A Critical Review of the Big-Data Paradigm

A Critical Review of the Big-Data Paradigm

Ruben Xing (Department of Information Management & Business Analytics, School of Business, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, USA), Jinluan Ren (School of Economics and Management, Communication University of China, Beijing, China), Jianghua Sun (School of Economics and Management, Communication University of China, Beijing, China) and Lihua Liu (School of Economics and Management, Communication University of China, Beijing, China)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJRCM.2016070104
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Abstract

The moving directions of big data are readjusted with updated concerns along with the quick boom of Internet of Things (IoT). Any serious contribution to the advance of the IoT must necessarily be the result of synergetic activities conducted in different fields of knowledge, such as telecommunications, informatics, electronics and social science. Big data was a hot topic in past years. It is not a new technology, but a huge resource generated from those fields. Some of the omitted focuses become major strategic plans for developers, and several new functions are becoming critical needs for the smart Internet movement. This paper is to address big data with the strategic changes and directions during the sensitive transitional period to be recognized for the business leaders and information technology (IT) developers.
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Methods

This is a special review of reported information with archived data (Strang, 2013), for a purpose to organize and highlight key events in IT and Internet evolutions (Walsham, 1995) which have had a profound impact on future businesses and social human activities. Instead of going through specific needs, features, and performances of concerned analysis, this research is going to approach our targets through the discussions for the following aspects:

  • 1.

    Review for the trajectories of scientific, technological development;

  • 2.

    Clarifying some misconceptions from the business and industry circles;

  • 3.

    Elaborating the connections between big data and information technology;

  • 4.

    Summarizing the important moving trends for big-data;

  • 5.

    Redefining the big-data attributes and their impacts on strategic plans.

Literature Review

To review the critical concerns of big data development, it is imperative to clarify some misconceptions and the historical process of digital evolutions.

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