Unstructured Information as a Socio-Technical Dilemma

Unstructured Information as a Socio-Technical Dilemma

Lars-Erik Nilsson (Kristianstad University College, Sweden), Anders Eklöf (Kristianstad University College, Sweden) and Torgny Ottoson (Kristianstad University College, Sweden)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-970-0.ch031
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to illustrate how access to information through the implementation of digital information and communication technology challenges traditional school practices and introduces dilemmas about democracy, school development, ethics, information management and learning. Video data together with screen captures are used to present three cases where students try: to match questions to search expressions; to make decisions about whether sites can be visited; and how they make decisions about relevance and credibility. Data illustrate that information always appears to be unstructured to the students and that restructuring poses a socio technical dilemma involving appreciation of ideological and ethical nature.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Categorization: The term has been frequently used in etnomethodology, conversation analysis and other methods for analysing discourse and refers to the practice of sorting into collections and naming these collections common to human discourse. ?

Project management software: Project management software generally include provision of tools that support collaborative work on projects. Elaborated software of this kind would include features that allow users to plan, schedule, prioritize, and divide tasks, as well as communicating and storing information. Slim versions may include only support for storing, collecting and editing information in order to generate a report as in the case of Microsoft Encarta Researcher.

Source criticism: The term was developed in the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century as a method to separate sources that gave well founded knowledge from those that didn’t. Through critical examinations, by means of a set of criteria’s, you examine if the information is true or false, usable or useless in connection with the question you seek answer to. The set of criteria’s has changed and evolved as a result of new media forms and the growth of digitally distributed information.?Information literacy: The concept is usually seen as the generic ability to make well informed choices based on the critical evaluation of a wide range of information sources. There is a substantial commonality in identifying it as an individual generic skill both in science and political texts. Some say the concept includes an ability to find, control and evaluate information sources in order to create personal knowledge and use these wisely. Others argue that literacy cannot be separated from the domain specific socio- technical practices that give rise to them that is, information skills evolve in disciplinary and other contexts, and they are practiced by communities using appropriate technologies.

Affordance: The term refers to the fit between an animal’s capabilities and the environmental supports and opportunities. An affordance is a potentiality for action; in other words, an action that can potentially be performed by a specific organism in a specific environment.

Particularization: The term has been used to point to a need to reverse categorization. If categories can be built they can also be taken apart. Claims are constructed to support making sense of something as an exception to what is generally seen to be the case, such as for instance when an omission of a reference is described as an example of common knowledge rather then an example of plagiarism.

Information Literacy: The concept is usually seen as the generic ability to make well informed choices based on the critical evaluation of a wide range of information sources. There is a substantial commonality in identifying it as an individual generic skill both in science and political texts. Some say the concept includes an ability to find, control and evaluate information sources in order to create personal knowledge and use these wisely. Others argue that literacy cannot be separated from the domain specific socio- technical practices that give rise to them that is, information skills evolve in disciplinary and other contexts, and they are practiced by communities using appropriate technologies.

Dilemma: A social dilemma would imply a situation where a person decides between promoting his personal interest or according to collective interest. Some people use dilemma to describe a rhetorical construction where participants’ accounts frequently draw on opposing themes as part of there sense making process, in their construction of claims and in justifying and corroborating these. Categorization and particularisation are such opposing themes.

Socio-technical: Focus is on the influence of the technical on the social and vice versa yielding such perspectives as socio-technical mapping and actor network theory. The social and technical is seen as constantly interacting, shaping each other such as when social and technical elements are interwoven in discourse and used to support accounts. ?Affordance: The term refers to the fit between an animal’s capabilities and the environmental supports and opportunities. An affordance is a potentiality for action; in other words, an action that can potentially be performed by a specific organism in a specific environment.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Foreword
Thomas Hansson
Preface
Thomas Hansson
Acknowledgment
Thomas Hansson
Chapter 1
Abdul Azad
This chapter presents the development of a modular Internet-based laboratory facility using cutting edge technologies along with its implementation... Sample PDF
The Modular Design of an Internet-Based Laboratory
$37.50
Chapter 2
Carl Bagley
This chapter draws on the analysis and (re)presentation of qualitative research undertaken on a UK government project known as Sure Start, an... Sample PDF
Exploring Multimedia Performance in Educational Research
$37.50
Chapter 3
Mads Bo-Kristensen, Bente Meyer
This chapter focuses on the relationship between remediation and educational innovation in Information and Communications Technology- (ICT)... Sample PDF
Transformations of the Language Laboratory
$37.50
Chapter 4
Leena Hiltunen, Tommi Kärkkäinen
A topic-case driven methodology for a web course design and realization process is based on software engineering metaphors for capturing the... Sample PDF
A Topic-Case Driven Methodology for Web Course Design
$37.50
Chapter 5
Hamish Holewa
The chapter aims to document the challenges associated with the management of an international research program and to look at innovative... Sample PDF
New Paradigms: A Collaborative Web Based Research Tool
$37.50
Chapter 6
Jonas Ivarsson, Göran Karlsson
The overall aim of this chapter is to explore some of the pedagogical potentials, as well as limitations, of animations displaying complex... Sample PDF
Animations in Science Education
$37.50
Chapter 7
Andrew Kitchenham
This chapter outlines a recent study on 1:1 computing and teacher transformation. It begins with an introduction to the theoretical framework of... Sample PDF
One to One Computing and Teacher Transformation
$37.50
Chapter 8
Gennadiy Kuleshov
The use of web enhanced curriculum to teach and reinforce science concepts based on specific learning objectives has been a positive experience for... Sample PDF
Web Enhanced vs. Traditional Approach for a Science Course
$37.50
Chapter 9
José Luis Lalueza, Isabel Crespo, Marc Bria
Through a case study, we will exemplify how ICT can be used in a collaborative way to constitute the foundations of intercultural projects in local... Sample PDF
Microcultures, Local Communities, and Virtual Networks
$37.50
Chapter 10
Monica E. Nilsson
The aim of this chapter is to discuss digital storytelling in the context of education. Two questions guide the study: What is a digital story? What... Sample PDF
Digital Storytelling as a Tool in Education
$37.50
Chapter 11
Nancy Sardone, Roberta Devlin-Scherer
Today’s middle school students represent a generation growing up where digital tools abound and where using them for home and school is the norm.... Sample PDF
Multi-User Virtual Learning Environments in Education
$37.50
Chapter 12
Anne Bartlett-Bragg
This chapter proposes that social software can enable informal learning environments through collective learning networks and the fundamental social... Sample PDF
Pedagogical Practice for Learning with Social Software
$37.50
Chapter 13
Josianne Basque, Kim Dao, Julien Contamines
The goal of this chapter is to illustrate how the concept of authentic learning can be implemented in a web-based distance course. We present a... Sample PDF
Authentic E-Learning in a Virtual Scientific Conference
$37.50
Chapter 14
Albino Claudio Bosio, Guendaline Graffigna, Edoardo Lozza
Starting from a review of current dominant points of view about online focus groups, the authors outline the results of a research project in which... Sample PDF
Toward Theory and Technique for Online Focus Groups
$37.50
Chapter 15
Robert Dixon, Kathyrn Dixon
A longitudinal study of students in the Training and Development program at Curtin University of Technology has been undertaken in an attempt to... Sample PDF
Online Pedagogical Effectiveness in Adult Contexts
$37.50
Chapter 16
Leah Herner-Patnode, Hea-Jin Lee, Eun-ok Baek
The number of learning opportunities that are technology mediated (E-learning) is increasing as institutions of higher learning discover the value... Sample PDF
Reflective E-Learning Pedagogy
$37.50
Chapter 17
Louise Limberg, Mikael Alexandersson, Annika Lantz-Andersson
The purpose of this chapter is to present and discuss findings from a study of students’ information seeking and use for a learning assignment. The... Sample PDF
To be Lost and to be a Loser Through the Web
$37.50
Chapter 18
Heather Lotherington
Contemporary conceptualizations of literacy as socially and culturally situated practice must be framed in our digitally-mediated, glocalized... Sample PDF
Digital Epistemologies and Classroom Multiliteracies
$37.50
Chapter 19
John Paul Loucky
This chapter integrates important challenges of how to improve accessibility, readability and learnability of online content. It is concerned with... Sample PDF
Improving Online Readability and Information Literacy
$37.50
Chapter 20
Anoush Margaryan, Betty Collis
This paper focuses on tools and strategies to integrate the strengths of formal and informal learning in the corporate context via the use of... Sample PDF
Technology-Enhanced Learning in the Corporate Context
$37.50
Chapter 21
Robert J. McClelland
This work is concerned with the evolution of blended learning supports for university students in moving from early Virtual Learning Environment... Sample PDF
Virtual Learning Environment Blends
$37.50
Chapter 22
Kathryn Moyle, Robert Fitzgerald
An emerging trend in education research methods is to integrate digital technologies into the research process. Electronic focus groups represent... Sample PDF
Education Research with Electronic Focus Groups
$37.50
Chapter 23
Staffan Selander, Anna Åkerfeldt
School pedagogy is being questioned. Increasing migration as well as increasing access to information and new patterns of communication are... Sample PDF
Learning and Meaning Making in the Virtual Space
$37.50
Chapter 24
Thomas Hansson
Research into human behaviour have produced much innovative modelling, some respectable instrumentation, but little empirical theory-testing. This... Sample PDF
Communication and Relation Building in Social Systems
$37.50
Chapter 25
Agnes Kukulska-Hulme
Advancements in technology are a significant driving force in educational innovation, but a strong focus on technology means that human aspects and... Sample PDF
Human Factors and Innovation with Mobile Devices
$37.50
Chapter 26
Irit Kupferberg
This chapter presents and illustrates the theoretical and methodological frameworks of a discourse-oriented approach to the study of... Sample PDF
Self-Construction in Computer Mediated Discourse
$37.50
Chapter 27
Jeanette Lemmergaard, Damien Brigth, Christopher Gersbo-Møller, Tim Hansson
Through a case study based on a knowledge-sharing community of Danish plant growers, this chapter examines how an IT system can be designed to... Sample PDF
Design and Implementation of Trust Enabling Functions
$37.50
Chapter 28
Steve McRobb, Pat Jefferies, Bernd Carsten Stahl
In this chapter, a framework which models at a high level the interactions between technology, pedagogy and ethics is applied to the interpretation... Sample PDF
Lost in the Funhouse, is Anyone in Control?
$37.50
Chapter 29
Konrad Morgan, Madeleine Morgan
Since the inception of the Internet in the late 1960´s, technological advances in the field of Information Communications Technology (ICT) have... Sample PDF
Ethical Issues in Digital Information Technology
$37.50
Chapter 30
Olli Mäkinen
This chapter deals with the influence of mediation in different kinds of virtual environments, e.g. virtual conferences, e-learning platforms... Sample PDF
Philosophy of Web-Based Mediation
$37.50
Chapter 31
Lars-Erik Nilsson, Anders Eklöf, Torgny Ottoson
The purpose of this chapter is to illustrate how access to information through the implementation of digital information and communication... Sample PDF
Unstructured Information as a Socio-Technical Dilemma
$37.50
Chapter 32
Anders D. Olofsson, Ola J. Lindberg
The importance of incorporating an ethical perspective in the development of digital competence is discussed. It is argued that an ethical... Sample PDF
An Ethical Perspective on ICT in the Context of the Other
$37.50
Chapter 33
John Traxler
The increasing diversity, availability and functionality of mobile and wireless technologies over the last four or five years has accelerated the... Sample PDF
Mobile Learning in a Social, Ethical, and Legal Environment
$37.50
About the Contributors