3D Music Impact on Autonomic Nervous System Response and Its Potential Mechanism

3D Music Impact on Autonomic Nervous System Response and Its Potential Mechanism

Yi Qin (Shanghai Conservatory of Music, China), Huayu Zhang (Shanghai Artsbang Culture Communication Co., Ltd, China), Yuni Wang (Shanghai Artsbang Culture Communication Co., Ltd, China), Mei Mao (Shanghai Conservatory of Music, China) and Fuguo Chen (Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/IJMDEM.2021010101
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Abstract

This paper is made to observe the impact of 3D (three-dimensional) and 2D (two-dimensional) music on autonomic nervous system and to explore the mechanism of the music. This study changes and retains some musical elements of the four music, and 73 healthy participants listened to four music tracks with headphones: 3D slow music, 2D slow music, 3D fast music, and 2D fast music. The results show that galvanic skin response (GSR) data decreased in all participants after listening to 3D music. Among them, the first and third 3D music, which bears obvious characteristics of sound spatial movements, high melody definition, stable rhythm structure, and high timbre identification of the main melody significantly changed participants' GSR compared to the benchmark obtained before the experiment (P<0.05). It can be reasonably argued that 3D music may improve the regulation of autonomic nervous system responses, which contributes to the health of mind and body.
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Music Therapy And Virtual Reality Technology

Music Therapy

Music therapy is a systematic intervention process in which the therapist uses various forms of musical experience, as well as the therapeutic relationship developed during the treatment process, to help the participant achieve a healthy goal. The music therapy process must include three factors: music, the participant being treated, and a specially trained music therapist (Gao, 2008). Music has long been used as an alternative method of treatment to relieve patients from anxiety symptoms (Bringman & Giesecke, 2009; Trappe, 2010). The positive role of music as a therapeutic modality for the treatment of preoperative anxiety has been well documented (Maureen & Bonnie, 1997; Karen & Lawrence, 2010). Moreover, meditation music as well as classical music may decrease stress levels and improve quality of life (Hall & Schmidt, 1999; Janet & Burke, 2007).

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