A Cooperative Multi-Agent Approach-Based Clustering in Enterprise Resource Planning

A Cooperative Multi-Agent Approach-Based Clustering in Enterprise Resource Planning

Nadjib Mesbahi (Smart Laboratory, University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria), Okba Kazar (Smart Laboratory, University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria), Saber Benharzallah (Smart Laboratory, University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria) and Merouane Zoubeidi (Smart Laboratory, University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/ijkss.2015010103


With the rapid development of information technology and the gradual extension of information technology to enterprise, enterprise resource planning system has become a tool that enables uniform and consistent management of information system (IS) of the company with a large single database. In addition, knowledge discovery is a technology whose purpose is to promote information and knowledge extraction from a large database. This paper proposes a cooperative multi-agent approach based clustering in enterprise resource planning for extract unknown knowledge in the enterprise resource planning database. To achieve this, the authors call the paradigm of multi-agent system to distribute the complexity of several autonomous entities called agents, whose goal is to group records or observations on similar objects classes using the clustering technique. This will help business decision-makers to take good decisions and provide a very good response time by the use of multi-agent system. To implement the proposed architecture, it is more convenient to use the JADE platform while providing a complete set of services and agents comply with the specifications FIPA.
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2. Emerging Technologies

2.1. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

In the first, The ERP is a software package incorporating the main functions needed to manage the flows and procedures of the company (accounting and finance, logistics, payroll and human resources....etc) Benchikh & Renard (2004).

Moreover, the definition proposed by Willis-Brown seems to be the most complete, “ERP is an integrated system that allows the company to standardize its information system to link and automate its core processes. It provides employees with the information needed to direct and control the core activities of the company from the supply chain, to the product delivery to the customer. Employees enter the information just once, which is then made available to all systems of the company Chaabouniimp (2006).

In addition, one of the important characteristics of ERP is the use of what is called a WorkFlow engine which, when data is stored in the Information system, the spread in modules that have utility, according to a predefined programming Blain (2006) (see Figure 1).

Figure 1.

Organization of an ERP (Mesbahi & Kazar, 2014)

Lequeux J-L. (1998) Summarizes all the characteristics of an ERP as follows:

  • 1.

    Effective management of several domains of the company with integrated modules;

  • 2.

    Existence of a single data reference;

  • 3.

    Rapid adaptation to the rules (professional, legal or outcome of the internal organization of the company);

  • 4.

    Uniqueness of directors of the application subsystem (applications);

  • 5.

    Standardization of man-machine interfaces (same screens, same buttons, etc.);

  • 6.

    Existence of development or customization tools of additional applications.

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