|Total results: 458||
|Research Perspectives on the Role of Informatics in Health Policy and Management
Christo El Morr.
Healthcare providers require timely and accurate information about their patients. As such, a great amount of effort and resources are spent to ensure that the right information is presented to the right people at the right time.Research Perspectives on the Role of Informatics in Health Policy and...
Decision-Making and Decision Support in Acute Care
Brett W. Taylor.
Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) are information tools intended to optimize medical choice, promising better patient outcomes, faster care, reduced resource expenditure, or some combination of all three. Clinical trials of CDSS have provided only insipid evidence of benefit to date. This...
Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice and the PARIHS Framework
Patients receiving healthcare are commonly exposed to harm that is systematic and often severe. Clinical decisions based on inaccurate sources of information can lead to medical errors, high treatment costs, and poor patient outcomes. Evidence-based practice has the potential to overcome these problems...
Implementation of Case Costing with Ontario Case Costing Initiative (OCCI)
Thuy Thi Thanh Hoang.
Over the past decade there has been a tremendous spread of computerized systems in hospitals. The advancement provided an opportunity for hospitals to gain access to computerized clinical, financial, and statistical data. Case costing information is the integration of clinical, financial, and...
The Administrative Policy Quandary in Canada’s Health Service Organizations
Grace I. Paterson, Jacqueline M. MacDonald, Naomi Nonnekes Mensink.
This chapter examines the process for administrative health service policy development with respect to information sharing and decision-making as well as the relationship of policy to decision making. The challenges experienced by health service managers are identified. The administrative health policy...
Towards Healthy Public Policy: GIS and Food Systems Analysis
As an issue that affects a significant portion of the Canadian population, food security must be addressed in public health policy and research. Decision-making for food security is a complex task that needs to take into account a diverse range of issues including production, processing, distribution...
Normalizing Cross-Border Healthcare in Europe via New E-Prescription Paradigms
Alexander Berler, Ioannis Apostolakis.
The 21st century started with some significant efforts globally in the e-health sector. This was mainly pushed as a generic strategy from many nations and international organizations in order to cope with issues such as ageing population, demographic shift, social security limitations, and financial...
Home Telecare, Medical Implant, and Mobile Technology: Evolutions in Geriatric Care
Vishaya Naidoo, Yedishtra Naidoo.
With a rapidly expanding global aging population, alternatives must be developed to minimize the inevitable increase in acute and long-term care admissions to the health care system. This chapter explores the use of home telecare as an alternative medical approach to managing this growing trend, while...
How Web 2.0 Shapes Patient Knowledge Sharing: The Case of Diabetes in Italy
Chiara Libreri, Guendalina Graffigna.
Web 2.0 has totally changed the health communication world. In particular, it has reconfigured peer exchanges about health. These exchanges are important because they allow knowledge sharing and construction between patients, in particular chronic patients. Although their importance is well...
Towards a Mixed Approach to Extract Biomedical Terms from Text Corpus
Juan Antonio Lossio Ventura, Clement Jonquet, Mathieu Roche, Maguelonne Teisseire.
The objective of this paper is to present a methodology to extract and rank automatically biomedical terms from free text. The authors present new extraction methods taking into account linguistic patterns specialized for the biomedical domain, statistic term extraction measures such as C-value and...
Domain-Based Approaches to Prediction and Analysis of Protein-Protein Interactions
Morihiro Hayashida, Tatsuya Akutsu.
Protein-protein interactions play various essential roles in cellular systems. Many methods have been developed for inference of protein-protein interactions from protein sequence data. In this paper, the authors focus on methods based on domain-domain interactions, where a domain is defined as a...
Biological and Medical Big Data Mining
This paper discusses the concept of big data mining in the domain of biology and medicine. Biological and medical data are increasing at very rapid rates, which in many cases outpace even Moore's law. This is the result of recent technological development, as well as the exploratory attitude of human...
Methods, Models, and Computation for Medical Informatics
Regular developments in technology continue to influence the medical and healthcare fields as they interact with information and computer sciences by methods of acquisition and the storage and retrieval of information.Methods, Models, and Computation for Medical Informatics is a comprehensive...
Bioinformatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Information Resources Management Association.
As a result of experimental techniques, the combination of biology and computer science was initiated to classify and process an expanding number of biological observations.
Bioinformatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications highlights the area of bioinformatics and its impact over the...
Subspace Discovery for Disease Management: A Case Study in Metabolic Syndrome
Josephine Namayanja, Vandana P. Janeja.
This paper identifies key subspaces for better disease management. Disease affects individuals differently based on features such as age, race, and gender. The authors use data mining methods to discover which key factors of a disease are more relevant for particular strata of the population using bin...