Traditionally, a bibliography is regarded as a list of printed resources (books, articles, reports, etc.) on a given subject or topic for further study or reference purpose (Alred, Brusaw, & Oliu, 2006; Lamb, 2006). According to the Micropaedia (1990), the bibliography refers to “study and description of books.” It is either the listing of books according to some system (enumerative or descriptive bibliography) or the study of books as tangible objects (analytical or critical bibliography). The term webliography is commonly used when discussing online resources. Although there is no clear agreement among educators regarding the origin of this term, many tend to believe that the term webliography was coined by the libraries at Louisiana State University to describe their list of favorite Web sites. It is referred to as “Web bibliography.” Accordingly, a webliography is a list of resources that can be accessed on the World Wide Web, relating to a particular topic or can be referred to in a scholarly work. A variety of studies suggest that understanding and developing webliographies, which relate to locate, evaluate, organize, and use effectively the needed online resources, are essential for information literacy and technology integration.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Information Literacy: It refers to a constellation of skills revolving around information research and use. According to the Final Report of the American Library Association Presidential Committee on Information Literacy (1989 AU14: The in-text citation "Information Literacy (1989" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ), the information literate person is, “able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use it effectively.” (Retrieved March 25, 2007, from http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/whitepapers/presidential.htm )
Weblog/Blog: It refers to a Web site where entries that an author created are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order. It allows an author to publish instantly to the Internet from any Internet connection.
Information Pollution/Overload: It refers to the state of having too much information to make a decision or remain informed about a topic. According to Jakob Nielsen, “Excessive word count and worthless details are making it harder for people to extract useful information. The more you say, the more people tune out your message.” (Retrieved March 25, 2007, from http://www.useit.com/alertbox/20030811.html ) K-12: It refers primary education and secondary education in North America, from Kindergarten level to the 12 th grade.
Search Engine: It refers to an information retrieval system to retrieve a list of items that match specific criteria (key word or phrase). Usually it refers to a Web search engine that searches for information on the public Web.
Information Anxiety: It refers to the stress caused by the inability to access or understand the needed information. It is caused by information overload, lack of clear organization to information, insufficient information, excessively difficult presentation of information, and so forth. (Retrieved March 25, 2007, from http://www.usabilityfirst.com/glossary/term_787.txl )
Technology Integration: It refers to describe effective uses of technology by teachers and students for teaching and learning in content areas.
Annotated Bibliography: It refers to an alphabetical list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc.). In addition to bibliographic data, an annotated bibliography usually includes a concise summary and evaluation of each source.