Who Talks with Whom: Impact of Knowledge Sharing in the Value Network of Born Globals

Who Talks with Whom: Impact of Knowledge Sharing in the Value Network of Born Globals

Seppo J. Hänninen (Helsinki University of Technology, Finland), Pekka Stenholm (George Mason University, USA), T. J. Vapola (Helsinki School of Economics, Finland) and Ilkka Kauranen (Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 9
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-976-2.ch007
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Knowledge sharing has a strong effect on the success of the born globals. The objective of the chapter is to create a better understanding of the impact of knowledge sharing in the value network of born globals. The study builds on co-opetitive theory, which has its underpinnings in the cooperative game theory. The present study is based on 51 interviews within 31 companies that have participated in a technology program financed by an agency funding technology and innovation development. All the companies were small or medium-sized. In the study, correlations between having discussions with various stakeholders are analyzed. The tentative empirical results are in line with the essential nature of co-opetitive relationships in which various actors engage in knowledge sharing regardless of whether they are competing or not.
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The present chapter focuses on knowledge sharing in technology-intensive value networks of born global high-technology companies. Knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer have an effect on the success of the born globals (Levy, Loebbecke and Powell, 2003). In any value network, knowledge sharing with the partners is typical (Dyer and Nobeoka, 2000). However, it is very difficult to say which companies or other actors are not partners of a company. Competitors typically cooperate to standardize technologies but compete in other functions of the same business. For example, the GSM mobile technology standardization alliance consisted of such companies as Nokia, Siemens and Ericsson. These companies were fierce competitors in the GSM business as soon as the common GSM standard was approved.

Knowledge has two very different components: tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge. Tacit knowledge means such knowledge as skills, capabilities and feelings. Tacit knowledge is difficult to communicate and share. Explicit knowledge means measurable knowledge such as numeric data. (Nonaka and Takeuchi, 1995) The knowledge sharing literature defines knowledge sharing as an internal feature of a company (Adenfelt and Lagerström, 2006; Hansen, 1999; Makela, Kalla, and Piekkari, 2007). An important and common reason for limited knowledge sharing is that there is lack of trust among network partners (Abrams et al, 2003; Li, 2005; Ariño, Torre, and Ring, 2001). Knowledge transfer is a term the meaning of which is similar to the meaning of the term knowledge sharing. However, knowledge transfer has a wider meaning, which includes, in addition, for example the transfer of patents (Agrawal and Henderson, 2002).

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List of Reviewers
Table of Contents
Miltiadis D. Lytras, Robert D. Tennyson, Patricia Ordóñez de Pablos
Chapter 1
Gianluca Elia
Many classifications and taxonomies of knowledge management tools highlight mainly specific characteristics and features of a single tool, by... Sample PDF
A Knowledge Strategy Oriented Framework for Classifying Knowledge Management Tools
Chapter 2
Mohamed Amine Chatti
Recognizing that knowledge is a key asset for better performance and that knowledge is a human and social activity, building ecologies that foster... Sample PDF
Social Software for Bottom-Up Knowledge Networking and Community Building
Chapter 3
Kevin R. Parker, Joseph T. Chao
This chapter introduces wikis in the context of social software, focusing on their powerful information sharing and collaboration features. It... Sample PDF
Weaving a Knowledge Web with Wikis
Chapter 4
Marc Spaniol, Ralf Klamma, Yiwei Cao
The success of knowledge sharing heavily depends on the capabilities of an information system to reproduce the ongoing discourses within a... Sample PDF
Media Centric Knowledge Sharing on the Web 2.0
Chapter 5
Pascal Francq
The success of the Internet has launched McLuhan’s idea of the global village. Over the years, the Internet has become a real political medium which... Sample PDF
E-Democracy: The Social Software Perspective
Chapter 6
Mariano Corso, Antonella Martini, Alessandro Piva
This chapter focuses on the community and collaboration tools as means of creating business communities of practice (CoPs). First, the state-of-the... Sample PDF
Community and Collaboration Tools to Frame the New Working Environment: The Banking Industry Case
Chapter 7
Seppo J. Hänninen, Pekka Stenholm, T. J. Vapola, Ilkka Kauranen
Knowledge sharing has a strong effect on the success of the born globals. The objective of the chapter is to create a better understanding of the... Sample PDF
Who Talks with Whom: Impact of Knowledge Sharing in the Value Network of Born Globals
Chapter 8
Stefan Hrastinski
This chapter looks at the concept of sociograms that has great illustrative importance in some circumstances, especially for studying small... Sample PDF
Illustrating Knowledge Networks as Sociograms
Chapter 9
Marianna Vivitsou, Niki Lambropoulos, Sofia Papadimitriou, Alexandros Gkikas
Social web asynchronous communication environments provide the space for content creation, idea sharing and knowledge construction within a... Sample PDF
Web 2.0 Collaborative Learning Tool Dynamics
Chapter 10
Wendelin Kupers
Based on a phenomenological understanding of knowing and knowledge in organisation, this chapter aims to contribute to an integral perspective on... Sample PDF
Knowing in Organizations: Pheno-Practical Perspectives
Chapter 11
Ourania Petropoulou, Georgia Lazakidou, Symeon Retalis, Charalambos Vrasidas
here is a growing need for systematic evaluations of computer-supported collaborative learning environments. The present chapter focuses on the... Sample PDF
Evaluating the Learning Effectiveness of Collaborative Problem Solving in Computer-Mediated Settings
Chapter 12
Jeanette Lemmergaard
This chapter introduces inter-organizational knowledge acquisition and sharing as a means to facilitate benchlearning within the field of human... Sample PDF
Acquiring and Sharing Knowledge Through Inter-Organizational Benchlearning
Chapter 13
Max Senges, Marc Alier
his chapter discusses the potential of three dimensional virtual worlds as venue for constructivist learning communities. To reach a balanced answer... Sample PDF
Virtual Worlds as Environment for Learning Communities
Chapter 14
Bonnie F. Bryson
This chapter describes the development of a knowledge management-based website that serves a community of practice within a federal agency, the U.S.... Sample PDF
Corps of Engineers Natural Resources Management (NRM) Gateway: Communities “in” Practice
Chapter 15
Cynthia T. Small, Andrew P. Sage
This paper describes a complex adaptive systems (CAS)-based enterprise knowledge-sharing (KnS) model. The CAS-based enterprise KnS model consists of... Sample PDF
A Complex Adaptive Systems-Based Enterprise Knowledge Sharing Model
Chapter 16
Reinhard Bernsteiner
This article explores how social software tools can offer support for innovative learning methods and instructional design in general, and those... Sample PDF
Facilitating E-Learning with Social Software: Attitudes and Usage from the Student's Point of View
Chapter 17
Kuldip Kaur
An important dimension in education is interaction, that is, the coming together of a number of people to discuss, debate, and deliberate about... Sample PDF
Enlivening the Promise of Education: Building Collaborative Learning Communities Through Online Discussion
Chapter 18
Karlheinz Kautz
This article adds to the discussion on knowledge management (KM) by focusing on the process of knowledge sharing as a vital part of KM. The article... Sample PDF
Towards an Integrated Model of Knowledge Sharing in Software Development: Insights from a Case Study
Chapter 19
Ned Kock
Virtual worlds can be defined as technology-created virtual environments that incorporate representations of real world elements such as human... Sample PDF
E-Collaboration and E-Commerce in Virtual Worlds: The Potential of Second Life and World of Warcraft
Chapter 20
Peter H. Jones
Proponents of the resource-based view of strategic management have argued for processes that align organizational knowledge resources to business... Sample PDF
Socializing a Knowledge Strategy
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