Towards a Semantic Web of Evidence-Based Medical Information

Towards a Semantic Web of Evidence-Based Medical Information

Rolf Grutter (University of St. Gallen, Switzerland), Claus Eikemeier (University of St. Gallen, Switzerland) and Johann Steurer (University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland)
Copyright: © 2002 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-930708-13-6.ch014
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

It is the vision of the protagonists of the Semantic Web to achieve “a set of connected applications for data on the Web in such a way as to form a consistent logical Web of data” (Berners-Lee, 1998, p. 1). Therefore, the Semantic Web approach develops languages for expressing information in a machine-processable form (“machine-understandable” in terms of the Semantic Web community). Particularly, the Resource Description Framework, RDF (Lassila & Swick, 1999), and RDF Schema, RDFS (Brickley & Guha, 2000), are considered as the foundations for the implementation of the Semantic Web. RDF provides a data model and a serialization language; RDFS a distinguished vocabulary to model class and property hierarchies and other basic schema primitives that can be referred to from RDF models, thereby allowing for the modeling of object models with cleanly defined semantics. The idea behind this approach is to provide a common minimal framework for the description of Web resources while allowing for application-specific extensions (Berners-Lee, 1998). Such extensions in terms of additional classes and/or properties must be documented in an application-specific schema. Application-specific schemata can be integrated into RDFS by the namespace mechanism (Bray, Hollander & Layman, 1999). Namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying element and attribute names used in RDF documents by associating them with namespaces identified by URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) references (Berners-Lee, Fielding, Irvine & Masinter, 1998).

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Table of Contents
Preface
Rolf Grütter
Chapter 1
Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva
Knowledge is the internal state of humans that results from the input and processing of information during learning and performing tasks. According... Sample PDF
The Concept of Knowledge Media: The Past and Future
$37.50
Chapter 2
Giordano Lanzola, Harold Boley
The present paper reports on our experience with applying RELFUN (Boley, 1999) to problems in distributed medical care. This application arose... Sample PDF
Experience with a Functional-Logic Multi-Agent Architecture for Medical Problem Solving
$37.50
Chapter 3
Harold Boley
The simplicity of Web-based data exchange is beneficial for nonformal, semiformal and formal documents. For formal specifications and programs the... Sample PDF
Cross-Fertilizing Logic Programming and XML for Knowledge Representation
$37.50
Chapter 4
Hans Rudolf Straub
EDP stands for electronic data processing. Data bear imminent information–but what kind of information? The question becomes particularly apparent... Sample PDF
Four Different Types of Classification Models
$37.50
Chapter 5
Markus Wagner
The main concern of healthcare management has ever been embodied by two conflicting goals. These are improving care quality while reducing care... Sample PDF
Towards Improved Representation and Communication of Pharmaceutical Expert Information
$37.50
Chapter 6
Epaminondas Kapetanios
A large part of all activities in healthcare deals with decision making regarding which examinations and tests need to be done or, on the basis of... Sample PDF
A Semantically Advanced Querying Methodology for Medical Knowledge and Decision Support
$37.50
Chapter 7
Konstantin Knorr, Susanne Rohrig
In healthcare a lot of data are generated that in turn will have to be accessed from several departments of a hospital. The information kept within... Sample PDF
Towards a Secure Web-Based Healthcare Application
$37.50
Chapter 8
Ulrich Ultes-Nitsche, Stephanie Teufel
In Holbein et al. (1997) and previous papers (Holbein & Teufel, 1995; Holbein et al., 1996), the concept of a context-dependent access control has... Sample PDF
Secure Internet Access to Medical Data
$37.50
Chapter 9
Allen F. Shaughnessy, David C. Slawson, Joachim E. Fischer
The days when newly graduated doctors were well equipped with the knowledge and information they would need during a lifetime are long since gone.... Sample PDF
Poems in the Information Jungle - How Do Physicians Survive?
$37.50
Chapter 10
Kahild S. Khan, Lucas M. Bachmann, Johann Steurer
The information base for healthcare is rapidly expanding. There are more than 20,000 biomedical journals. Approximately 17,000 new biomedical books... Sample PDF
The Medical Journal Club - A Tool for Knowledge Refinement and Transfer in Healthcare
$37.50
Chapter 11
Daniel L. Moody, Graeme G. Shanks
This paper describes a successful knowledge management project in one of Australia’s state health departments. The objective of the project was to... Sample PDF
Using On-Line Medical Knowledge to Support Evidence-Based Practice: A Case Study of a Successful Knowledge Management Project
$37.50
Chapter 12
Walter Fierz
To a large extent, medicine is an information-processing endeavor. It is all the more surprising, therefore, that computer technology has not yet... Sample PDF
Structured Content and Connectivity of Medical Information - The Medical Data Web
$37.50
Chapter 13
Steffen Staab, Michael Erdmann, Alexander Maedche, Stefan Decker
The development of the World Wide Web is about to mature from a technical platform that allows for the transportation of information from sources to... Sample PDF
An Extensible Approach for Modeling Ontologies in RDF(S)
$37.50
Chapter 14
Rolf Grutter, Claus Eikemeier, Johann Steurer
It is the vision of the protagonists of the Semantic Web to achieve “a set of connected applications for data on the Web in such a way as to form a... Sample PDF
Towards a Semantic Web of Evidence-Based Medical Information
$37.50
About the Authors