User-Oriented IR Research Approaches

User-Oriented IR Research Approaches

Iris Xie (University of Wisconsin, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-240-4.ch001
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

There exist two approaches in IR system design and research: system-oriented and user-oriented. The system-oriented approach has played the dominant role in the design of IR systems in the past. Only in recent years have system designers begun to accept the need to take the human, socio-technical approach. They recognize that technically-oriented designs cannot satisfy user needs, and as a result, these designs have not succeeded in the market (Shackel, 1997). The traditional model of information retrieval as a match between a request or a query and a set of documents is no longer working. The emergence of the cognitive approach in IR signified a shift from document representation to the representation of the cognitive structure of users (Vakkari, 2003). The new concept is to consider the user as an essential component of the system (Beaulieu, 2000; Robertson & Hancock-Beaulieu, 1992). At the same time, Wilson (2000) also noted the shift from a system-centered approach to a person-centered approach accompanied by a shift from quantitative methods to qualitative methods.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Iris Xie
Chapter 1
Iris Xie
There exist two approaches in IR system design and research: system-oriented and user-oriented. The system-oriented approach has played the dominant... Sample PDF
User-Oriented IR Research Approaches
$37.50
Chapter 2
Iris Xie
Online catalogs are types of interactive computer systems; they can also be called “interactive catalogs” because a user interacts with the computer... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in OPAC Environments
$37.50
Chapter 3
Iris Xie
The Internet has introduced the concept and capability of information retrieval to millions of users. There is an increasing growth in databases... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Online Database Environments
$37.50
Chapter 4
Iris Xie
Tim Berners-Lee wrote the initial proposal for the World Wide Web in 1989, and developed it online in 1991 by using a hypertext model (Berners-Lee... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Web Search Engine Environments
$37.50
Chapter 5
Iris Xie
For centuries, people have been used to printed materials. The emergence of the Internet brings dramatic changes to millions of people in terms of... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Digital Library Environments
$37.50
Chapter 6
Iris Xie
The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) is sponsored by three agencies—the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the U.S.... Sample PDF
TREC and Interactive Track Environments
$37.50
Chapter 7
Interactive IR Models  (pages 183-214)
Iris Xie
The nature of information retrieval (IR) is interaction. However, the traditional IR model only focuses on the comparison between user input and... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Models
$37.50
Chapter 8
Interactive IR Framework  (pages 215-262)
Iris Xie
Representation and comparison are usually considered the two core processes in traditional IR. Comparison is between two representations... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Framework
$37.50
Chapter 9
Iris Xie
In order to illustrate and validate the planned-situational interactive IR model, I conducted an empirical study. This study was a pilot of a... Sample PDF
Illustration and Validation of the Interactive IR Framework
$37.50
Chapter 10
Iris Xie
The planned-situational model of interactive IR not only clarifies some of the important issues of information retrieval but also sets up a... Sample PDF
Implications of the Planned-Situational Interactive IR Model
$37.50
Chapter 11
Iris Xie
The emergence of the Internet has allowed millions of people to use a variety of electronic information retrieval (IR) systems, such as digital... Sample PDF
Conclusions and Future Directions
$37.50
About the Editor