An empirical analysis was conducted to compare synchronous hybrid e-Learning environment with traditional classrooms. Empirical study with 165 students from eight colleges at a large public university was used. The results show (1) contrary to prior research students taking unfamiliar subjects online, in synchronous format, were satisfied; (2) no statistical difference was found in student satisfaction between synchronous online and traditional face-to-face formats; and (3) overall satisfaction, measured by intent to us the same format again, found no statistical difference between the two formats.
In this section we discuss the research background on hybrid e-Learning followed by how the six VLE dimensions differ when using synchronous VLE. We conclude this section with a discussion on the differences between synchronous and asynchronous VLEs.