A Study on the Establishment of a System to Remove/Reduce Technical Barriers to Trade (TBTs) in Central and South America

A Study on the Establishment of a System to Remove/Reduce Technical Barriers to Trade (TBTs) in Central and South America

Yong-Jae Kim (Department of Business Administration, Korea Polytechnic University, Siheung, South Korea)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/JECO.2018070101

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze and investigate, to find out the appropriate way to remove/reduce TBT when exporting goods between Korea and Central & South America. The elimination strategy of TBT with aid of technical regulations or standards is beyond this article scope and only the conformity assessment shall be considered as the strategic measure of eliminating TBT. The scope of this article is in accord with the international standards corresponding to countries technical regulations and standards, every membership countries must prevent TBT-related Specific Trade Concern (STC) to WTO. This article analyzes international rules & systems with following research methodology. First, the article makes use of reviewing 2nd data analysis and focuses on a group interview, and then compares with an analysis of the international rules and systems, such as customs system, technical regulation, and standards through test & certification procedures and inspections. Second, this article reviews electric/electronic tests, certifications, and calibration. Third, through analyzing MRA between Korea and Central & South America, the article focuses on SDOC, Mutual Acceptance of International tests & certification and the IEC CB scheme. The results show that it is important to promote multi-track agreements with the countries that need a short-term promotion. Moreover, it is necessary to conclude an agreement with the leading countries in the Middle East and Central & South America. This article intends to draw a conclusion and make implication as follows. Through the reviews and analysis, the importance of promotion in FTA and MRA with the efforts to remove/reduce the obstacles and promote to make a remove/reduce TBT by MRA between Korea and Central & South America is shown.
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2. Expansion Strategy To Remove/Ease The Tbt

2.1. Definition of the TBT Concept

TBT is an abbreviation for ‘Technical Barriers to Trade’ while this stands for the various obstacles in terms of trade that hinder the free movement of goods and services as the trading partner countries adopt and apply different Technical Regulations, Standards, Certification Procedures and Inspection Systems, etc. from each other. TBT agreement requires the membership countries to follow the rules of ‘Harmonization’ and ‘Transparency’, when the countries adopt technical regulations, standards, and conformity assessment. The rule of ‘Harmonization’ refers to WTO membership countries enacting and reviewing the following technical regulations, standards, and conformity assessment procedures in line with international standards. The rule of ‘Transparency’ is to reveal their operating standards and technical regulations, etc. based on enacted or legislative purpose.

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