TREC and Interactive Track Environments

TREC and Interactive Track Environments

Iris Xie (University of Wisconsin, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 30
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-240-4.ch006
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Abstract

The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) is sponsored by three agencies—the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the U.S. Department of Defense, Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and the U.S. intelligence community’s Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA)—to promote text retrieval research based on large test collections. Overviews of TREC (Harman & Voorhees, 2006; Voorhees & Harman, 2005) and the TREC Web site (trec.nist. gov) have provided a comprehensive review of TREC conferences. This section is compiled based on these resources. TREC started in 1992 with 25 participating groups, including the leading text retrieval groups, to search two gigabytes of text. For each TREC, NIST offers a test collection and questions. Participating teams follow the guidelines, run the data on their own IR systems, and return the results to NIST. NIST evaluates the submitted results and organizes workshops for participants to discuss their experience and present results. By the end of 2005, 14 TREC conferences had been held.

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Iris Xie
Chapter 1
Iris Xie
There exist two approaches in IR system design and research: system-oriented and user-oriented. The system-oriented approach has played the dominant... Sample PDF
User-Oriented IR Research Approaches
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Chapter 2
Iris Xie
Online catalogs are types of interactive computer systems; they can also be called “interactive catalogs” because a user interacts with the computer... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in OPAC Environments
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Chapter 3
Iris Xie
The Internet has introduced the concept and capability of information retrieval to millions of users. There is an increasing growth in databases... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Online Database Environments
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Chapter 4
Iris Xie
Tim Berners-Lee wrote the initial proposal for the World Wide Web in 1989, and developed it online in 1991 by using a hypertext model (Berners-Lee... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Web Search Engine Environments
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Chapter 5
Iris Xie
For centuries, people have been used to printed materials. The emergence of the Internet brings dramatic changes to millions of people in terms of... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Digital Library Environments
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Chapter 6
Iris Xie
The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) is sponsored by three agencies—the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the U.S.... Sample PDF
TREC and Interactive Track Environments
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Chapter 7
Interactive IR Models  (pages 183-214)
Iris Xie
The nature of information retrieval (IR) is interaction. However, the traditional IR model only focuses on the comparison between user input and... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Models
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Chapter 8
Interactive IR Framework  (pages 215-262)
Iris Xie
Representation and comparison are usually considered the two core processes in traditional IR. Comparison is between two representations... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Framework
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Chapter 9
Iris Xie
In order to illustrate and validate the planned-situational interactive IR model, I conducted an empirical study. This study was a pilot of a... Sample PDF
Illustration and Validation of the Interactive IR Framework
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Chapter 10
Iris Xie
The planned-situational model of interactive IR not only clarifies some of the important issues of information retrieval but also sets up a... Sample PDF
Implications of the Planned-Situational Interactive IR Model
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Chapter 11
Iris Xie
The emergence of the Internet has allowed millions of people to use a variety of electronic information retrieval (IR) systems, such as digital... Sample PDF
Conclusions and Future Directions
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