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|International Journal of Systems and Society (IJSS)
The International Journal of Systems and Society (IJSS) is dedicated to support and encourage the publication of high quality articles that promote the way in which systems ideas are used. Papers are encouraged from practitioners, systems researchers, and systems academics. The focus of the journal is...
Uberveillance and the Social Implications of Microchip Implants: Emerging Technologies
M.G. Michael, Katina Michael.
In addition to common forms of spatial units such as satellite imagery and street views, emerging automatic identification technologies are exploring the use of microchip implants in order to further track an individual’s personal data, identity, location, and condition in real time.
Technology versus Ecology: Human Superiority and the Ongoing Conflict with Nature
Robert A. Schultz.
Although human beings are technically part of the ecosystem, there still remains a conceptual conflict between technology and nature. These concerns highlight the idea of human superiority in which the priority is given to technology versus living in synchronization with nature.
Humans as Masters of the World
Several versions of human superiority are characterized and analyzed. None give humans the right to do whatever they want to the rest of the environment. Although humans have physical superiority, that does not give humans “dominion” over the rest of the world.
Conflicts with the Ecosystem
Although human beings are part of nature, they are seriously damaging the ecosystem, our support system. Modern technological manufacturing regularly produces harmful side effects, either toxic substances or unexpected threats to the entire ecosystem such as ozone layer destruction or global warming....
Science, Modern Technology, and Corporations
Why modern science is a superior source of truth. Modern science contains the essence of modern technology. The distinguishing feature of modern technology is that it treats everything as nothing but resource. This explains why modern technology must conflict with the ecosystem, because it does not...
Mind Body Consciousness
Humans also view themselves as not part of nature when they believe they are primarily nonphysical minds or souls or spirits, but we know that humans came to be on this planet through natural selection. Consciousness, although it is in some ways nonphysical, is still very much a part of nature. The...
Humans as Hunter-Gatherers
The development of human separation from the environment is outlined beginning with our immediate ancestor Homo erectus. This ancestor made tools complex enough to save and store, thus creating a human space distinct from the rest of nature. Homo erectus later tamed fire and built temporary shelters...
Humans as Farmers
The developments separating humans the most from the ecosystem were farming and civilization. Farming dates from about 11,000 years ago, and civilization dates from about 7,000 years ago. Farming separates us from the ecosystem by replacing the ecosystem with plants and animals of our own choice....
Farming makes civilization possible by producing a food surplus, so that a number of people are free from work connected with producing food. This separation from the environment enables civilized humans to develop a wide range of activities, pursuits, and occupations, accompanied by many technological...
More about Modern Technology
Modern technology, starting about 250 years ago, exacerbates conflicts with the ecosystem. The products and by-products of modern technology are typically either toxic or cannot be incorporated into the ecosystem. The largely petroleum-based products from about 1900 replace products more compatible...
Causes of Conflict with the Ecosystem
Potential causes of humanity’s conflict with the ecosystem are: human institutions misusing technology, technology itself, population growth, economic growth, and human attitudes. The main causes are modern technology together with attitudes of human superiority and human exceptionalism. Population...
Environmentalism and Sustainability
Sustainability is maintaining equilibrium with the ecosystem. Four accounts of sustainability are examined. Unlimited economic and population growth will create more environmental problems and thus not produce sustainability. Reducing population and dealing with climate change will help but do not deal...
The Role of Science and Technology
The role of modern technology needs to be reduced because of the ongoing threat of catastrophic environmental consequences. Regardless, some modern technology needs to be employed to monitor the ecosystem and to deal with potential celestial collisions. Other parts of modern technology that do not...
The proper behavior of humans toward animals is a middle way between human superiority, which allows humans to do whatever they please to animals, and views requiring humans not to interfere with animals at all. Since ethics is principles for social cooperation, only a restricted class of animals—work...
Regaining Our Place as a Species among Species
Civilization may not have that much long-term value for our species because it fosters fairly complete separation from the ecosystem. Ultimately, our survival rests with our being able to use our knowledge to respect the ecosystem and to live within its limits. The most distinctive characteristic of...
Eventually the human race will become extinct, like any other species. Ultimately, we should be concerned with what we can do toward our species goals within the one-to-two million-years lifespan of our species. Our individual life spans are not meaningless even though we know they will end. Therefore...
The principal ideas of the book are summarized. Two stories are told about the future of the planet, a positive story and a negative story.
How Can We Incorporate Relevant Findings from Psychology into Systems Methods?
John N. T. Martin.
A study of citation patterns shows that it is rare for Systems writers to cite findings from the cognitive sciences, though common in writers in analogous areas. This raises the possibility that there may be useful areas of modern psychology that systems practitioners are currently neglecting....
Organisational Power and the Metaphor Commodity
Organisational intervention is problematic as each inquirer has a different notion of what an organisation is and in order to make sense of it the inquirer adopts a model or concept of organisation. But models of organisation are unsatisfactory as they assume a certain level of predictability, but...
The Meaning of System: Towards a Complexity Orientation in Systems Thinking
This article reviews the generic meaning of ‘system’ and complements more conventional system notions with a system perception based on recent complexity theory. With system as the core concept of systems theory, its actual meaning is not just of theoretical interest but is highly relevant also for...
Considering Complexity in Simple Solutions: What’s So Complicated About Skype?
Video-based communications technologies are not new. However, with increasing drivers for efficiency and cost-effectiveness in higher education, the use of this technology is being explored for what have traditionally been face-to-face activities. This article conceptualises the intricacies of...
Introduction: On the “Birth” of Uberveillance
M. G. Michael.
When or how uberveillance will be implemented in its full-blown manifestation is still a subject for some intriguing discussion and a topic of robust disagreement, but what is generally accepted by most of the interlocutors is that an “uberveillance society” will emerge sooner rather than later, and...
Technological Advancements and the Impact of Actor-Network Theory
Actor-Network Theory (ANT) has existed as a topic of interest among social theorists for decades. Due to the prevalence of technology in modern society, discussions over the influence of actor-network theory on the changing scope of technology can assist in facilitating further research and scientific...