A Survey on Video Watermarking

A Survey on Video Watermarking

Shiguo Lian (France Telecom R&D (Orange Labs) Beijing, China)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-262-6.ch025
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Video watermarking technique embeds some information into videos by modifying video content slightly. The embedded information, named watermark, may be ownership information, customer information, integrity information, redundancy information, and so forth. Thus, this technique can be used for copyright protection, piracy tracing, content authentication, advertisement surveillance, error resilience, and so forth. In this chapter, we give an overview on video watermarking technology, including its architecture, performance requirement, typical algorithms, hot topics, and open issues.
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Watermarking is a technology with the aim of embedding information into carrier (image, video, audio, text, program, web, database, etc.), and related early work can be traced back as far as 1954. The last 10 years has seen considerable interest in digital video watermarking, due in large part to ever growing of digital video content everywhere and concerns on spreading of pirate programs.

A general video watermarking system, shown in Figure 1, is composed of three parts: watermarking embedding, attack channel and watermark detection. According to the structure, the message (watermarking) is embedded into the original signal under the control of the embedding key, which produces the watermarked signal. In transmission channel, the watermarked signal may be attacked or distorted. The attacks include cutting, rotation, scaling or translation, and so on. The distortion includes such signal processing operations as compression, filtering, adding noise, A/D, D/A, etc. Then, the test signal, including the attacked or distorted signal or an arbitrary signal, is detected under the control of detection key, which tells the detected watermark or the existence of the watermark.

Figure 1.

General watermarking system

Since it is still a technology in development, summarizing all its aspects is quite hard. In this chapter, we try to give an overview on video watermarking, briefly summarize its development, present its potential applications, give some performances requirements, present its research progress, and give the hot topics and open issues in research.

The rest of the chapter is arranged as follows. First, the brief history will be introduced in Section 2. The requirements and applications will be described in Section 3 and Section 4 respectively. In Section 5, the research achievements, including patent and paper publications, will be summarized. The typical attacks to video watermarking are given in Section 6. In Section 7, the ongoing work is presented. Hot topics and open issues are given in Section 8. Finally, some conclusions are drawn in Section 9.


Performance Requirement Of Video Watermarking

For video watermarking, some performances are required, both the ones same to image watermarking and its extra ones, such as security, robustness, transparency, oblivious, vindicability and efficiency.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Fragile Watermarking: The watermarking technology that makes the embedded information sensitive to any operations. This technology is suitable for content authentication.

Collusion Attack: The operations that combine several media copies together to produce a new copy. The operations include averaging, replacement, linear combination, etc. They are often used to break a video fingerprinting technology.

Semi-Fragile Watermarking: The watermarking technology that makes the embedded information survive such acceptable operations as compression, slight noising, filtering, A/D or D/A conversion, etc., while be sensitive to such tampering operations as cutting, rotation, shifting, etc. This technology is suitable for content authentication.

Authentication Watermarking: The watermarking technology that embeds the integrity information into multimedia content. By detecting the embedded information, whether the media content is tampered and even where it is tampered can be told.

Video Fingerprinting: The technology to embed unique information into video content with watermarking technology. The produced copy contains the unique information that can be used to trace the distributor.

Desynchronization Attack: The operations that change the media content in spatial domain, temporal domain or transformation domain while still keeping its usability. The operations include frame removing, frame insertion, frame replacement, picture rotation, picture shifting, etc. This technology is often used to break a watermarking technology.

Robust Watermarking: The watermarking technology that makes the embedded information survive such operations as compression, adding noise, filtering, A/D or D/A conversion, cutting, rotation, resizing, etc. This technology is suitable for ownership protection.

Video Watermarking: The technology to embed information into video content by modifying parts of video data. The produced video data are still usable, from which, the information can be detected or extracted.

Complete Chapter List

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Borko Furht
Shiguo Lian, Yan Zhang
Shiguo Lian, Yan Zhang
Chapter 1
Pramod A. Jamkhedkar, Gregory L. Heileman
Rights expression languages (RELs) form a central component of digital rights management (DRM) systems. The process of development of RELs... Sample PDF
Rights Expression Languages
Chapter 2
Deepali Brahmbhatt, Mark Stamp
This chapter presents a digital rights management (DRM) system designed for streaming media. A brief, general introduction to DRM is also provided... Sample PDF
Digital Rights Management for Streaming Media
Chapter 3
Jean-Henry Morin
This chapter introduces and discusses much needed alternatives to the traditional either/or debate on total security of secure multimedia... Sample PDF
Rethinking DRM Using Exception Management
Chapter 4
Mercè Serra Joan, Bert Greevenbosch, Anja Becker, Harald Fuchs
This chapter gives an overview of the Open Mobile AllianceTM Digital Rights Management (OMA DRM) standard, which allows for the secure distribution... Sample PDF
Overview of OMA Digital Rights Management
Chapter 5
Hugo Jonker, Sjouke Mauw
The use of Digital Rights Management (DRM) systems involves several stakeholders, such as the content provider, the license provider, and the user... Sample PDF
Discovering the Core Security Requirements of DRM Systems by Means of Objective Trees
Chapter 6
Pallavi Priyadarshini, Mark Stamp
Peer-to-peer (P2P) networks have proliferated and become ubiquitous. A school of thought has emerged that harnessing the established user-base and... Sample PDF
Digital Rights Management for Untrusted Peer-to-Peer Networks
Chapter 7
L. Badia, A. Erta, U. Malesci
Traditional analog video surveillance systems technology has recently become inadequate to face the massive demand of security systems consisting of... Sample PDF
Pervasive Video Surveillance Systems Over TCP/IP Networks
Chapter 8
Ramya Venkataramu, Mark Stamp
Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology is used to control access to copyrighted digital content. Apple employs a DRM system known as Fairplay in... Sample PDF
P2PTunes: A Peer-to-Peer Digital Rights Management System
Chapter 9
Nicolas Anciaux, Luc Bouganim, Philippe Pucheral
This chapter advocates the convergence between Access Control (AC) models, focusing on the granularity of sharing, and Digital Right Management... Sample PDF
A Hardware Approach for Trusted Access and Usage Control
Chapter 10
Ionut Florescu
Regarding fundamental protocols in cryptography, the Diffie-Hellman (Diffie and Hellman, 1976) public key exchange protocol is one of the oldest and... Sample PDF
A Summary of Recent and Old Results on the Security of the Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange Protocol in Finite Groups
Chapter 11
Guojun Wang, Yirong Wu, Geyong Min, Ronghua Shi
Secret sharing aims at distributing and sharing a secret among a group of participants efficiently. In this chapter, we propose a plane-based access... Sample PDF
Secret Sharing with k-Dimensional Access Structure
Chapter 12
Supavadee Aramvith, Rhandley D. Cajote
Presently, both wireless communications and multimedia communications have experienced unequaled rapid growth and commercial success. Building on... Sample PDF
Wireless Video Transmission
Chapter 13
M. Hassan Shirali-Shahreza, Mohammad Shirali-Shahreza
Establishing hidden communication is an important subject of discussion that has gained increasing importance recently, particularly with the... Sample PDF
A Survey of Information Hiding
Chapter 14
Fan Zhang
The digital multimedia, including text, image, graphics, audio, video, and so forth, has become a main way for information communication along with... Sample PDF
Digital Watermarking Capacity and Detection Error Rate
Chapter 15
Digital Watermarking  (pages 277-297)
Aidan Mooney
As Internet usage continues to grow, people are becoming more aware of the need to protect the display and presentation of digital documents.... Sample PDF
Digital Watermarking
Chapter 16
Pradeep K. Atrey, Abdulmotaleb El Saddik, Mohan Kankanhalli
Digital video authentication has been a topic of immense interest to researchers in the past few years. Authentication of a digital video refers to... Sample PDF
Digital Video Authentication
Chapter 17
Tieyan Li
The multimedia community is moving from monolithic applications to more flexible and scalable proliferate solutions. Security issues such as access... Sample PDF
Flexible Multimedia Stream Authentication
Chapter 18
K-G Stenborg
Media that is distributed digitally can be copied and redistributed illegally. Embedding an individual watermark in the media object for each... Sample PDF
Scalable Distribution of Watermarked Media
Chapter 19
Hafiz Malik
This chapter provides critical analysis of current state-of-the-art in steganography. First part of the this chapter provides the classification of... Sample PDF
Critical Analysis of Digital Steganography
Chapter 20
Esther Palomar, Juan M.E. Tapiador, Julio C. Hernandez-Castro, Arturo Ribagorda
Perhaps the most popular feature offered by Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks is the possibility of having several replicas of the same content... Sample PDF
Secure Content Distribution in Pure P2P
Chapter 21
Andreas U. Schmidt, Nicolai Kuntze
Security in the value creation chain hinges on many single components and their interrelations. Trusted Platforms open ways to fulfil the pertinent... Sample PDF
Trust in the Value-Creation Chain of Multimedia Goods
Chapter 22
Goo-Rak Kwon, Sung-Jea Ko
The objective of this chapter introduces an advanced encryption of MP3 and MPEG-4 coder with a quality degradation-based security model. For the MP3... Sample PDF
Copyright Protection of A/V Codec for Mobile Multimedia Devices
Chapter 23
Frank Y. Shih, Yi-Ta Wu
Steganography is the art of hiding secret data inside other innocent media file. Steganalysis is the process of detecting hidden data which are... Sample PDF
Digital Steganography Based on Genetic Algorithm
Chapter 24
Guangjie Liu, Shiguo Lian, Yuewei Dai, Zhiquan Wang
Image steganography is a common form of information hiding which embeds as many message bits into images and keep the introduced distortion... Sample PDF
Adaptive Image Steganography Based on Structural Similarity Metric
Chapter 25
Shiguo Lian
Video watermarking technique embeds some information into videos by modifying video content slightly. The embedded information, named watermark, may... Sample PDF
A Survey on Video Watermarking
Chapter 26
Minglei Liu, Ce Zhu
Digital watermarking is a useful and powerful tool for multimedia security such as copyright protection, tamper proofing and assessment, broadcast... Sample PDF
Multiple Description Coding with Application in Multimedia Watermarking
Chapter 27
Hsuan T. Chang, Chih-Chung Hsu
This chapter introduces a pioneer concept in which multiple images are simultaneously considered in the compression and secured distribution... Sample PDF
Fractal-Based Secured Multiple-Image Compression and Distribution
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