A Survey of IPv6 Addressing Schemes for Internet of Things

A Survey of IPv6 Addressing Schemes for Internet of Things

Gyanendra Kumar (YMCA University of Science and Technology,Faridabad, India, & YMCAUST Faridabad, RAJ Nagar, India) and Parul Tomar (YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHIoT.2018070104

Abstract

As IPv4 addresses are already exhausted before the beginning of Internet of Thing (IoT), IPv6 is widely used to assign unique identity to IoT nodes. In this article, the analysis of different components required in assigning IPv6 addresses to IoT nodes, a survey of IPv6 address assignment schemes and an examination of the different kinds of IPv6 addresses are presented. This article highlights the architectural complexity of IoT technologies, protocol stacks, limitations of IoT nodes, renumbering, multihoming, the merging of IoT network and other challenges towards assigning of IPv6 address to IoT nodes. A comprehensive survey on recent addressing schemes with classification based on allocation tables and spatial information are presented. This survey describes the address allocation mechanism, performance on different metrics, the area of applicability, and the merits and demerits of different addressing schemes. It also describes the future research options addressing IoT.
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2. Iot Terminology And Architecture

The different terminologies which form the IoT infrastructure can be presented in many ways. This section starts with the different definitions of IoT.

The RFID group defines IoT as, “The global network of interconnected things uniquely addressable depend on defined communication protocols”.

The authors of (Sundmaeker et al., 2010) defines IoT as, “Objects’ are active participants in information, social and business, processes where objects are enabled to interact and exchange information among themselves and with the environment by communicating data and information sensed about the surrounding environment, while reacting independently to the physical events and affecting it by running processes that cause actions and create services with or without human involvement…”

The authors of (Jayavardhana et al., 2012) presents user-centric definition of IoT as, “Interconnection of actuating and sensing devices as long as the ability to exchange information across different platforms through a combined framework, developing a general operating image for enabling innovative applications. This is accomplished by seamless ubiquitous sensing, information representation and data analytics with Cloud computing as the framework…”

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