|Total results: 52||
|Structuring Music through Markup Language: Designs and Architectures
Although there have been two main perspectives on the nature of music through systematic and cultural musicology, music informatics has emerged as an interdisciplinary research area which provides a different idea on the nature of music through computer technologies.Structuring Music through Markup...
The Information Architecture of Music
Information architecture is about information structures and their relations within the information space, and in this chapter the music information space. To determine what the structures and relationships are, an ontological investigation is launched. Ontology in Information Systems has a specific...
The Physics of Music
This chapter discusses the central physical phenomena involved in music. The aim is to provide an explanation of the related issues in an understandable level, without delving unnecessarily deep in the underlying mathematics. The chapter is divided in two main sections: musical sound sources and sound...
Expressing Musical Features, Class Labels, Ontologies, and Metadata Using ACE XML 2.0
Cory McKay, Ichiro Fujinaga.
This chapter includes a critical review of existing file formats that have been used in MIR research. This is followed by a set of design priorities that are proposed for use in developing new formats and improving existing ones. The details of the ACE XML specification are then described in this...
Towards an Encoding of Musical Interaction
Antoine Allombert, Myriam Desainte-Catherine.
While representing musical processes or musical scores through Markup Languages is now well established, the authors assume that there is still the need for a format to encode musical material with which a musician can interact. The lack of such a format is especially crucial for contemporary music...
Representing Music as Work in Progress
Gerard Roma, Perfecto Herrera.
In this chapter, the authors discuss an approach to music representation that supports collaborative composition given current practices based on digital audio. A music work is represented as a directed graph that encodes sequences and layers of sound samples. The authors discuss graph grammars as a...
Structuring Music-Related Movements
Alexander Refsum Jensenius.
The chapter starts by discussing the importance of body movement in both music performance and perception, and argues that for future research in the field it is important to develop solutions for being able to stream and store music-related movement data alongside other types of musical information....
Expressiveness in Music Performance: Analysis, Models, Mapping, Encoding
Sergio Canazza, Giovanni De Poli, Antonio Rodà, Alvise Vidolin.
During the last decade, in the fields of both systematic musicology and cultural musicology, a lot of research effort (using methods borrowed from music informatics, psychology, and neurosciences) has been spent to connect two worlds that seemed to be very distant or even antithetic: machines and...
MusicXML: The First Decade
Michael D. Good.
MusicXML is a universal interchange and distribution format for common Western music notation. MusicXML’s design and development began in 2000, with the purpose to be the MP3 equivalent for digital sheet music. MusicXML was developed by Recordare and can represent music from the 17th century onwards...
Universal Information Architecture of Acoustic Music Instruments
The properties of a wide range of musical instruments have been considered, ranging from ancient acoustic instruments to modern ones, as well as including the instruments of many music cultures. Following on a logical analysis and synthesis of previous research rather than acoustic lab results, a...
Intelligent Music Information Systems: Tools and Methodologies
Jialie Shen, John Shepherd, Bin Cui, Ling Liu.
Modern technology and the development of user-centric applications have grown to encompass many of our everyday routines and interests. Such advances in music data management and information retrieval techniques have crossed the boundaries of expertise from researchers to developers to professionals in...
Interactive Multimedia Music Technologies
Kia Ng, Paolo Nesi.
Many multimedia music content owners and distributors are converting their archives of music scores from paper into digital images, and to machine readable symbolic notation in order to survive in the business world. Interactive Multimedia Music Technologies discusses relevant state-of-the-art...
Content-Based Indexing of Symbolic Music Documents
Indexing is the core component of most information retrieval systems, because it allows for a compact representation of the content of a collection of documents, aimed at efficient and scalable access and retrieval. Indexing techniques can be extended also to music, providing that significant...
MARSYAS-0.2: A Case Study in Implementing Music Information Retrieval Systems
Marsyas, is an open source audio processing framework with specific emphasis on building Music Information Retrieval systems. It has been been under development since 1998 and has been used for a variety of projects in both academia and industry. In this chapter, the software architecture of Marsyas...
Melodic Query Input for Music Information Retrieval Systems
Richard L. Kline.
This chapter discusses key issues of building and using a system designed to search and query a music collection through the input of the actual or perceived melody of a song. It presents a detailed survey and discussion of studies, algorithms, and systems created to approach this problem, including...
An Expert System Devoted to Automated Music Identification and Recognition
María Ángeles Fernández de Sevilla, Luis M. Laita, Eugenio Roanes-Lozano.
This chapter describes a logic and computer algebra based Expert System that automates identification and recognition of the cult music styles of the period XVII century - beginnings of the XX century. It uses a table that contains a list of characteristics (identifiers) of the music styles of the...
Identifying Saxophonists from Their Playing Styles
We describe a novel approach to the task of identifying performers from their playing styles. We investigate how professional Jazz saxophonists express and communicate their view of the musical and emotional content of musical pieces and how to use this information in order to automatically identify...
Tools for Music Information Retrieval and Playing
State-of-the-art MIR issues are presented and discussed both from the symbolic and audio points of view. As for the symbolic aspects, different approaches are presented in order to provide an overview of the different available solutions for particular MIR tasks. This section ends with an overview of...
A P2P Based Secure Digital Music Distribution Channel: The Next Generation
This chapter presents a model enabling content providers to successfully sell digital music. We show that content providers must overcome three main hurdles to successfully sell digital music. The first is to establish an efficient and economically viable distribution channel. Second, they need to...
Music Information Retrieval in P2P Networks
In this chapter we present the most significant trends in recent research in the field of content-based music information retrieval in peer-to-peer networks. Despite the diminished attention the area has received in general terms, the relatively close area of metadata MIR in P2P is by far new. As...
DART: A Framework for Distributed Audio Analysis and Music Information Retrieval
Eddie Al-Shakarchi, Ian Taylor.
This chapter introduces the DART (Distributed Audio Retrieval using Triana) project as a framework for facilitating the distributed processing and analysis of audio and Music Information Retrieval. The chapter begins by discussing the background and history of Grid and P2P technologies, the Triana...
Motivic Pattern Extraction in Symbolic Domain
This chapter offers an overview of computational research in motivic pattern extraction. The central questions underlying the topic, concerning the formalization of the motivic structures, the matching strategies and the filtering of the results, have been addressed in various ways. A detailed analysis...
Pen-Based Interaction for Intuitive Music Composition and Editing
Sébastien Macé, Eric Anquetil, Bruno Bossis.
This chapter deals with pen interaction and its use for musical notation composition and editing. The authors first present existing pen-based musical notation editors and argue that they are dedicated to classical musical notations and are often constraining for the user. They then focus on their...