A Contingency Approach to Knowledge Management: Finding the Best Fit

A Contingency Approach to Knowledge Management: Finding the Best Fit

Meliha Handzic (International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina), Kursad Ozlen (Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey) and Nermina Durmic (International Burch University, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJKM.2016010103


A contingency perspective of knowledge management recognises the need for a fit between knowledge management solutions (KMS) and decision making contexts which they support. In order to determine the best fit, a field survey was carried out to investigate the impact of two different types of KMS (technical and social) on decision makers' behaviour and performance in different decision contexts (simple and complex). The results provide partial support for the contingency view. As expected, the study identified social KMS as the best fit for complex contexts, based on subjects' superior performance from comparable adoption of both KMS. In contrast, the study identified that both KMS were an equally good fit for simple contexts, based on similar levels of subjects' performance, but social KMS was preferred in terms of adoption. These findings contribute to much needed empirical evidence for research and provide useful guidance for practice. However, their limitations warrant further study.
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Literature Review

This study forms a part of a larger research undertaking aimed at investigating KMS adoption and its effectiveness in individual decision making. In the current study, the focus is on two key factors: type of KMS approach and complexity of decision context and their role in decision support. The following sections provide a brief overview of these concepts.

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