|Total results: 433||
|Innovations in Organizational IT Specification and Standards Development
The acceleration of the Internet and the growing importance of ICT in the globalized markets have played a vital role in the progressively difficult standardization of ICT companies. With the related economic importance of standards, companies and organizations are bringing their own ideas and...
IT Policy and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Information Resources Management Association.
IT policies are set in place to streamline the preparation and development of information communication technologies in a particular setting.IT Policy and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive collection of research on the features of modern organizations in order...
Assessing the Link between Standards and Patents
Anne Layne-Farrar, A. Jorge Padilla.
Some policymakers, courts, and academics have expressed concerns that when a firm’s patents are incorporated into a standard, the patents gain importance and can bestow on the patent holder market power that can be abused when the standard is commercialized. This paper extends the existing literature...
Interpreting and Enforcing the Voluntary FRAND Commitment
Roger G. Brooks, Damien Geradin.
Although often debated as though it were public law, a FRAND undertaking is a private contract between a patent-holder and an SSO. Applying ordinary principles of contract interpretation to the case of ETSI IPR policy reveals that “interpretations” of FRAND advocated by some authors—including...
Implementing Standardization Education at the National Level
Henk J. de Vries.
This paper explores how standardization education can be implemented at the national level. Previous studies form the main source for the paper. This research shows that implementation of standardization in the national education system requires policy at the national level, a long term investment in...
The Role of Standards in Engineering Education
The role of standards is increasing, and as a result the role of education about standards should also increase. At the same time, there are a set of requirements—accreditation criteria—toward engineering programs. The close relationships between the accreditation criteria and standards education is...
Community-Driven Specifications: XCRI, SWORD, and LEAP2A
This paper explores the issues and opportunities for specifications that develop outside of the traditional governance processes of industry consortia or formal standards organisations through a discussion and comparison of three specifications developed in the education sector: XCRI (eXchanging...
Concepts and Standardization in Areas Relating to Competence
Simon Grant, Rowin Young.
This paper reviews terminology, motivation, history and current work in areas relating to skill or competence. Many useful services, clarifying pathways within and from education to employment, self-assessment, and selection would be facilitated by better standardization of the format in which related...
Application Profiles and Tailor-Made Conformance Test Systems
Ingo Dahn, Sascha Zimmermann.
This article examines the potential of application profiles and domain profiles as means to adapt technical specifications of data structures to particular needs. The authors argue that application profiling is better suited to increase the use of formal specifications than the creation of new...
A Data Model for Describing and Exchanging Personal Achieved Learning Outcomes (PALO)
Jad Najjar, Michael Dernt, Tomaž Klobucar, Bernd Simon, Michael Totschnig, Simon Grant, Jan M. Pawlowski.
Employers seek people that match particular qualifications and graduates seek jobs that match their qualifications. This market is currently managed primarily using paper certificates and heterogeneous university management systems that capture achieved learning outcomes as well as corporate...
Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are a vital component of successful business models. As new technologies emerge, organizations must adapt quickly and strategically to these changes or risk falling behind.Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology examines methods...
Introduction to Continuous Authentication
Issa Traoré, Ahmed Awad E. Ahmed.
Continuous Authentication (CA) systems represent a new generation of security mechanisms that continuously monitor user behavior and use this as basis to re-authenticate periodically throughout a login session. CA has been around for about a decade. As a result a limited amount of research work has...
Password Sharing and How to Reduce It
Ana Ferreira, Ricardo Correia, David Chadwick, Henrique M.D. Santos, Rui Gomes, Diogo Reis, Luis Antunes.
Password sharing is a common security problem. Some application domains are more exposed than others and, by dealing with very sensitive information, the healthcare domain is definitely not exempt from this problem. This chapter presents a case study of a cross section of how healthcare professionals...
Convergence of Fixed and Mobile Networks
Gábor Kovács, Gábor Árpád Németh, Zoltán Pap.
This chapter gives overview of one of a recent trend in telecommunication convergence: fixed-mobile convergence (FMC). Its types, implications, and main challenges are identified and analyzed with special respect to the protocols employed. The future integration of fixed and mobile access to next...