A Wireless Mesh Network Platform for Vehicle Positioning and Location Tracking

A Wireless Mesh Network Platform for Vehicle Positioning and Location Tracking

Mohamed EL-Darieby (University of Regina, Canada), Hazem Ahmed (University of Regina, Canada), Mahmoud Halfawy (National Research Council NRC-CSIR, Canada), Ahmed Amer (Zagazig University, Egypt) and Baher Abdulhai (Toronto Intelligent Transportation Systems Centre, Dept. of Civil Eng)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-396-8.ch017
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Large urban areas in North America as well as many other parts of the world are experiencing unprecedented and soaring congestion problems. It is imperative that modern societies upgrade their transportation systems in order to remain competitive, and maintain the high quality of life and social wellbeing. Current practices in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) data gathering are dominated by the use of point detectors for surveillance, and wire-line communication networks for data transmission. Reliance on point detectors is losing appeal due to detector reliability issues, the cost of building and maintaining detector networks, and potential traffic disruption during construction and maintenance of these networks. This chapter describes a novel wireless mesh network platform for traffic monitoring. The platform uses traveling cars as data collection probes and uses wireless municipal mesh networks to transport sensed data. The platform assumes that cars or drivers’ mobile devices are equipped with the widely adopted low-cost Bluetooth wireless technology. Field trials of the proposed platform demonstrated its capability to track cars traveling at speeds of 0 to 70 km/hour. The platform was able to track cars as they travel and turn on a typical road network. In addition, the platform was used to approximate car speeds through determining the change in position in a time period. The preliminary results indicated an accuracy of ± 10%- 15%. The chapter describes the architecture, implementation, and field-testing of the proposed platform. It also discusses aspects of large-scale deployment of the proposed platform to cover large geographic areas.

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List of Reviewers
Table of Contents
Guoqiang Mao, Baris Fidan
Guoqiang Mao, Baris Fidan
Chapter 1
Guoqiang Mao, Baris Fidan
Localization is an important aspect in the field of wireless sensor networks that has attracted significant research interest recently. The interest... Sample PDF
Introduction to Wireless Sensor Network Localization
Chapter 2
Fredrik Gustafsson, Fredrik Gunnarsson
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) localization relies on measurements. Availability of, and the information content in, these measurements depend on... Sample PDF
Measurements Used in Wireless Sensor Networks Localization
Chapter 3
Ferit Ozan Akgul, Mohammad Heidari, Nayef Alsindi, Kaveh Pahlavan
This chapter discusses localization in WSNs specifically focusing on the physical limitations imposed by the wireless channel. Location awareness... Sample PDF
Localization Algorithms and Strategies for Wireless Sensor Networks: Monitoring and Surveillance Techniques for Target Tracking
Chapter 4
Steven Lanzisera, Kristofer S.J. Pister
Localization or geolocation of wireless sensors usually requires accurate estimates of the distance between nodes in the network. RF ranging... Sample PDF
RF Ranging Methods and Performance Limits for Sensor Localization
Chapter 5
Neal Patwari, Piyush Agrawal
A number of practical issues are involved in the use of measured received signal strength (RSS) for purposes of localization. This chapter focuses... Sample PDF
Calibration and Measurement of Signal Strength for Sensor Localization
Chapter 6
Bill Jackson, Tibor Jordán
In the network localization problem the goal is to determine the location of all nodes by using only partial information on the pairwise distances... Sample PDF
Graph Theoretic Techniques in the Analysis of Uniquely Localizable Sensor Networks
Chapter 7
Jia Fang, Dominique Duncan, A. Stephen Morse
The sensor network localization problem with distance information is to determine the positions of all sensors in a network given the positions of... Sample PDF
Sequential Localization with Inaccurate Measurements
Chapter 8
MDS-Based Localization  (pages 198-229)
Ahmed A. Ahmed, Xiaoli Li, Yi Shang, Hongchi Shi
The authors present several network node localization methods that are based on multidimensional scaling (MDS) techniques. Four algorithms are... Sample PDF
MDS-Based Localization
Chapter 9
Saikat Ray, Wei Lai, Dong Guo, Ioannis Ch. Paschalidis
The authors present a unified stochastic localization approach that allows a wireless sensor network to determine the physical locations of its... Sample PDF
Statistical Location Detection
Chapter 10
A. S. Krishnakumar, P. Krishnan
In this chapter, the authors concentrate on signal strength-based localization in indoor wireless networks, with emphasis on 802.11 networks. The... Sample PDF
Theory and Practice of Signal Strength-Based Localization in Indoor Environments
Chapter 11
Eiman Elnahrawy, Richard P. Martin
This chapter discusses radio-based positioning. It surveys and compares several received signal strength localization approaches from two broad... Sample PDF
Theory and Practice of Signal Strength-Based Localization in Indoor Environments
Chapter 12
Duc A. Tran, XuanLong Nguyen, Thinh Nguyen
A vast majority of localization techniques proposed for sensor networks are based on triangulation methods in Euclidean geometry. They utilize the... Sample PDF
Machine Learning Based Localization
Chapter 13
Moshe Laifenfeld, Ari Trachtenberg, David Starobinski
Various real-life environments are exceptionally harsh for signal propagation, rendering well-known trilateration techniques (e.g. GPS) unsuitable... Sample PDF
Robust Localization Using Identifying Codes
Chapter 14
Michael Allen, Sebnem Baydere, Elena Gaura, Gurhan Kucuk
This chapter introduces a methodological approach to the evaluation of localization algorithms. The chapter contains a discussion of evaluation... Sample PDF
Evaluation of Localization Algorithms
Chapter 15
Michael L. McGuire, Konstantinos N. Plataniotis
Node localization is an important issue for wireless sensor networks to provide context for collected sensory data. Sensor network designers need to... Sample PDF
Accuracy Bounds for Wireless Localization Methods
Chapter 16
Junaid Ansari, Janne Riihijärvi, Petri Mähönen
The authors discuss algorithms and solutions for signal processing and filtering for localization and tracking applications in Wireless Sensor... Sample PDF
Experiences in Data Processing and Bayesian Filtering Applied to Localization and Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks
Chapter 17
Mohamed EL-Darieby, Hazem Ahmed, Mahmoud Halfawy, Ahmed Amer, Baher Abdulhai
Large urban areas in North America as well as many other parts of the world are experiencing unprecedented and soaring congestion problems. It is... Sample PDF
A Wireless Mesh Network Platform for Vehicle Positioning and Location Tracking
Chapter 18
Thomas Watteyne, Mischa Dohler, Isabelle Augé-Blum, Dominique Barthel
This chapter deals with self-organization and communication for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). It shows that nodes do not always need to know... Sample PDF
Beyond Localization: Communicating Using Virtual Coordinates
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