|Total results: 279||
|Small and Medium Enterprises: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Information Resources Management Association.
Small and medium enterprises outnumber major corporations by a large margin, and will continue to play an essential role in the innovation and competition of economies around the world.Small and Medium Enterprises: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications provides a comprehensive collection of...
Framework Entrepreneurship Process
José Adriano Gomes Pires, Francisco José García Peñalvo, Jorge Humberto Marinho Sampaio, Rosa María Martínez Vázquez.
The thematic of entrepreneurship has assumed a great importance in recent times and is regarded by the governments of all countries as a lever for economic and social development of nations. Entrepreneurship is generally recognized by the process that leads to the creation of companies, and...
Theoretical Foundations for Information Systems Success in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Jan Devos, Hendrik Van Landeghem, Dirk Deschoolmeester.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) adopt Information Technology (IT) and Information Systems (IS) in order to achieve business goals and obtain net benefits. However, adopting IT/IS into an existing organizational structure is a complex and risky task. Many investments in IT/IS, outsourced as...
SMEs, Institutions, and Performance
Camilla Jensen, Low Mei Peng.
This chapter addresses at the outset the topic of SMEs and economic development from an institutions perspective. The authors argue that the transaction cost theory is not helpful towards understanding the role that institutions play for SME performance for several reasons. Instead, they argue for...
Creativity in Action: Creative Multimedia SMEs in Manchester
This chapter explores the concept of communities of practice (CoP), with reference to ethnographic data from a range of creative multi-media SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises) in Manchester in the UK. The central argument is that many of these communities are profoundly mediated by the interplay...
SMEs and E-Business: Implementation, Strategies and Policy
Mário Pedro Leite de Almeida Ferreira.
The adoption of E-Business by SMEs is a critical issue for economic development. More than 90% of world companies are SMEs and E-Business is widely recognized as a critical source of competitive advantage. Thus, it is important to understand why SMEs are lagging behind large firms in terms of...
E-Procurement Process: Negotiation and Auction Approaches for SMEs
Paolo Renna, Pierluigi Argoneto.
E-procurement transactions in Business to Business (B2B) environment showed a constant and positive trend in the last years. The most popular methodologies to support these tools are all related to dedicated protocols able to facilitate the agreements among customers and suppliers. This chapter...
SME as a Service
José Carlos Martins Delgado.
The market evolves at an increasingly faster pace. Enterprises, and in particular SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises), besides having to stay agile, competitive and aware of competition, must give customers what they need (customized products or services) when they need it. The classical business...
Open Innovation in SMEs: From Closed Peripheries to Networked Paradigm
Successful innovation is a key to business growth. In the realm of technological development, innovation processes have been transformed into various forms, like open innovation, crowdsourcing innovation, or collaborative innovation. This research would like to focus on open innovation processes to...
Research and Practices on Open Innovation: Perspectives on SMEs
Hakikur Rahman, Isabel Ramos.
Innovation has become a recognized driver of economic prosperity of a country through sustained growth of its entrepreneurships. Moreover, recently coined term open innovation is increasingly taking a lead in enterprise management in terms of sustained profitability. Foci of researchers and...
An Agent-Based Operational Virtual Enterprise Framework enabled by RFID
H. Özgür Ünver, Bahram Lotfi Sadigh.
The Virtual Enterprise (VE) is a collaboration model between multiple business partners in a value chain that aims to cope with turbulent business environments, mainly characterized by demand unpredictability, shortening product lifecycles, and intense cost pressures. The VE model is particularly...
Theoretical Model for a Local Economy Open Innovation Program: A User Organization
This chapter presents a model of open innovation as a collaborative effort of firms, mostly SMEs that are managed under a government support with the assistive involvement of academia. While normally industry-academia cooperation is R&D focused, the model presented is a model of open innovation not...
Open Innovation Strategies in SMEs: Development of a Business Model
Hakikur Rahman, Isabel Ramos.
Open innovation in entrepreneurships already finds its acceptance at all levels of the business industry for adding value to the business. The value could be in the form of economic gain or enhancement of knowledge leading to a sustained financial base. Open innovation adopts various strategies to...
Championing SME eCollaboration
Michael Jones, Lois Burgess.
Collaboration and eCollaboration are arguable necessities for firms in today’s economic age. Gone are the times when a firm could stand alone in the market warding off the competitive pressures of rival firms. Today, just the competitive forces of globalization alone are significant drivers to enable...
Intermediary Design for Collaborative Ontology-Based Innovation Monitoring
Jan Zibuschka, Uwe Laufs, Wolf Engelbach.
This chapter presents the architecture of an intermediary platform for networked open innovation management, as well as a surrounding sustainable business ecosystem. The instantiation presented here is tailored towards SMEs, both as stakeholders in the platform and as contributors in the modular...
Adopting ICT in the Mompreneurs Business: A Strategy for Growth?
It is advocated that the role of technology is instrumental in determining the effectiveness and efficiency of where, when and how business transactions are undertaken to meet stakeholder requirements in a competitive manner. However, research by the Small Business Forum (2006) suggest the use and...
Semantic Web Applications to Enhance the Market Opportunities of SMEs: The Case of NeP4B
Valentina Morandi, Francesca Sgobbi.
This chapter contributes to the debate on Semantic Web applications as business-enablers by focusing the perspective of smaller business users. A case study investigates the benefits and the challenges of adopting an inter-organisational Information System based on Semantic Web identified by the...
Risk-Off Method: Improving Data Quality Generated by Chemical Risk Analysis of Milk
Walter Coelho Pereira de Magalhães Junior, Marcelo Bonnet, Leandro Diamantino Feijó, Marilde Terezinha Prado Santos.
Here the Risk-Off Method is presented as a contribution to improve the quality of data and information using milk chemical safety as a model, as overseen by the National Plan for Control of Residues and Contaminants (PNCRC) of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA). In...
ISMS Building for SMEs through the Reuse of Knowledge
Luís Enrique Sánchez, Antonio Santos-Olmo, Eduardo Fernandez-Medina, Mario Piattini.
The information society is increasingly more dependent upon Information Security Management Systems (ISMSs), and the availability of these systems has become crucial to the evolution of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs). However, this type of companies requires ISMSs which have been adapted to...
Model Suggestion for SMEs Economic and Environmental Sustainable Development
Hatice Calipinar, Dilber Ulas.
In recent years, environmental considerations have become increasingly social concerns. There is a growing interest in SMEs that want to green their businesses, but real action is slow because there is usually a lack of knowledge and resources to do so. This chapter considers how SMEs can adopt and...
Assessing Knowledge Assets in Renewable Energy SMEs in Scotland: A Methodological Framework
Antonio Lerro, Giovanni Schiuma, Robert Huggins, Daniel Prokop, Maria Weir.
This chapter develops a research protocol to identify a domain of organizational knowledge resources and assets within firms and provides the final main insights of a research project managed by the Intellectual Assets Center in Scotland in order to support the adoption of knowledge asset management...