|Total results: 23||
|Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors
Tom Francke, Vladimir Peskov.
Study of nature and the world around us has been a primary motivation for scientists and researchers for centuries. Advanced methods in the study of elementary particles have led to even greater discoveries in recent years.
Innovative Applications and Developments of Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detectors...
Security and Trends in Wireless Identification and Sensing Platform Tags: Advancements in RFID
Pedro Peris Lopez, Julio C. Hernandez-Castro, Tieyan Li.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology may become one of the most pervasive technologies of the near future. Yet the widespread adoption of this new technology presents security risks that have not been sufficiently addressed. Security and Trends in Wireless Identification and Sensing...
Movement-Aware Applications for Sustainable Mobility: Technologies and Approaches
The ability to communicate with anyone at anytime, anywhere, necessitates a need to provide reliable, resilient, and sustainable applications to support the evolving uses of mobile technologies. Movement-Aware Applications for Sustainable Mobility: Technologies and Approaches focuses on the use of...
Data Collection on Personal Movement using Mobile ICTs: Old Wine in New Bottles?
Martin Lee-Gosselin, Sean T. Doherty, Amer Shalaby.
This chapter examines the current status of data collection methods employing location/time-aware devices to observe evolving patterns of spatio-temporal behaviour, including patterns that are affected by ICTs. Drawing mostly on transport research, it is suggested that two streams of development have...
Challenges of Sensor Discovery
This chapter addresses the challenges of sensor discovery on the background of the Sensor Web Enablement architecture of the Open Geospatial Consortium. In the first part of the chapter two kinds of sensor discovery are introduced: sensor instance discovery and sensor service discovery. After this...
Ubiquitous Travel Environments and Travel Control Strategies: Prospects and Challenges
Caspar Chorus, Harry Timmermans.
In the near future, ubiquitous travel environments in which travelers have direct access to information and communication technology will become widely available. In principle, it will allow various organizations and companies not only to provide real-time dynamic information but also to induce...
Developing an Interactions Ontology for Characterising Pedestrian Movement Behaviour
Daniel Orellana, Chiara Renso.
Since the introduction of Time Geography, the literature has witness a growing interest in representing and understanding human movement and its relationship with the environment. Although recent technology in personal tracking devices brought new potentialities in collecting and representing...
GUESS: On the Prediction of Mobile Users’ Movement in Space
Maribel Yasmina Santos, Adriano Moreira.
The increasing availability of mobile networks and devices motivate the development of new paradigms of interaction between users, and between a user and the surrounding environment. When the position of a user is known, location-aware applications can adapt their behaviour accordingly to that...
Revealing Taxi Driver's Mobility Intelligence through His Trace
Liang Liu, Clio Andris, Assaf Biderman, Carlo Ratti.
This study develops a methodology for the analysis of taxi drivers’ operation behavior in a real urban environment. The research objective is to spatially and temporally quantify, visualize, and examine taxi drivers’ operational behavior and skill (as measured by income), which the authors call...
Archiving Nature's Heartbeat Using Smartphones
Jinglan Zhang, Paul Roe, Binh Pham, Richard Mason, Michael Towsey, Jiro Sumitomo.
The impact of urban development and climate change has created the impetus to monitor changes in the environment, particularly, the behaviour, habitat and movement of fauna species. The aim of this chapter is to present the design and development of a sensor network based on Smartphones to...
Law and Technology: Anonymity and Right to Anonymity in a Connected World
Giusella Finocchiaro, Claire Vishik.
In this chapter the authors analyze the concept and definitions of anonymity in the modern connected world. In particular, they explore if modern technology renders complete anonymity impossible and if a new definition of anonymity needs to be adopted. They examine examples of anonymous use of...
Attribute Hierarchies to Tally Fish
This chapter presents a model that addresses some shortcomings associated with limitations in the way that electronic identities are used in an application environment. This model, Snowflake, allows the exchange of validation data in order to establish trust when identity attributes are used in...
Video-Based Motion Capture for Measuring Human Movement
Chee Kwang Quah, Michael Koh, Alex Ong, Hock Soon Seah, Andre Gagalowicz.
Through the advancement of electronics technologies, human motion analysis applications span many domains. Existing commercially available magnetic, mechanical and optical systems for motion capture and analyses are far from being able to operate in natural scenarios and environments. The current...
Navigating a Speckled World: Interacting with Wireless Sensor Networks
Matthew Leach, David Benyon.
The Speckled Computing project is a large multisite research project based in Scotland, UK. The aim of the project is to investigate, prototype, and produce tiny (1mm3) computational devices, called Specks, that can be configured into wireless sensor networks, called SpeckNets. Our particular interest...
Modelling Pedestrian Movement to Measure On-Street Crime Risk
Spencer Chainey, Jake Desyllas.
This chapter presents results for the first large-scale analysis of street crime rates that utilizes accurate on-street pedestrian population estimates. Pedestrian counts were generated at the street segment level for an area in central London (UK) using a modeling process that utilized key indicators...
A Framework for Data Warehousing and Mining in Sensor Stream Application Domains
The recent advances in sensor technologies have made these small, tiny devices much cheaper and convenient to use in many different applications, for example, the weather and environmental monitoring applications, the hospital and factory operation sites, sensor devices on the traffic road and moving...