Trust, Virtual Teams, and Grid Technology

Trust, Virtual Teams, and Grid Technology

Genoveffa Jeni Giambona (University of Reading, UK), Nicholas L.J. Silburn (Henley Business School, UK) and David W. Birchall (Henley Business School, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-364-7.ch007
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Abstract

This chapter focuses on the collaborative use of computing resources to support decision making in industry. Through the use of middleware for desktop grid computing, the idle CPU cycles available on existing computing resources can be harvested and used for speeding-up the execution of applications that have “non-trivial” processing requirements. This chapter focuses on the desktop grid middleware BOINC and Condor, and discusses the integration of commercial simulation software together with free-to-download grid middleware so as to offer competitive advantage to organizations that opt for this technology. It is expected that the low-intervention integration approach presented in this chapter (meaning no changes to source code required) will appeal to both simulation practitioners (as simulations can be executed faster, which in turn would mean that more replications and optimization are possible in the same amount of time) and management (as it can potentially increase the return on investment on existing resources).
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Background

Grid Technology

Grid technology, or Grid computing, is rooted in scientific research ranging from seismology to medicine and pharmaceuticals, to climate modelling (Smith, 2005). It was originally considered as a means of using under-utilised large scale computing resources to solve complex numerical problems (Foster & Kesselman, 1998).

Unsurprisingly, today Grid technology is a mix of computer technologies, softwares and protocols which, among other aspects, are concerned with “coordinated resource sharing and problem solving in dynamic, multi-institutional virtual organizations.” (Foster et al., 2001, p. 2). Foster (2002) reinforces the concepts of resource sharing and the “multi-institutional virtual organization” when he suggests that a Grid “integrates and coordinates resources and users that live within different control domains” which can include “different administrative units of the same company; or different companies” (2002, p. 1). Foster goes on to suggest two further central elements of a Grid: the use of “standard, open, general-purpose protocols and interfaces”; and the delivery of “nontrivial qualities of service.” (2002, pp. 1-2). This idea of quality of services is particularly relevant to trust as it covers such issues as resource availability, reliability, and security – issues which will be discussed more later on in this chapter.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Foreword
Mark Baker
Preface
Nik Bessis
Acknowledgment
Nik Bessis
Chapter 1
Enjie Liu, Xia Zhao, Gordon J. Clapworthy
At the heart of the Grid technology is the concept of resource sharing, which includes computers, storage and networks. Grid currently appears to be... Sample PDF
Building Service-Oriented Grid Applications
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Chapter 2
Giuseppe Andronico, Roberto Barbera, Marco Fargetta, Emidio Giorgio, Salvatore Marco, Diego Scardaci
Grid computing allows for the creation of e-infrastructures providing computational power and information storage capabilities needed both by... Sample PDF
Sustainable and Interoperable e-Infrastructures for Research and Business
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Chapter 3
Vassilikil Andronikou, Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Magdalini Kardara, Dimitrios Halkos, Theodora Varvarigou
The Grid has the potential to make a significant advance beyond the Internet, by turning it from a passive information medium into an active tool... Sample PDF
Scenarios of Next Generation Grid Applications in Collaborative EnvironmentsA Business-Technical Analysis
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Chapter 4
Gayathri Nadarajan, Areti Manataki, Yun-Heh Chen-Burger
The infrastructure of Grid is approaching maturity and can be used to enable the utilisation and sharing of large scale, remote data storages... Sample PDF
Semantics-Based Process Support for Grid Applications
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Chapter 5
Rogério Luís de Carvalho Costal, Pedro Furtado
The computational grid offers services for efficiently scheduling jobs on the grid, but for grid-enabled applications where data handling is a most... Sample PDF
Placement and Scheduling over Grid Warehouses
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Chapter 6
Navonil Mustafee, Simon J.E. Taylor
The computational grid offers services for efficiently scheduling jobs on the grid, but for grid-enabled applications where data handling is a most... Sample PDF
Leveraging Simulation Practice in Industry through use of Desktop Grid Middleware
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Chapter 7
Genoveffa Jeni Giambona, Nicholas L.J. Silburn, David W. Birchall
This chapter focuses on the collaborative use of computing resources to support decision making in industry. Through the use of middleware for... Sample PDF
Trust, Virtual Teams, and Grid Technology
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Chapter 8
Rob Smith, Rob Wilson
Flexible and remote working is becoming more and more widespread. In particular, virtual team working is growing rapidly. Although virtual teams... Sample PDF
The Socio-Technical Virtual Organisation
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Chapter 9
Marina Burakova-Lorgnier
A Virtual Organisation (VO) or Virtual Enterprise is a loosely-coupled group of collaborating organisations, acting to some extent as though they... Sample PDF
Modelling Trust–Control Dynamics for Grid-based Communities: A Shared Psychological Ownership Perspective
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Chapter 10
Lu Liu, Nick Antonopoulos
The aim of this chapter is to appreciate the need for and propose some thoughts on modelling trust–control dynamics for communities that use grid... Sample PDF
Small World Architecture for Building Effective Virtual Organisations
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Chapter 11
James Dooley, Andrea Zisman, George Spanoudakis
A Virtual Organisation in large-scale distributed systems is a set of individuals and/or institutions with some common purposes or interests that... Sample PDF
Runtime Service Discovery for Grid Applications
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Chapter 12
Nik Bessis
This chapter describes a framework to support runtime service discovery for Grid applications based on service discovery queries in both push and... Sample PDF
Model Architecture for a User Tailored Data Push Service in Data Grids
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Chapter 13
Eleana Asimakopoulou, Chimay J. Anumba, Bouchlaghem, Bouchlaghem
Much work is under way within the Grid technology community on issues associated with the development of services to foster collaboration via the... Sample PDF
Using Grid Technology for Maximizing Collaborative Emergency Response Decision Making
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Chapter 14
Ahmet Sayar, Geoffrey C. Fox, Marlon E. Pierce
Geographic information is critical for building disaster planning, crisis management, and early-warning systems. Decision making in geographic... Sample PDF
Unified Data Access/Query over Integrated Data-views for Decision Making in Geographic Information Systems
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About the Contributors