A Quantitative Approach to Understanding the Mind of Children with Special Needs

A Quantitative Approach to Understanding the Mind of Children with Special Needs

Arshine Kingsley (Christ University, Bangalore, India), Rhea Mariam Daniel (Christ University, Bangalore, India), Cynthia Mary Thomas (Christ University, Bangalore, India), Natarajan Sriraam (Center for Medical Electronics and Computing, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India) and G. Pradeep Kumar (Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Christ University, Bangalore, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/IJBCE.2017010104
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Abstract

This paper uses data acquired from a visit to ASHA (Academy for Severe Handicaps and Autism), a charitable trust in Bengaluru. The response of the students at ASHA to three different games was obtained for statistical analysis. They were assessed on three different parameters namely time, accuracy and difficulty. A comparison was done between the response of the children at ASHA and the response of children without special needs to the same. It was quantitatively realised that children with special needs exhibited lower levels of accuracy and alertness, apart from taking a large amount of time to complete a certain task.
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Data Acquisition

The Process of Data Acquisition

In the data acquisition phase of our research project, children with and without Autism of ages four through twenty years were assessed meticulously on different parameters based on their responses to three different games. 19 children were part of this study of which 12 subjects were from regular school settings and 07 subjects were from special school. The three key parameters which have a higher order of precedence among others are time, accuracy and difficulty. It was initially decided to test them in a computer environment. Children with special needs, that include Autism among others, exhibit a higher degree of unfamiliarity in working on a computer. Hence games that are not played on a computer were chosen for the analysis. For a fixed number of trials, readings of time, error and accuracy were recorded for each of the games. The tests were conducted in the presence of trainers at special school.

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