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Using Carbons Emissions Management Solutions in Practice

Copyright © 2011. 11 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-834-6.ch033
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MLA

Tran, Vu Long. "Using Carbons Emissions Management Solutions in Practice." Handbook of Research on Green ICT: Technology, Business and Social Perspectives. IGI Global, 2011. 459-469. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-61692-834-6.ch033

APA

Tran, V. L. (2011). Using Carbons Emissions Management Solutions in Practice. In B. Unhelkar (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Green ICT: Technology, Business and Social Perspectives (pp. 459-469). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-61692-834-6.ch033

Chicago

Tran, Vu Long. "Using Carbons Emissions Management Solutions in Practice." In Handbook of Research on Green ICT: Technology, Business and Social Perspectives, ed. B. Unhelkar, 459-469 (2011), accessed October 26, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-61692-834-6.ch033

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Abstract

Carbon emissions and their impact on the overall climate are increasingly becoming a major issue and topic of discussion for individuals, organisations and Governments all over the world. Attempts are underway to bring about sustainable practices at all these levels. Information Technology (IT) can be viewed as major contributor of carbon emissions due to the large power requirements for running IT. While may be the case, IT can also be a means to facilitate the mitigation and reduction of carbon emissions by enabling organisations. These IT tools typically come in the form of Carbon Emission Management solutions (CEMS), custom-built spreadsheets, along with other customised varieties. Each can be implemented to support and address some of these challenges although they each pose challenges of their own. They are available that facilitate improved positioning and visibility for the organisations and to provide desired functionality, including:*Record, measure, monitor and forecast carbon emissions within the organisation, *Report and comply with the growing number of legislative requirements, *Participate in carbon trading more efficiency and effectively. These CEMS tools can allow organisations to have greater awareness and be able to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their current processes and procedures and meet carbon emission challenges. This chapter discusses the practical aspects of the use of such CEMS tools. This chapter first outlines the three categories of CEMS tools, followed by a comparative analysis of the various advantages and limitations of each of these tools. Finally, this chapter outlines the ways in which the CEMS software can be used in organisations. Challenges related to configuring and implementing the software is discussed from a practical viewpoint.
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Introduction

Carbon emissions and their impact on the overall climate is increasingly becoming a major issue and topic of discussion for individuals, organisations and Governments all over the world. Attempts are underway to bring about sustainable practices at all these levels. For business organisations, in particular, this brings about specific challenges in terms of understanding and complying with standards and regulations that are not only complex but are also continuously changing as new understandings and agreements come into place (e.g. the Copenhagen summit, Dec 2009).

Information Technology (IT) can be viewed as major contributor of carbon emissions due to the large power requirements for running IT such as IT equipment, including the data servers which also require specific buildings that need to be kept cool. Whilst this may be the case at times, i.e. running IT does add to carbon emissions, the savings made in relation to IT generally aren’t always as significant as the gains that can be made when IT is used to enable carbon emissions management and reduction initiatives within other areas of a business or industries. Particularly when IT is used at various points of business processes, procedures, and/or as a tool in a way that it will allow organisations to be better positioned to understand and manage their carbon emissions. (Foster 2009)

There are various processes, procedures and tools that do facilitate this improved positioning and visibility for the organisations and these include Carbon Emission Management solutions (CEMS), custom-built spreadsheets, along with other customised varieties. Each can be implemented to support and address some of these challenges although they do each pose challenges of their own.

Whilst they do face challenges, they can provide the ability to undertake the following:

  • Record, measure, monitor and forecast carbon emissions within the organisation

  • Report and comply with the growing number of legislative requirements

  • Participate in carbon trading more efficiency and effectively

These CEMS tools can allow organisations to have greater awareness and be able to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their current processes and procedures and meet carbon emission challenges. This chapter discusses the practical aspects of the use of such CEMS tools. This chapter first outlines the three categories of CEMS tools. This is followed by a comparative analysis of the various advantages and limitations of each of these tools. Finally, this report outlines the way in which the CEMS software can be used in organisations. Challenges related to configuring and implementing the software are discussed from a practical viewpoint.

This chapter is based on the author’s experience including the author’s work tenure with IT research firm Hydrasight and IT sustainability firm Connection Research, coupled with a short research project undertaken for his Master’s level study, conducted as part of the Australian Computer Society’s Computer Professional Education Program.

What Is Cems?

Carbon Emissions Management Emissions (CEMS) tools are, as defined by IT sustainability firm, Connection Research, as:

‘a specific application designed to measure and report on the carbon emissions of an organisation using a consistent, defensible and repeatable methodology.’ (Connection Research 2010 a)

Practical Use Of Cems Tools

There are various processes, procedures and tools that organisations can use that facilitate improved positioning and visibility on carbon emissions and these include Carbon Emission Management solutions (CEMS), custom-built spreadsheets, along with other customised varieties. Each can be implemented to support and address some of these challenges although they do each pose challenges of their own.

Whilst they do face challenges, they can provide the ability to undertake the following:

  • Record, measure, monitor and forecast carbon emissions within the organisation

  • Report and comply with the growing number of legislative requirements

  • Participate in carbon trading more efficiency and effectively

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Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Robin Eckermann
Preface
Bhuvan Unhelkar
Chapter 1
Michael Rosen, Tamar Krichevsky, Harsh Sharma
Companies with successful environmental and sustainability programs recognize the need for these programs to be enterprise-wide. Ad-hoc efforts are... Sample PDF
Strategies for a Sustainable Enterprise
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Chapter 2
Hui-Ling Wang, Aditya K. Ghose
The current business context, characterized by macro-economic incentives for carbon-mitigation, stringent environmental compliance constraints and... Sample PDF
Green Strategic Alignment: Aligning business Strategies with Sustainability Objectives
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Chapter 3
Adriana Beal
This chapter presents the role of business analysts in the green initiative of an organization. As corporations become more environmentally... Sample PDF
The Role of the Business Analyst in Green ICT
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Chapter 4
San Murugesan
IT is both a solution and a problem to environmental sustainability. Though IT significantly benefits us in many different ways and helps to address... Sample PDF
Strategies for Greening Enterprise IT: Creating Business Value and Contributing to Environmental Sustainability
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Chapter 5
Keith Sherringham, Bhuvan Unhelkar
The adoption of Green ICT by business is far more than just the acquisition of low-carbon emitting solutions, green hardware and implementing... Sample PDF
Strategic Business Trends in the Context of Green ICT
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Chapter 6
Bhuvan Unhelkar, Amit Tiwary
This chapter extends and applies the concepts of Business Intelligence (BI) within business to help improve its environmental performance. When BI... Sample PDF
Extending and Applying Business Intelligence and Customer Strategies for Green ICT
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Chapter 7
Daniel Younessi
Green ICT and environmental responsibility in business is not merely a ‘nice to have‘ or ‘feel good‘ concept; neither is it an issue of reluctant... Sample PDF
Sustainable Business Value
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Chapter 8
Yogesh Deshpande, Bhuvan Unhelkar
Green ICT is the study and practice of using computing resources efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment. It is a... Sample PDF
Information Systems for a Green Organisation
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Chapter 9
Graeme Philipson
Most user organizations are implementing Green ICT to some extent. Some have adopted a deliberate policy, others are implementing it piecemeal as... Sample PDF
A Comprehensive and Practical Green ICT Framework
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Chapter 10
Heemanshu Jain
This chapter discusses a Green IT implementation in an IT services company. Starting with a literature review on the current state of Green IT, this... Sample PDF
Green ICT Organizational Implementations and Workplace Relationships
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Chapter 11
Amit Goel, Amit Tiwary, Heinz Schmidt
Increasing resource consumption by business organizations is impacting the environment and resulting in changes to climatic patterns. The use of... Sample PDF
Approaches and Initiatives to Green IT Strategy in Business
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Chapter 12
Aditya K. Ghose, Graham Billiau
There is a global consensus on the need to reduce our collective carbon footprint. Improving the efficiency of how we use our infrastructure is... Sample PDF
The Optimizing WEB: A Green ICT Research Perspective
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Chapter 13
Ramesh Balachandran
The concept of Green ICT has been in consideration in almost all industrial sectors. The Telecommunication (Telco) sector in one such major area... Sample PDF
Business Processes Management for a Green Telecommunications Company
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Chapter 14
Bhuvan Unhelkar, Bharti Trivedi
An organization’s future increasingly depends on its environmental sustainability, so it is vital to equip present business architecture with a... Sample PDF
A Framework for Environmentally Responsible Business Strategies
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Chapter 15
Bharti Trivedi, Bhuvan Unhelkar
This chapter aims to investigate and expand the role of mobile technologies in an Environmentally Responsible Business Strategy (ERBS). An ERBS with... Sample PDF
Role of Mobile Technologies in an Environmentally Responsible Business Strategy
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Chapter 16
Walied Askarzai
Global warming and climate change are growing issues of concern for businesses, governments and individuals. This is so because business activities... Sample PDF
The Negative Impact of ICT Waste on Environment and Health
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Chapter 17
Ioakim Marmaridis, Bhuvan Unhelkar
Global competitiveness through advances in ICT is giving SMEs abilities that up until a few years ago were inconceivable. Along with increased... Sample PDF
Collaboration as a Key Enabler for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) Implementing Green ICT
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Chapter 18
Jay (Luv) M. Nathadwarawala, Khush M. Nathadwarawala
Emerging economies, becoming popular under the acronym of BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), are facing unique challenges related to... Sample PDF
Sustainable Business Initiatives in the Context of Emerging Economies
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Chapter 19
Krunal Kamani, Dhaval Kathiriya, Paresh Virparia, Pankaj Parsania
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become an irreplaceable component of practically every aspect of human activity with its impact... Sample PDF
Digital Green ICT: Enabling Eco-Efficiency and Eco-Innovation
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Chapter 20
Magda Hercheui
This chapter discusses the role of Green ICT in improving the management of information and knowledge about sustainability in order to promote... Sample PDF
Using Knowledge Management Tools in Fostering Green ICT Related Behavior Change
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Chapter 21
Otakar Cerba, Karel Charvat, Jan Jezek, Stepan Kafka
In the present world of information and communication technologies (ICT) “Green ICT” represents a topic of immense interest. The meaning, sense and... Sample PDF
Enhancing the Efficiency of ICT by Spatial Data Interoperability
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Chapter 22
Dilupa Ranatunga, Rasika Withanage, Dinesh Arunatileka
An important factor in green ICT challenges is to reduce the creation and emission of green house gases by all means. This chapter is concentrating... Sample PDF
Infrastructure Sharing & Renewable Energy Use In Telecommunication Industry for Sustainable Development
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Chapter 23
Ishan Bhalla, Kamlesh Chaudhary
Traffic Management System (TMS) is a possible implementation of a Green IT application. It can have direct impact on reducing the greenhouse gases.... Sample PDF
Applying Service Oriented Architecture and Cloud Computing for a Greener Traffic Management
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Chapter 24
Jeffrey Phuah
This chapter discusses the Green ICT approach of an Australian Rules football club. In the role of their IT Manager, I had the opportunity to... Sample PDF
An Australian Rules Football Club Approach To Green ICT
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Chapter 25
Amit Lingarchani
Pervasive mobile services are part of almost all business processes. These services are provided irrespective of location, time and place using... Sample PDF
Environmental Challenges in Mobile Services
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Chapter 26
Jungwoo Ryoo, Young Choi
Due to increased awareness of human’s adverse effect on the environment, many new technologies to mitigate the environmental damage are under... Sample PDF
A Taxonomy of Green Information and Communication Protocols and Standards
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Chapter 27
Ekata Mehul, Rahul Shah
Currently, there are global efforts being made for energy saving. Lot of efforts are being done exploring the generation of alternative resources of... Sample PDF
Energy Management System Using Wireless Sensor Network
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Chapter 28
Sargam Parmar, Bhuvan Unhelkar
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the most important gases in the atmosphere, and is necessary for sustaining life on Earth. However, it is also a... Sample PDF
Exploratory Analysis of Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Time Series Using Independent Component Analysis
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Chapter 29
Somesh Rajain, Chetan Shingala, Ekata Mehul
The large emission of Carbon dioxide (CO2) is not only affecting our ecology but also affecting human life. In schools, offices, factory and crowded... Sample PDF
Green Semicondoctor Design Techniques and Challanges
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Chapter 30
Graeme Philipson, Pete Foster, John Brand
Carbon Emission Management Software (CEMS) is a new category of software that helps organizations manage and report on their carbon dioxide and... Sample PDF
Carbon Emissions Management Software (CEMS): A New Global Industry
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Chapter 31
Kinjal Ramaiya, Vivek Shrinivasan, Siddhartha Bhargava
Green ICT systems provide the technological basis for organizations to adopt and implement Green ICT policies and practices. This system support can... Sample PDF
Architecture, Design and Development of a Green ICT System
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Chapter 32
Dave Curtis, Amit Lingarchani
This chapter introduces the concept of using Enterprise Architecture and associated practices as a method for helping establish and align Green ICT... Sample PDF
Green ICT System Architecture Frameworks
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Chapter 33
Vu Long Tran
Carbon emissions and their impact on the overall climate are increasingly becoming a major issue and topic of discussion for individuals... Sample PDF
Using Carbons Emissions Management Solutions in Practice
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Chapter 34
Nina Godbole
Healthcare is a rapidly growing domain covering wide areas of business activities including those in hospitals, pharmacies, insurance, health... Sample PDF
Green Health: The Green IT Implications for Healthcare & Related Businesses
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Chapter 35
Nina Godbole
Electronic Waste (e-Waste) is a major concern given the negative effects it creates on our environment. Huge quantities of e-Waste are generated... Sample PDF
E-Waste Management: Challenges and Issues
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Chapter 36
Aditya Bates
There are changes underway in the world energy and power systems because of climate change, which will result in smart and intelligent... Sample PDF
Smart Software Applications for a Low Carbon Economy
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Chapter 37
Kaushal Buch, Rahul Dubey, Saket Buch
The last two decades have seen an exponential growth in the fields of electronic communication and information technology. Not surprisingly, ICT... Sample PDF
Low Power Techniques for Greener Hardware
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Chapter 38
Bhuvan Unhelkar, Yi-Chen Lan
Green Integrated Supply Chain Management (GISCM) brings together various stakeholders in the supply chain within and outside the organization to... Sample PDF
Integrating Green ICT in a Supply Chain Management System
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Chapter 39
Mohammed Maharmeh, Zahra Saeed
This chapter presents the use of Composite Process Framework for Green ICT Applications Development. This framework for software development, as its... Sample PDF
Application of a Composite Process Framework for Managing Green ICT Applications Development
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Chapter 40
Amit Goel, Amit Tiwary, Heinz Schmidt
Green ICT Practices fall in two different extremes of either only recommendations to reduce the resource usage such as electricity, or high level... Sample PDF
Green ICT and Architectural Frameworks
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Chapter 41
Saugato Mukerji, Aditya K. Ghose
Green ICT is a lot more than efficient air-conditioning of data centers and switching off monitors and desktop PCs. ICT has the ability to give rise... Sample PDF
Supply Chain Optimization Audit (SCOA) for Green ICT Opportunities
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Chapter 42
Deepa Gheewala, Vivek Gheewala
Green ICT can be considered as the adoption of eco-friendly processes by an organization in its practice of Information and Communication... Sample PDF
Understanding the Context of Green ICT
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Chapter 43
Alok Pradhan
The implementation of a Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) at the wide scale expected by the Australian government within the next 5 years... Sample PDF
Standards and Legislation for the Carbon Economy
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Chapter 44
Marco Garito
The debate over green ICT has been triggered by media during the climate change summit in Kyoto in 2007. This was when the industry tried to build... Sample PDF
Balancing Green ICT Business Development with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
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Chapter 45
Alessia D’Andrea, Fernando Ferri, Patrizia Grifoni
There is a growing need to collaborate at national and European level for solutions connected with risks and problems due to climate changes. This... Sample PDF
CAMCE: A Framework for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
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Chapter 46
Tagelsir Mohamed Gasmelseid
The emphasis on climate changes and their consequences is moving to the front line agenda of government agencies, business organizations, industry... Sample PDF
Decision Criteria for Green Management Information Systems
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Chapter 47
Subramanian Chitra
Information Communication Technology (ICT) is playing an increasingly important role in professional and private lives worldwide and is thus also... Sample PDF
Adopting Green ICT in Business
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Key Terms in this Chapter

SME: Small-medium enterprises are organisations with a small number of employees, generally from 20-250 employees.

NGERS: The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (the NGER Act) introduced a national framework for the reporting and dissemination of information about the greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gas projects, and energy use and production of corporations

CEMS: Carbon Emission Management solutions are software tools that are designed to record, measure, monitor, forecast and/or report on carbon emissions

ROI: Return-on-investment is the amount of return, generally in tangible terms on an investment made.

NABERS: National Australian Built Environment Rating System is a performance-based rating system for existing buildings.

GHG: The emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG), often carbon emissions

SaaS: Software-as-a-Service is a software distribution model in which applications are hosted by a vendor or service provider and made available to customers over the Internet.