Strategic Improvement of Non-Routine Services

Strategic Improvement of Non-Routine Services

Jay Ramanathan (Ohio State University, USA) and Rajiv Ramnath (Ohio State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-276-3.ch005
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Abstract

Organizations like the City are pressured to be more and more service oriented with fewer resources. The City has an expanding service area, fluctuating revenue, and a growing population that combine to place stress on existing response systems. The Mayor has instituted a “covenant” that includes a guiding principle that technology will be a key tool to achieve city objectives and improving service responses. To this end, the City consolidated its IT operations under Department of Technology (DoT) and began implementing a series of IT improvements. Looking to the future, the DoT wished to develop a plan more strategically aligned to the City departments that is DoT’s customer.
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Introduction

  • Plan: How can an IT strategic planning effort yield a business-oriented prioritized service portfolio with business benefits?

  • Act: How is the plan deployed and executed? How does the handling of non-routine Requests provide a strategic advantage? How can hierarchical organizations address the challenge of increasingly non-routine responses that demand networked solutions?

  • Monitor: What were the measured results?

  • Analyze: What strategic advantages did the organization achieve towards its mission?

What is the role of EA governance?

  • How was the Co-engineering method applied leading to the citizen-aligned IT strategic plan?

  • How was the triage-based assignment of agents (across organizations, applications, and processes) enable more dynamic adaptation to non-routine Requests and a networking of organizations?

Historically, strategic planning for the CIO has meant discerning the business’s strategy and then trying to achieve it. Today ... the CIO’s role cannot be reactive...The CIO has the capability to see where the basis for competition will be. That is not to say that CIOs should write their IT strategy independently and then attempt to force the business strategy to match it. Rather, the point is that both the business plan and the IT plan should be written collaboratively by the entire executive team, including the CIO.b

In the following sub-sections we cover how the ACE framework advances these ideas by a strategic planning and execution process. That is, how do we develop a strategic plan that defines and achieves a future state that can be fundamentally enabled by IT?

The illustrative Strategic Planning and Co-engineering of BioS is based on a major US City. The insights here are, at the same time, applicable to all types of private and public organizations that provide services.

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It-Enabled Strategic Planning And Execution

In this section we will illustrate the Co-engineering cycle starting with the Plan and Act step leading to the Monitor and Analyze steps in the next section.

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
Chapter 1
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
We begin with a characterization of service challenges and a conceptualization of a complex service enterprise as a collection of organizations and... Sample PDF
Characterization of Service Orientation and the Adaptive Complex Enterprise
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Chapter 2
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
The ACE structure for coordination across various services using policies to meet overall goals is presented here. The more detailed depiction of... Sample PDF
Adaptive Complex Enterprise Framework: Ontology, Modeling, Co-Engineering Principles, Work Products
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Chapter 3
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
Governance and related alignment methods for the management of complex systems are introduced here to facilitate and better decision making. The... Sample PDF
Governance and Conceptual, Logical and Installed Architecture Alignment Using Work Products and Workflow
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Chapter 4
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
The knowledge infrastructure for enterprise architecture presented here has a taxonomy of useful patterns and pattern applications illustrated in... Sample PDF
EA Knowledge for ACE Deployment
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Chapter 5
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
Organizations like the City are pressured to be more and more service oriented with fewer resources. The City has an expanding service area... Sample PDF
Strategic Improvement of Non-Routine Services
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Chapter 6
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
Vertical traceability along the internal value chain illustrated in Figure 1 below allows us to establish a charge back system for the use of IT... Sample PDF
Co-Engineering Business Need and IT Services
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Chapter 7
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
The ACE structure is not only used to create BioS goals and work products, but also to perform the analysis needed to prioritize improvement... Sample PDF
Co-Engineering IT Services for Lean Operations
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Chapter 8
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
There is consensus that explicit knowledge is information. In addition there is tacit knowledge that exists in the human minds. Tacit knowledge is... Sample PDF
Management, Monitoring, and Mining of Service Knowledge
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Chapter 9
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
We explore how different types of opportunities for Interaction improvement - innovation, effectiveness, and resilience can be identified. Our goal... Sample PDF
Relating IT to Service Innovation
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Chapter 10
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
The Adaptive Complex Enterprise framework presented provides a basis for integrating many related areas of research into a services discipline. We... Sample PDF
Research Topics in Complex Systems
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Appendix
Jay Ramanathan, Rajiv Ramnath
About the Authors