OS Programming for Mobile Commerce
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Chapter 31
Udo Averweg, Geoff Erwin, Don Petkov
Internet portals may be seen as Web sites which provide the gateway to corporate information from a single point of access. Leveraging... Sample PDF
Impact of Portal Technologies on Executive Information Systems
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Chapter 32
Alexandra George
‘Intellectual property’ (or ‘IP’) is an umbrella term that is used as shorthand to describe a variety of diverse doctrines that create... Sample PDF
Intellectual Property and the Internet
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Chapter 33
Internet Gambling  (pages 228-234)
Mark Griffiths, Adrian Parke
Technology has always played a role in the development of gambling practices and continues to provide new market opportunities. One of the fastest... Sample PDF
Internet Gambling
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Chapter 34
Internet Measurements  (pages 235-241)
Artur Ziviani
In the mid 90’s, the Internet has started its metamorphosis from a tool restricted to the scientific community into a crucial component of the... Sample PDF
Internet Measurements
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Chapter 35
IP Multicasting  (pages 242-248)
Robert R. Chodorek
The origins of IP multicasting go back to 1986. However, multicasting in its current form was introduced only in 1989. During 20 years of IP... Sample PDF
IP Multicasting
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Chapter 36
Muhammad Sher, Fabricio Carvalho de Gouveia, Thomas Magedanz
Today the traditional telecommunication technology is declining because of popularity and increasing demand of Voice over IP (VoIP) due to the... Sample PDF
IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) for Emerging All-IP Networks
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Chapter 37
The IPv6 Protocol  (pages 257-268)
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas
This article provides a description of the IPv6 protocol. It briefly covers the reasons that make IPv6 a necessary upgrade, describes the most... Sample PDF
The IPv6 Protocol
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Chapter 38
Rachel Babiarz, Jean-Sebastien Bedo
Traffic modelling has always been the prior to numerous network engineering tasks like network planning or bandwidth yield management. It is still a... Sample PDF
Issues and Applications of Internet Traffic Modelling
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Chapter 39
Tony C. Shan, Winnie W. Hua
In the information systems environment, a framework is a well-defined structural and behavioral model in which applications can be organized and... Sample PDF
Java Web Application Frameworks
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Chapter 40
Gábor Richly, Gábor Hosszú, Ferenc Kovács
This chapter presents a novel approach to search in shared audio file storages, such as P2P-based systems. The proposed method is based on the... Sample PDF
Light-Weight Content-Based Search for File Sharing Systems
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Chapter 41
Malicious Software  (pages 284-290)
Thomas M. Chen, Gregg W. Tally
Malicious software (malware) allows an intruder to take over or damage a target host without the owner’s consent and often without his or her... Sample PDF
Malicious Software
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Chapter 42
Mobility Protocols  (pages 291-298)
Sherali Zeadally, Farhan Siddiqui
In recent years; we have witnessed a tremendous growth of wireless networks as well as the emergence of various kinds of devices (Personal Digital... Sample PDF
Mobility Protocols
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Chapter 43
Karim El Guemhioui
The information technology (IT) industry has been moving so fast that companies implementing complex distributed software solutions hardly complete... Sample PDF
Model-Driven Engineering of Distributed Applications
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Chapter 44
Antóniol Nogueira, Paulo Salvador, Rui Valadas, António Pacheco
This article addresses the use of Markovian models, based on discrete time MMPPs (dMMPPs), for modeling IP traffic. In order to describe the packet... Sample PDF
Modeling IP Traffic Behavior through Markovian Models
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Chapter 45
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas, Kostas Stamos
The heterogeneous network environment that Internet provides to real time applications as well as the lack of sufficient QoS (Quality of Service)... Sample PDF
Multicast of Multimedia Data
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Chapter 46
Kevin Curran
Mobile communications is a continually growing sector in industry and a wide variety of visual services such as video-on-demand have been created... Sample PDF
Multimedia for Mobile Devices
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Chapter 47
Nicola Scalabrino, Daniele Miorandi, Enrico Gregori, Imrich Chlamtac
The market for conventional first mile solutions (e.g., cable, fiber etc.) presents indeed high entrance barriers, and it is thus difficult for new... Sample PDF
Multimedia Internet Applications over WiMAX Networks: State-of-the-Art and Research Challenges
$37.50
Chapter 48
Yezid Donoso, Ramón Fabregat
To support QoS in today’s Internet, several new architecture models have been proposed (Striegel, A., & Manimaran, G. (2002)). Traffic engineering... Sample PDF
Network Optimization Using Evolutionary Algorithms in Multicast Transmission
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Chapter 49
Hongsik Choi, Seung S. Yang
Survivability is the ability of the network to withstand faults and attacks including equipment and link failures. The main goal of survivable... Sample PDF
Network Survivability in Optical Networks with IP Prospective
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Chapter 50
Gábor Hosszú, Zoltán Czirkos
As an example of the application for non-conventional purposes a security system is presented in the article that utilizes just the network for... Sample PDF
Network-Based Intrusion Detection
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Chapter 51
K. Daniel Wong, Ashutosh Dutta
The Internet is in some ways like the proverbial massive software project whose requirements keep changing, and which is never completed. When the... Sample PDF
Network-Layer Mobility Protocols for IPv6-Based Networks
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Chapter 52
Madjid Merabti, Paul Fergus, Omar Abuelma’atti
The Internet has revolutionised the way we access and disseminate information and changed the way we communicate with each other. More and more... Sample PDF
Networked Appliances and Home Networking: Internetworking the Home
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Chapter 53
Optical Burst Switching  (pages 375-382)
Kyriakos Vlachos
Switching in core optical networks is currently being performed using high-speed electronic or all-optical circuit switches. Switching with... Sample PDF
Optical Burst Switching
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Chapter 54
N. S.C. Correia, M. C.R. Medeiros
The telecommunications world is evolving dramatically toward challenging scenarios where the fast and efficient transportation of information is... Sample PDF
Optical Network Survivability
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Chapter 55
Huaqun Guo, Lek-Heng Ngoh, Wai-Choong Wong
In the age of multimedia and high-speed networks, there are many applications that involve sending information to a selective, usually large, number... Sample PDF
Optimizing Inter-Domain Internet Multicast
$37.50
Chapter 56
Sherali Zeadally, Farhan Siddiqui
In mobile computing environments; the goal is to provide continuous connectivity as a mobile host moves from one network to another – often referred... Sample PDF
Performance of Mobility Protocols
$37.50
Chapter 57
Shi Zhou
This chapter introduces a recently proposed Internet model, namely the positive-feedback preference (PFP) model (Zhou & Mondragón, 2004a). The model... Sample PDF
Positive-Feedback Preference Model of the Internet Topology
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Chapter 58
Stefanos Gritzalis, Costas Lambrinoudakis
Recent years have witnessed a significant evolution in the way information and communication systems are utilized, transforming modern communities... Sample PDF
Privacy in the Digital World
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Chapter 59
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas, Kostas Stamos
In order for advanced applications in modern computer networks to function satisfactorily, there is often the need for a guaranteed network... Sample PDF
Quality of Service and Service Level Agreements
$37.50
Chapter 60
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas, Kostas Stamos
IP networks are built around the idea of best effort networking, which makes no guarantees regarding the delivery, speed, and accuracy of the... Sample PDF
Quality of Service Architectures
$37.50
Chapter 61
Wayne Goodridge, Hadrian Peter, William Robertson
The pervasive use of the Internet, the world’s most extensive public communication system, for services ranging from academic research and e-mail to... Sample PDF
Quality of Service by Way of Path Selection Policy
$37.50
Chapter 62
Winston K.G. Seah, Hwee-Xian Tan
Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) form a class of multi-hop wireless networks that can easily be deployed on-the-fly. These are autonomous systems... Sample PDF
Quality of Service in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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Chapter 63
Marília Curado
Traditionally, Internet routing is achieved through shortest path protocols that base their decision on the number of hops or administrative... Sample PDF
Quality of Service Routing
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Chapter 64
Charalampos Patrikakis, P. Fafali, Pantelis N. Karamolegkos, Y. Despotopoulos, N. Minogiannis
During the last decade, multimedia streaming has experienced explosive growth. Adaptive video has become a necessity for meeting stringent QoS... Sample PDF
Rate Adaptation Mechanisms for Multimedia Streaming
$37.50
Chapter 65
Christos Bouras, Apostolos Gkamas, Dimitris Primpas, Kostas Stamos
Real-time protocols cover specific needs by applications with real-time characteristics. Real-time applications, such as voice over IP (VoIP)... Sample PDF
Real-Time Protocols (RTP/RTCP)
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Chapter 66
Shi Zhou
This chapter introduces a recently discovered structure of the Internet, namely the rich-club phenomenon (Zhou & Mondragón, 2004a). The significance... Sample PDF
Rich-Club Phenomenon of the Internet Topology
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Chapter 67
Rui Prior, Susana Sargento
Having its roots in the military ARPANET, conceived as a data transport network with a focus on resilience, the Internet supports only a best-effort... Sample PDF
Scalable Reservation-Based QoS Architecture (SRBQ)
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Chapter 68
David Rincón, Sebastià Sallent
The availability of good stochastic models of network traffic is the key to developing protocols and services. A precise statistical... Sample PDF
Scaling Properties of Network Traffic
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Chapter 69
Tonghong Li
Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are becoming popular due to the abundance of mobile devices, the speed and the convenience of deployment, and the... Sample PDF
Seamless Multi-Hop Handover in IPv6-Based Hybrid Wireless Networks
$37.50
Chapter 70
Kevin Curran, Elaine Smyth
On the surface, WLANs act the same as their wired counterparts, transporting data between network devices. However, there is one fundamental, and... Sample PDF
Security Issues with Wi-Fi Networks
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Chapter 71
The Semantic Web  (pages 505-511)
Kevin Curran, Gary Gumbleton
Tim Berners-Lee, director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), states that, “The Semantic Web is not a separate Web but an extension of the... Sample PDF
The Semantic Web
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Chapter 72
Livia Predoiu, Anna V. Zhdanova
On the current World Wide Web, most of the information is stored syntactically, i.e., only as data. The information that lies within the data can... Sample PDF
Semantic Web Languages and Ontologies
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Chapter 73
Dumitru Roman, Ioan Toma, Dieter Fensel
Service-oriented computing (SOC) is the new emerging paradigm for distributed computing, especially in the area of e-business and e-work processing... Sample PDF
Semantic Web Services: A Technology for Service-Oriented Computing
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Chapter 74
Adetola Oredope, Antonio Liotta
The IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) specifies a service centric framework for converged, all-IP networks. This promises to provide the long awaited... Sample PDF
Service Provisioning in the IP Multimedia Subsystem
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Chapter 75
Ilija Basicevic, Miroslav Popovic
With the appearance of the Internet as an important communications medium for widespread everyday use, which can be dated to the mid 90s, a need to... Sample PDF
Session Initiation Protocol
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Chapter 76
Sylvia Encheva, Sharil Tumin
Role-based access control (RBAC) is a security mechanism that can lower the cost and complexity of security administration for large networked... Sample PDF
Sharing Protected Web Resources
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Chapter 77
Milica Stojmenovic
This article studies social networks on the Internet created by popular applications such as e-mails, Web, chat, file sharing via peer-to-peer... Sample PDF
Social and P2P Networks on the Internet
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Chapter 78
Chia-Chu Chiang
Software maintenance is an inevitable process due to program evolution (Lehman & Belady, 1985). Adaptive maintenance (Schenidewind, 1987) is an... Sample PDF
Software Modernization of Legacy Systems for Web Services Interoperability
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Chapter 79
The Speech-Enabled Web  (pages 558-567)
L. E. Moser, P. M. Melliar-Smith
Speech recognition and synthesis technology has advanced to the point where the use of voice input and output is now feasible for Web-based... Sample PDF
The Speech-Enabled Web
$37.50
Chapter 80
Sergio Gutiérrez, Abelardo Pardo, Carlos Delgado Kloos
E-learning has evolved very rapidly in recent years, from a first stage in which a set of documents were simply made available to the students in an... Sample PDF
Standards in Asynchronous E-Learning Systems
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Chapter 81
Farhan Siddiqui, Sherali Zeadally
The proliferation of wired and wireless technologies has given rise to the possibility of multi-access options for mobile, multi-homed hosts.... Sample PDF
Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)
$37.50
Chapter 82
Jairo A. Gutiérrez
One of the keys for the success of ubiquitous network services is the issue of assigning prices to those services. Furthermore, ubiquitous services... Sample PDF
Survey: Pricing Ubiquitous Network Services
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Chapter 83
M. C.R. Medeiros, N. S.C. Correia
Internet protocol (IP) over optical (IP-over-optical) networks is the widely accepted solution to meet the ever increasing demands of IP traffic. In... Sample PDF
Survivability Mechanisms of Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching
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Chapter 84
Sergio Gutiérrez, Abelardo Pardo, Carlos Delgado Kloos
A swarm may be defined as a population of interacting elements that is able to optimize some global objective through collaborative search of a... Sample PDF
Swarm Intelligence Applications for the Internet
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Chapter 85
Kuen Park, Heejo Lee
People enjoy playing games for simple pleasure. Recently, since the emergence and advance of the computer technologies, especially in terms of... Sample PDF
A Taxonomy of Online Game Security
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Chapter 86
Agnieszka Chodorek
One of the most popular transport protocols—Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)—has a long history. The first document describing TCP protocol in... Sample PDF
TCP and TCP-Friendly Protocols
$37.50
Chapter 87
Bhaskar Sardar, Debashis Saha
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), the most popular transport layer communication protocol for the Internet, was originally designed for wired... Sample PDF
TCP Enhancements for Mobile Internet
$37.50
Chapter 88
Nelson Luís Saldanha da Fonseca, Neila Fernanda Michel
In response to a series of collapses due to congestion on the Internet in the mid-’80s, congestion control was added to the transmission control... Sample PDF
TCP for High-Speed Networks
$37.50
Chapter 89
Stamatis Karnouskos
As we move towards service-oriented complex infrastructures, what is needed, security, robustness, and intelligence distributed within the network.... Sample PDF
Towards Autonomic Infrastructures via Mobile Agents and Active Networks
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Chapter 90
Pankaj Kamthan
The last decade has seen remarkable changes in the way Web applications are developed and the services that are expected from them. The desire to... Sample PDF
Towards Formulation of Principles for Engineering Web Applications
$37.50
Chapter 91
Traffic Control  (pages 647-652)
Thomas M. Chen
Networks are designed to handle a certain amount of traffic with an acceptable level of network performance. Network performance will deteriorate if... Sample PDF
Traffic Control
$37.50
Chapter 92
Viet Hung Nguyen, Tülin Atmaca
Today’s telecommunication world is seeing dramatic changes in network infrastructures and services. These changes are mainly driven by the... Sample PDF
Transporting TDM Service on Metropolitan Bus-Based Optical Packet Switching Networks
$37.50
Chapter 93
Indranil Bose, Fong Man Chun
One of the hottest technologies these days is voice communication over packet-switched data networks. This is known as voice over Internet protocol... Sample PDF
Voice Over Internet Protocol: A New Paradigm in Voice Communication
$37.50
Chapter 94
Waking Up Sensor Networks  (pages 670-677)
Yew-Fai Wong, Trina Kok, Lek-Heng Ngoh, Wai-Choong Wong, Winston K.G. Seah
Our natural world is an environment that is highly changes may impact lives on a large scale, such as those caused by a Tsunami, global warming, or... Sample PDF
Waking Up Sensor Networks
$37.50
Chapter 95
Web Accessibility  (pages 678-683)
Gregory R. Gay, Paola Salomoni, Silvia Mirri
Technologies have been developed to make personal computers accessible to people with disabilities, important for promoting inclusion in everyday... Sample PDF
Web Accessibility
$37.50
Chapter 96
Henrik Hanke, Alf Neumann
The scale and scope of information on the Internet has been extended enormously over the past decade. The growth of more and more intelligent... Sample PDF
Web Mining: A Conceptual Overview on Intelligent Information Retrieval Systems
$37.50
Chapter 97
Web Services  (pages 690-695)
Kevin Curran, Padraig O’Kane
The term “Web services” was initially employed by Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft, at the Microsoft Professional Developers Conference in Orlando... Sample PDF
Web Services
$37.50
Chapter 98
Chad Lin, Helen Cripps, Yu-An Huang
The transaction of business via the Web is becoming an imperative for organizations aiming at improving their competitiveness. The Web-based... Sample PDF
Web-Based Commerce Applications: Adoption and Evaluation
$37.50
Chapter 99
Alaa Abdou, John Lewis, Moh’d A. Radaideh, Sameera Al Zarooni
This paper describes the development and construction of a Web-based system for the appraisal stage of public healthcare construction projects in... Sample PDF
Web-Based Information Systems in Construction Industry: A Case Study for Healthcare Projects
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Chapter 100
Wi-Fi Technology  (pages 711-716)
Antonios Alexiou, Dimitrios Antonellis, Christos Bouras
Wi-Fi, short for “wireless fidelity,” is a term for certain types of wireless local area network (WLAN) that use specifications in the 802.11... Sample PDF
Wi-Fi Technology
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About the Editors