A Primitive Survey on Ultrasonic Imaging-Oriented Segmentation Techniques for Detection of Fetal Cardiac Chambers

A Primitive Survey on Ultrasonic Imaging-Oriented Segmentation Techniques for Detection of Fetal Cardiac Chambers

Punya Prabha V. (MSRIT, Bengaluru, India) and Sriraam N. (MSRIT, Bengaluru, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/IJBCE.2019070104

Abstract

Recognition of presence of fetal cardiac chambers through ultrasonic Doppler imaging poses a huge challenge for the clinical community. The four-chamber view and outflow tracts are found to be a potential identity marker for presence of all heart chambers as well as current states of fetal heart. Given the cine loop ultrasonic imaging sequences, computer-aided diagnostic tools have been developed to detect and measures the chambers through automated mode. Segmentation and region of interest identification process contribute significantly towards the presence of heart chamber and presence of abnormality. This study provides a primitive survey towards the ultrasonic imaging-oriented segmentation techniques for detection/recognition of all four fetal cardiac chambers. The challenges for the biomedical community were also reported.
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Importance Of Fetal Cardiac Chamber Detection

Congenital Heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of infant mortality and hence it is of at most importance to detect CHD and take corrective measures at the earliest S. Prabhakar Rajiah et al, 2011.

Congenital malformations may lead to malformations of cardiac structures in eight fetus out of thousand live births. This has comparatively more impact than chromosomal anomalies and neural tube defects. Furthermore, this may lead to deaths of 20% neonatal and about four out of thousand live births will have congenital malformations. Fetal echocardiography is thus to be included in every scanning procedure as fetal heart is one of the important target organ to be scanned S. YAGEL et al, 2001.

N.J. Bravo-valenzuela, et.al, 2018 have reported that complex CHD’s contributes significantly towards infant mortality. Time of diagnosis and delay of treatment leads to development disabilities with regard to CHD. The risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality can be reduced by early diagnosis of treatable CHD.

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