The Use of the Internet by Terrorists and Its Impact Upon Electronic Commerce

The Use of the Internet by Terrorists and Its Impact Upon Electronic Commerce

Matthew Warren (Deakin University, Australia) and William Hutchinson (Edith Cowan University, Australia)
Copyright: © 2000 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-878289-76-6.ch022
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In the developed world, the influence of information systems can now be seen in most operational areas of business. A significant result of these advances is that organizations have become increasingly dependent upon the availability of systems and reliant upon the data that they hold. In recent years the Internet has grown from a solely military/academic network to one that can be used by business or individuals. In the years since the first WWW applications were developed, there has been an explosion in the global use of the Internet. With this growth has come an increasing usage of the medium by criminal and terrorist groups (Rathmell, 1997). The term terrorist or terrorism is a highly emotive term. Generally it is used to denote “revolutionaries who seek to use terror systematically to further their views or to govern a particular area” (Warren, 1998). ‘Cyber-terrorism’ is a different form of terrorism since physical systematic terror does not usually occur (although it can if it causes disruption to a critical system), but a widespread destruction of information resources can. The problem of defining the term ‘terrorist’ relates to the fact that a terrorist group could easily be perceived as a resistance group carrying out lawful or morally legitimate actions. In the context of the chapter the term cyber-terrorist/terrorism will refer to all terrorist/resistance groups in order to give a neutral perception of their activities and aims. Another new term related to the Information Society is ‘electronic commerce.’ The notion of ‘electronic commerce’ is proposed as a means of drawing together a wide range of business support services. It includes such elements as inter-organizational e-mail; on-line directories; trading support systems for commodities, products, customised products and custom-built goods and services; ordering and logistic support systems; settlement support systems; and management information and statistical reporting systems (Warren et al, 1999). Business around the world has become more of a target of cyber terrorism due to the fact that they are increasingly dependent upon information technology (Howard, 1997). Therefore there are many more high technology targets to prey upon. Increasingly in the future, businesses will use electronic commerce and on-line systems as a method of conducting trade. These on-line methods are very vulnerable to attacks. In a recent, informal survey of Australian IT managers (Hutchinson and Warren, 1999), 80% of replies said that their sites had never been attacked, 66% do not feel their competitors would attack their site, and 66% had no policy about dealing with an attack. This chapter will explain why and how cyber-terrorists attack these services. The aims of the chapter are to: • describe the background of cyber-terrorism; • describe what cyber-terrorism is; • describe the vulnerabilities of electronic commerce to cyber-terrorism; • discuss the future of electronic commerce and cyber-terrorism.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Syed Mahbubhur Rahman, Mahesh S. Raisinghani
Chapter 1
Mahesh S. Raisinghani
At the brink of the new millennium, in global economy and commerce, there has been a dramatic increase in the role of information technology in... Sample PDF
Electronic Commerce at the Dawn of the Third Millennium
Chapter 2
David Gordon, James E. Skibo
The selling of goods and services on the Internet has evolved from a hypothetical business concept into a thriving, multi-billion dollar industry... Sample PDF
Building E-Commerce From the Ground Up: A Study of the Retail Industry
Chapter 3
Robert B. Johnston
Many authors (Cunningham and Tynan, 1993; Dearing, 1990; Johnston, 1998; Rochester, 1989; Skagen, 1989; Swatman, 1993) now recognize that the... Sample PDF
Principles of Digitally Mediated Replenishment of Goods: Electronic Commerce and Supply Chain Reform
Chapter 4
Ronald M. Lee
This chapter introduces the concept of an electronic trade scenario as an aid to the management of (global) supply chains, and other forms of... Sample PDF
Electronic Trade Scenario for Global Supply Chains
Chapter 5
Charles Trappey, Amy Trappey, Thomas Gulledge, Rainer Sommer
Beginning in 1993, when the U.S. Federal Government proposed the “framework of electronic commerce (EC),” the call went out for the wide-scale... Sample PDF
Promoting Electronic Commerce in the Defense Industry
Chapter 6
Mohammed A. Quaddus
Diffusion is the process by which a new technology spreads in its usage among a population. This chapter analyses the diffusion process of one... Sample PDF
Diffusion of Electronic Commerce in Australia: A Preliminary Investigation
Chapter 7
Liaquat Hossain
This chapter examines the risk factors for firms investing in e-commerce or electronic commerce in New Zealand. The relationships between the intra... Sample PDF
Planning E-Strategies for New Zealand Firms: A CSF Framework for Investigating in E-Commerce Projects
Chapter 8
Andreas Mitrakas
Open EDI is a concept appropriate to address the needs of commercial business-to-business relationships in an open environment. While open EDI, an... Sample PDF
Electronic Commerce Contracting for Open EDI
Chapter 9
R. C. MacGregor, D. J. Bunker
Small/ medium enterprises (SMEs) represent a sizeable proportion of the GDP of most western economies. Not only are they the single largest employer... Sample PDF
EDI and Small/Medium Enterprises
Chapter 10
Rahul A. Sarker, Mahbubur Rahman Syed
Electronic data interchange (EDI) technology gives organizations an opportunity to exchange their information and messages electronically, instead... Sample PDF
Economics of EDI Investments
Chapter 11
Marium Fergusson
The Internet offers enormous potential as a means of communication, doing business and providing channels for service delivery. The most striking... Sample PDF
Internet Business Models for Government Agencies
Chapter 12
Joan Cooper, Lois Burgess
The commercialisation of the Internet has led to widespread usage of on-line services and being connected to the Internet has become a high priority... Sample PDF
A Model of Internet Commerce Adoption (Mica)
Chapter 13
Ly Fie Sugianto, Sen Sendjaya
Internet commerce has brought forward a new spectrum of business practice. It radically changes the way we do business. These changes have been... Sample PDF
E-Retailing: New Opportunities In Internet Commerce
Chapter 14
Thomas F. Stafford, Marla Royne Stafford
The purpose of this chapter is to explore theoretical background and previous research on new media uses and motivations as an avenue to... Sample PDF
Consumer Motivations for Commercial Web Site Use: Antecedents to Electronic Commerce
Chapter 15
Boon-Chye Lee
The payments system is a linchpin of the modern economy. Transactions involving non-cash payment for goods, services, or the transfer of asset... Sample PDF
The Retail Payments System and Internet Commerce
Chapter 16
Teoh Kok Poh, Sheng-Uei Guan
The introduction of smart card technology offers an alternative for user authentication and storage medium for data that require both high security... Sample PDF
Internet-enabled Smart Card Agent Environment and Applications
Chapter 17
Klaus Turowski
The Internet has created a tremendous opportunity to conduct business electronically. By this, innovative business concepts—such as virtual... Sample PDF
Supporting Innovative Competitive Strategies as Mass Customization by Pairing E-Commerce Techniques with Agent Technology
Chapter 18
Xun Yi, Chee Kheong Siew, Mahbubur Rahman Syed
Because electronic commerce provides customers with more convenient and more money-saving services than conventional trading, it has seen explosive... Sample PDF
Electronic Commerce Based on Software Agent
Chapter 19
Timothy K. Shih
The Internet changes our shopping style. With the growing popularity of Web browsers, electronic commerce (EC) has become a trend of next-generation... Sample PDF
A Mobile Agent Computation Model for Best Buy Searching
Chapter 20
Yang Yang, Sheng-Uei Guan
With the proliferation of Internet, electronic commerce (e-commerce) is beginning to take the center stage in the commerce world. Transactions via... Sample PDF
The Design and Architecture of a Secure Agent Transport Protocol for E-Commerce
Chapter 21
T. Deshani Rodrigo, Peter A. Stanski
E-commerce technologies are continually evolving, bringing about innovative developments and resultant benefits. Herein one such visionary path for... Sample PDF
The Evolving Future of Agent-Based Electronic Commerce
Chapter 22
Matthew Warren, William Hutchinson
In the developed world, the influence of information systems can now be seen in most operational areas of business. A significant result of these... Sample PDF
The Use of the Internet by Terrorists and Its Impact Upon Electronic Commerce
Chapter 23
Assafa Endeshaw
A great deal of uncertainty surrounds the impact of the continuing growth of electronic commerce (e-commerce) on existing law. While commercial law... Sample PDF
The Law vis-à-vis Electronic Commerce
Chapter 24
Severine Dusollier, Laetitia Rolin Jacquemyns
In the Communication on Electronic Commerce of 19971 , the European Commission stressed that “in order to allow electronic commerce operators to... Sample PDF
The Challenge of the Law to Electronic Commerce: The European Union Initiatives
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