|Total results: 23||
|Computer-Mediated Briefing for Architects
With the growing significance of the end-user in architecture, the subject of briefing is a re-emerging one in architectural education. Various types of computer programs and database management systems have aided in the organization and utilization of brief information as a framework for designing and...
Briefing and Computerization
Briefing and the design brief seldom attract attention in architectural computerization. Nevertheless, the computer offers us substantial opportunities for the explicit, effective, and efficient treatment of information in both briefing and designing. The chapter introduces the approach underlying the...
The Brief as Information System
In this chapter, the author focuses on how a brief can be stored and processed with a database management system. This is an important step in brief computerization that precedes designing and connection to CAD or BIM programs. The chapter starts with a general explanation of what a database is and...
As with briefs, one can also make databases that collect and organize information on designs – one’s own, precedents one studies, or types one explores. In addition to the general benefits for information and project management, such databases can help one with the development of a brief by providing...
Graphs: Expressing Briefs Spatially
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the mathematical foundations of graphs and explain their applicability to giving an abstract spatial expression to the brief. As one knows from different kinds of diagrams, visual displays are quite useful for recognizing relationships and summarizing complex...
In this chapter the author considers a single, formerly quite popular design technique: relationship matrices. In the framework of briefing, these matrices allow one to make explicit the strength of relationships between pairs of activities so as to identify clusters of closely linked activities or...
Brief and Design
This chapter is a general introduction to the connections between brief and design. First, the two basic forms of this connection are considered, feedforward (the transfer of brief information to design representations) and feedback (where the connection is used to evaluate brief satisfaction in the...
Feedforward refers to the transition from briefing to designing in ways that enrich the design with information from the brief (one assumes that a better-informed designer can achieve higher performance than an uninformed one). The first possibility for feedforward that is discussed is the use of the...
Comparing a brief to a design is the basis for analyses of conformance and performance which in turn lead to feedback to either the brief or, more often, the design, so that they can be improved on the basis of the insights produced by the comparison. In this chapter the same approach and mechanisms as...
Constraints and parameterization are powerful design mechanisms but often poorly understood. The chapter starts with a succinct explanation of what they are and what they do in a design context. Then it moves on to the constraint-related facilities available in CAD (AutoCAD) and BIM software (Revit and...
Analysis and Simulation
In the previous three chapters the author has considered direct connections between the brief and the design representation, between discrete items in the brief, such as requirements or constraints, and attributes of entities or relationships between entities in the design. Such connections cover the...
The Future of Computer-Mediated Briefing
The brief is often considered an outdated document that limits design creativity and freedom. However, in the framework of comprehensive computerization, the brief as an information system becomes an integral part of architectural decision taking. This agrees not only with possible emerging...
Implementing IT Business Strategy in the Construction Industry
Goh Bee Hua.
Technology development has provided fundamental benefits of speed, precision, and convenience to common business strategies; providing not only a means for functional integration, but also an opportunity to enhance competitive capability of a business firm.Implementing IT Business Strategy in the...
Strategic Planning and Strategy
This chapter provides an understanding of why strategies are important to businesses. It begins with defining strategy, what it was before and what it is now, and the steps that it consists of that can be taken to realize that future desired state for the business. The direct relationship between...
This chapter defines what competitive advantage means to a company and describes the traditional types of competitive advantage that a company may possess. For cost advantage, the major drivers of cost are explained to provide an understanding of how they, either individually or in combination, cause...
The Construction Industry and Standardization of Information
This chapter describes the traditional practices of the construction industry by looking at the nature of the industry in terms of its product, process, and participants. Owing to the nature of construction, issues relating to challenges and barriers to learning and managing information and knowledge...
Change through Innovation and Customer-Orientation
This chapter begins by explaining the nature of innovation and basic models of innovation, including key stages in the process of innovation. As the construction industry is often regarded as different from other industries given its unique characteristics, innovation in construction is discussed in...
The chapter reviews the definitions of knowledge and distinguishes it from data and information. Different perspectives of knowledge and their implications for knowledge management are also discussed. From this, the concepts of knowledge management are explained, first, in generic terms, second, as a...
Business Process Re-Engineering
The chapter defines business Process Re-Engineering (BPR) from a few perspectives to make clear what it is, what it is not, and what it should be. Essentially, the classic definitions provided by Hammer and Champy, as well as Davenport, are used. The common themes encountered in re-engineered business...
Current and Emerging IT Tools and Applications
This chapter begins by rationalizing the need for the construction industry to embrace new technologies for information management and documentation. The perspectives are taken from within an organization and a project whereby stakeholders from different organizations are involved. The aim of better...
Concepts of Strategic Alignment of IT and Business
This chapter begins by explaining the purpose of strategic information systems planning, which is followed by describing three commonly adopted methodologies. They are known as “business systems planning,” “strategic systems planning,” and “information engineering.” In addition, the six broad process...
The State of Business and IT Alignment in the Singapore Construction Industry
This chapter provides the background to why there is a general lack of strategic application of IT among SMEs. It explains how the concept of strategic alignment can be applied to enhance the competitive capability of firms in the context of Porter’s generic strategies. A brief account of Singapore’s...
The Implementation of IT Business Strategy in the Construction Industry
This chapter begins by describing the common problems associated with implementing IT business strategy that are faced by companies and other organizations, resulting in business planning that is not directly aligned with IT planning and IT investments not clearly supporting business strategies. It is...