Ways to View the World: A Standard Ontology as the Reality Framework and the World Code

Ways to View the World: A Standard Ontology as the Reality Framework and the World Code

Azamat Abdoullaev (EIS Encyclopedic Intelligent Systems Ltd, Cyprus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-966-3.ch002
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Abstract

As a general science of the universe dealing with the most universal truths about all existence, an account of what there is in the world and the study of reality with its content, ontology has long had a critical import only for a small set of professionals. For the majority of researchers, not mentioning the non-committed people, it has been the realm of the occult, an esoteric domain of discourse, the region of most abstract reasoning, or the sphere of philosophical opinion. Today the field is rapidly increasing its audience and practical value. Maybe only a few people will call into question the importance of world models for such advanced knowledge domains as information sciences and computing technology. Increasingly, the universal science is identified with the life and soul of knowledge technologies and intelligent systems. The search for the world description standard as an exhaustive theoretical account and model of generic entities is becoming a research activity promising unprecedented advancements in the new cross area of science and technology. Particularly, this is important for creating knowledge systems of extraordinary performance, such as the emerging Semantic Web, implying the entire gamut of novel applications: knowledge management, intelligent databases, conceptual/semantic search and retrieval, software agents, speech and natural language understanding, e-commerce, and ubiquitous computing (Semantic Web Topic Hierarchy, 2007; Semantic Web Technology, 2007). Considering these design purposes, there are several technical requirements for building an ontology standard: expressivity, efficiency, scalability, compatibility, extensibility, and relative simplicity. But the most significant prerequisite appears to be its consistency with existent commonsense models of the world and scientific learning.

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Azamat Abdoullaev
Today, computers anchored to electronic measuring devices, transducers, and telemetric systems are increasingly transforming into worldwide... Sample PDF
Introduction: Toward the Intelligent Civilization of Ontological Technology
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Chapter 2
Azamat Abdoullaev
As a general science of the universe dealing with the most universal truths about all existence, an account of what there is in the world and the... Sample PDF
Ways to View the World: A Standard Ontology as the Reality Framework and the World Code
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Chapter 3
Azamat Abdoullaev
Formalizing the world in rigorous mathematical terms is no less significant than its fundamental understanding and modeling in terms of ontological... Sample PDF
The World Code: Mathematical Ontology as the Real Road to Reality
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Chapter 4
Azamat Abdoullaev
The ultimate purpose of standard ontology is to describe and represent all the things in the world in comprehensive and consistent ways, whereby... Sample PDF
What Makes Reality: Ontological Classes and Rules
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Chapter 5
Azamat Abdoullaev
To model reality by mapping its content to computable forms, we need to know how to represent the first-class entities of any existence... Sample PDF
What Orders Reality: Relationship, Relatives, and Relations
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Chapter 6
Azamat Abdoullaev
Relationship as a primary constituent of reality setting a mutual order of things in the world commonly involves a large number of the terms or... Sample PDF
What Organizes the World: N-Relational Entities
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Chapter 7
Azamat Abdoullaev
The world or reality is the totality of things diversified into a multitude of collections of subworlds with the characteristic constraints and... Sample PDF
What Determines the World: Causality as the Life-or-Death Relationship
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Chapter 8
Azamat Abdoullaev
Along with substances of all kinds, states of all manner, and changes of all types and exemplifications, relationships of all sorts and instances... Sample PDF
How to Reason about the World: The Common Reasoning Platform
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Chapter 9
Azamat Abdoullaev
How reality or the world with its parts and levels might be truly symbolized and represented by emerging semantic technology and knowledge systems... Sample PDF
How the World is Signified: Real World Semantics, or What Meaning Relation is
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Chapter 10
Azamat Abdoullaev
As far as human knowledge about the world is commonly given in NL expressions and as far as universal ontology is a general science of the world... Sample PDF
How to Represent the World: Ontology-Controlled Natural Languages
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Chapter 11
Azamat Abdoullaev
Of all possible intelligent NL applications and semantic artifacts, a special value is today ascribed to building the question answering systems... Sample PDF
Natural Language Intelligences: The Virtual or Digital Aristotle
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Chapter 12
Azamat Abdoullaev
Like in the human mind marked by rationality, goals, and purposeful actions, knowledge in advanced computer systems and intelligent agents is... Sample PDF
The Knowledge Society Applications: The RRR Language Machines
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Chapter 13
Azamat Abdoullaev
The urgent necessity of a true knowledge society is mainly caused by the fact that the natural unity of world knowledge is badly destroyed by the... Sample PDF
Reality Classification System: A Product Line of the EIS UFO
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About the Author