|Total results: 346||
|Robotics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Information Resources Management Association.
As mechanical and cybernetic technologies gain prominence and usability, robots have become ever more present in our everyday lives, with applications in education, transportation, and the workforce.
Robotics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores some of the most recent...
History of Service Robots
The short history of service robots with its precursors is given. Next, the definition of service robot is discussed and some statistical data is given. The described history of service robots covers the ancient period with robot precursors, the middle ages, and the period of industrial revolution. The...
Task Coordination for Service Robots Based on Multiple Markov Decision Processes
Elva Corona, L. Enrique Sucar.
Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) provide a principled framework for planing under uncertainty. However, in general they assume a single action per decision epoch. In service robot applications, multiple tasks are required simultaneously, such as navigation, localization and interaction. We have...
From Object Recognition to Object Localization
Rigas Kouskouridas, Antonios Gasteratos.
Recognizing objects in a scene is a fundamental task in image understanding. The recent advances in robotics and related technologies have placed more challenges and stricter requirements to this issue. In such applications, robots must be equipped with a sense of location and direction with a view to...
3D Scene Capture and Analysis for Intelligent Robotics
The capability of robots to function effectively in the unstructured real world is dominated by the extent to which supporting sensory and computational resources can capture and analyse the 3D working environments within which they are to carry out their tasks. Many device technologies and...
Support Vector Machine Based Mobile Robot Motion Control and Obstacle Avoidance
Lihua Jiang, Mingcong Deng.
Considering the noise effect during the navigation of a two wheeled mobile robot, SVM and LS-SVM based control schemes are discussed under the measured information with uncertainty, and in the different environments. The noise effect is defined as uncertainty in the measured data. One of them focuses...
Applications of DEC-MDPs in Multi-Robot Systems
Aurélie Beynier, Abdel-Illah Mouaddib.
Optimizing the operation of cooperative multi-robot systems that can cooperatively act in large and complex environments has become an important focal area of research. This issue is motivated by many applications involving a set of cooperative robots that have to decide in a decentralized way how to...
The Inevitability of Library Automation
Library automation is considered in terms of technological directionality citing sources from various disciplines including the work of various theorists in the field. A brief history of library automation is followed by a look at library organizational structure and how it might be affected by...
Educational Robotics Theories and Practice: Tips for how to do it Right
Educational robotics is a growing field with “the potential to significantly impact the nature of engineering and science education at all levels, from K-12 to graduate school” (Mataric, 2004, para. 1). It has become one of the most popular activities in K-12 settings in recent years. Educational...
Mission Planning of Mobile Robots and Manipulators for Service Applications
Elias K. Xidias, Nikos A. Aspragathos, Philip N. Azariadis.
The purpose of this chapter is to present a mission planning approach for a service robot, which is moving and manipulating objects in semi-structured and partly known indoor environments such as stores, hospitals, and libraries. The recent advances and trends in motion planning and scheduling of...
Relational Representations and Traces for Efficient Reinforcement Learning
Eduardo F. Morales, Julio H. Zaragoza.
This chapter introduces an approach for reinforcement learning based on a relational representation that: (i) can be applied over large search spaces, (ii) can incorporate domain knowledge, and (iii) can use previously learned policies on different, but similar, problems. The underlying idea is to...
Gesture Learning by Imitation Architecture for a Social Robot
J.P. Bandera, J.A. Rodríguez, L. Molina-Tanco, A. Bandera.
Learning by imitation allows people to teach social robots new tasks using natural and intuitive interaction channels. Vision is the main of these channels. This chapter describes a learning-by-imitation architecture that uses stereo vision to perceive, recognize, learn, and imitate social gestures....
A Human Affect Recognition System for Socially Interactive Robots
Derek McColl, Goldie Nejat.
This chapter presents a real-time robust affect classification methodology for socially interactive robots engaging in one-on-one human-robot-interactions (HRI). The methodology is based on identifying a person’s body language in order to determine how accessible he/she is to a robot during the...
Intelligent Stereo Vision in Autonomous Robot Traversability Estimation
Lazaros Nalpantidis, Ioannis Kostavelis, Antonios Gasteratos.
Traversability estimation is the process of assessing whether a robot is able to move across a specific area. Autonomous robots need to have such an ability to automatically detect and avoid non-traversable areas and, thus, stereo vision is commonly used towards this end constituting a reliable...
Mobile/Wireless Robot Navigation
Sensor-based localization has been found to be one of the most preliminary issues in the world of Mobile/Wireless Robotics. One can easily track a mobile robot using a Kalman Filter, which uses a Phase Locked Loop for tracing via averaging the values. Tracking has now become very easy, but one wants to...
Distributed Multi-Robot Localization
Stefano Panzieri, Federica Pascucci, Lorenzo Sciavicco, Roberto Setola.
In this chapter, the design of a completely decentralized and distributed multi-robot localization algorithm is presented. The issue is approached using an Interlaced Extended Kalman Filter (IEKF) algorithm. The proposed solution allows the dynamic correction of the position computed by any single...
How Ants Can Efficiently Solve the Generalized Watchman Route Problem
Pawel Paduch, Krzysztof Sapiecha.
This paper presents a new algorithm for solving the generalized watchman problem. It is the problem of mobile robot operators that must find the shortest route for the robot to see the whole area with many obstructions. The algorithm adapts the well-known ant algorithm to the new problem. An experiment...
Distributed Task Allocation in Swarms of Robots
Aleksandar Jevtic, Diego Andina, Mo Jamshidi.
This chapter introduces a swarm intelligence-inspired approach for target allocation in large teams of autonomous robots. For this purpose, the Distributed Bees Algorithm (DBA) was proposed and developed by the authors. The algorithm allows decentralized decision-making by the robots based on the...