A Global Stability of Linearizing Control of Induction Motor for PV Water Pumping Application

A Global Stability of Linearizing Control of Induction Motor for PV Water Pumping Application

Meziane Salima (Department of Electrical Engineering, Souk Ahras University Algeria & Laboratory of Electrotechnics and Renewable Energy LEER, Souk Ahras University, Algeria), Atarsia Loubna (Oum El Bouaghi University, Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria), and Toufouti Riad (Department of Electrical Engineering, Souk Ahras University Algeria & Laboratory of Electrotechnics and Renewable Energy LEER, Souk Ahras University, Algeria)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/IJSDA.2018070102
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This article describes how a field oriented control can provide the same performance as it is achieved by a DC motor. However, this technique requires a mechanic sensor and is very sensitive to the variation of motor parameters which results in an undesirable coupling between the flux and the torque. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a global stability and robust nonlinear controller, applied to induction motor (IM), in order to achieve an exact decoupling between speed and flux for all motor operating conditions. The induction motor is coupled with a centrifugal hydraulic pump, powered by a photovoltaic array speeding system. The proposed system is designed for usage in rural areas or remote electricity needs in absence of the grid network. A nonlinear controller adjusts the motor speed reference to attain the maximum power point (MPPT). In presence of rotor and stator resistances and irradiation disturbance the results obtained by simulations confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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1. Introduction

For over fifty years, Direct Current (DC) motors have been widely used in variable speed drives applications principally due to their fast torque response, high precision of regulation and the possibility to use these motors in whichever mode of operation (Cruz & Rivas, 2000). However, DC motors with drawbacks of spark, corrosion and necessity of maintenance, have been replaced by AC induction motors (IMs) (Wai & Lin, 2005). Since its discovery, induction motor is considered as actuator privileged in the in all industries with a reported 90% utilization in electrical motor applications, since it has many advantages such as low cost, high efficiency, good self-starting, simplicity of design, absence of the collector brooms system and a small inertia (Hussein et al., 2017; Cruz & Rivas 2000; Archana et al., 2012). The invention of power electronics and advances in computing have made a radical revolution in developing control strategies for induction motors. Many control strategies have been developed and used for IM drives namely Scalar Control Technique, Direct Torque Control (DTC) and Field-Oriented Control (FOC), (Muchande et al, 2013). FOC schemes, proposed by F. Blaschke in 1972 (Blaschke, 1972), can provide at least the same performance, for an inverter-driven induction motor, as it is available for a DC motor (Wade et al., 1997), by decoupling the stator flux and electromagnetic torque. However, this technique is very sensitive to the deviation of motor parameters, particularly the rotor time-constant (Wai & Lin, 2005) and it requires a mechanic sensor to correctly determine the orientation of the rotor flux vector (Cruz & Rivas, 2000). This mechanic sensor increases the cost of the drive equipment and makes the driving system much larger and unstable (Casadei et al., 2002).

Trying to reduce the complexity of the algorithms involved in a FOC, researchers presented new techniques used for estimation of the motor speed and fluxes without a need of speed and flux sensors that can reduce the cost and having the features of precision, rejection of disturbance and fast torque response (Zhu et al., 2013). One of the most popular control methods is the feedback linearization which is based on the transformation of the nonlinear model into a linear one which makes the linear feedback control easy to be applied in respect to trajectory reference (Zhu et al.; Enev, 2007). The feedback linearization based on differential geometry control theory is used to uncouple and linearize the model, put it under canonical form and then make control using linear control techniques (Enev, 2007; Raumer et al., 1993). The advantage of the Input-Output Linearization Control (IOLC) over the FOC is the fact that by applying the linearization transformation, system stability and a complete decoupling of the torque and flux in a stator fixed reference frame is achieved, which enables the optimization of motor performances without degrading the mechanical output regularization (Raumer et al., 1993).

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