A Discussion on the Relationship Between Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Entrepreneurship

A Discussion on the Relationship Between Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Entrepreneurship

Mehmet Eryılmaz (Uludağ University, Department of Business Administration, Bursa, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/IJEEI.2019010102

Abstract

Entrepreneurship has recently become one of the hot topics in several disciplines such as business administration, economy, sociology, etc. Thus, several studies in several fields focus on antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurial intentions and activities to get deeper insights about the phenomenon. Furthermore, another rising field of study is Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Thus, the main objective of the present article was to discuss possible relationships between these two crucial concepts, namely entrepreneurship and ICT.
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1. Introduction

Scholars in several fields discussed about a crucial question that whether the related field was transformed into a “scholar discipline”. Finding some examples for this type of discussion is possible in the fields of “business history” (e.g. Kurt, 2016), “organization theory” (e.g. Davis & Marquis, 2005), “strategic management” (e.g. Booth, 1998; Barney, 2002), etc. Furthermore, as in the example of “strategic human resource management” (Wright & McMahan, 1992), disciplinary status of certain integrated fields was questioned.

Fields largely accepted as a scholar discipline share certain common characteristics such as widely shared beliefs by a group of scholars on limits and fundamental questions related to the field and recommended methodologies for addressing these questions (Eryılmaz, 2016), etc. In addition to those mentioned-above, increased complexity in the theoretical and methodological infrastructure of a field may be another indicator (Phelan et al., 2002). These discussions on the fields stated above were similar in the field of entrepreneurship. As a result of some assessments, despite the doubts of certain scholars (e.g. Rauch & Frese, 2006), some studies (e.g. Vesper, 1988; Filion, 1998; George & Wadhwani, 2006; Urban, 2010) heralded that the field of entrepreneurship was institutionalized and achieved the status of “scholarly discipline.”

Information and communication technologies (ICT) is another popular subject. ICT is a prerequisite of the current era of knowledge. These technologies transform several societal dimensions such as political, social, technological, etc. dimensions (Yusuf, 2005). The impact of ICT is also inevitable on economic life. Thus, entrepreneurial intentions and activities, which are considered as one of the engines of economies by many scholars, will both affect and be affected by developments in the ICT. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine possible interactions between these two recent hot topics.

Initially, the present study will review the historical roots of entrepreneurship. Then, some factors, which are the antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurship, will be examined. In addition, brief information on ICT will be presented. In the third section, certain possible interactions between these two concepts will be discussed. Following this section, in the part of conclusion and directions for future research, the study will provide information on possible future trends in the field.

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