This chapter provides a broad overview of federal civil rights laws that ensure equal opportunity and fair treatment to people with disabilities. These laws and regulations bring with them a wide range of rights and services, some of which translate to entitlements in the form of assistive technology services and devices. It is therefore important that those with disabilities, their family members, and individuals who support people with disabilities become familiar with these various laws and regulations. In addition to discussing technology and disability laws, regulations, and rights, Website URLs of the respective governing office, agency, or outside organization have been included, allowing this chapter to serve not only as a primer but also as a reference as well.
Laws And Regulations On Technology And Disabilities
A wide-range of laws and regulations exist to protect people with disabilities. Some of these laws and regulations, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, are better known than others, such as the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act Amendments of 1998. Although numerous laws and regulations exist, those found in this chapter were chosen for inclusion because they hold important relevance to those with special needs, particularly in the context of AT.
The laws and regulations found in this chapter are:
The Americans with Disabilities Act;
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act;
The Assistive Technology Act of 1998;
The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act Amendments of 1998; (f) the Fair Housing Act Amendments of 1988;
The Hearing Aid Compatibility Act of 1988;
The Television Decoder Circuitry Act of 1990, Section 3;
The Telecommunications Act of 1996;
Title III - Public Law 104-104 [47 USC 613]; and
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998. What follows is a discussion of each.