In this paper, technology-based learning has been described as adopted in the open-university system in India. Since open and distance education (DE) in India is offered at secondary, senior secondary, and higher levels, a current state for them has been spelt out. Since the main objective of this paper is to highlight various means of technology-based learning in the open-university system only, focus has been put on national and state open universities. This paper gives an overview of different technology-based learning components as are being used in various Indian open universities. Since Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) is the apex body in the field of distance education in India, it has been explained in greater detail, followed by what is adopted by state open universities because they follow the IGNOU model in most of their learning operations.