A WDO Framework for Optimal Deployment of DGs and DSCs in a Radial Distribution System Under Daily Load Pattern to Improve Techno-Economic Benefits

A WDO Framework for Optimal Deployment of DGs and DSCs in a Radial Distribution System Under Daily Load Pattern to Improve Techno-Economic Benefits

Satish Kumar Injeti (Gudlavalleru Engineering College, Gudlavalleru, India) and Thunuguntla Vinod Kumar (Gudlavalleru Engineering College, Gudlavalleru, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 38
DOI: 10.4018/IJEOE.2018040101

Abstract

This article presents a methodology to determine optimal locations and sizes of DGs (Distributed Generator) and DSCs (D-STATCOM) simultaneously in a radial distribution network during a daily load pattern to improve the techno-economic benefits. An effective weighted objective function has been designed to address daily power loss minimization of the three techno-economic benefits, improvement of daily voltage profile and maximization of net annual savings due to the placement of DGs and DSCs. A repetitive backward-forward sweep based load flow has been used to calculate the daily power loss and bus voltages. To optimize the designed objective function, an efficient and simple nature-inspired wind driven optimization (WDO) algorithm has been used. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, different scenarios are considered and a detailed outcome analysis is presented.
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Introduction

The power demand is expanding everyday prompts the further addition of power demand to existing power demand which increases the power losses and voltage drop. Such measure of high power losses constrains the line limit (thermal limit), and poor voltage profile causes the voltage insecurity of the network. In this way, the concern is not only about the up gradation of technical aspects but also maintaining the bounds of power demand for the existing distribution network to maintain voltage stability. So, it is encouraged to integrate the compensation devices in the distribution network to achieve the end goal under system constraints. In this article, the DGs and DSCs have been used as compensation devices in the distribution network. DG has characterized as a local power source with constrained size associated with the distribution network. A few components have been in charge of the integration of DG in the radial distribution network. Environmental issues, for example, to lessen the green house impact, running down of fossil fuels and furthermore current situation are deregulation of electricity market that suggests the prerequisite for more adaptable electrical distribution networks. The exploration demonstrates that the arrangement of DG and DSC in distribution network will prompt the upgrade of voltage profile, lessening in power losses, the increment in the network stability level, and so forth.

Various researchers have developed many methods for the optimal integration of DG in radial distribution networks. (Injeti & Prema Kumar, 2013) An objective function for minimization of power loss is formulated and proposed simulated annealing strategy for the estimation of multiple DG sizes and for finding optimal locations for the DGs loss sensitivity indexes are used. An artificial honey bee colony technique is displayed for the optimal allocation of DGs for the diminishment of real power losses in the network by taking minimization of active power losses as a target objective (Abu-Mouti & El-Hawary, 2011). (Martín García & Gil Mena, 2013) proposed optimal allocation of DGs in distribution network utilizing modified teaching learning based optimization algorithm with a goal of minimization of real power losses. A combined genetic and particle swarm optimization was proposed for minimization of multi-objective function. In this strategy, site of DG is looked by Genetic Algorithm and its size has streamlined by Particle Swarm Optimization (Moradi & Abedini, 2012). (Sultana & Roy, 2014) Presented, a multi objective QOTLBO for assignment of DGs in distribution networks. Particle Swarm Optimization has been presented for optimal sitting of various DGs in distribution network including voltage dependent load models by aggregate weighted multi objective optimization approach (El-Zonkoly, 2011). (Mistry & Roy, 2014) Exhibited a structure for improvement of loading limit of the distribution network through optimal allocation of DGs utilizing Particle swarm optimization by taking minimization of active power losses as an objective with the effect of load growth. (Mohamed & Kowsalya, 2014). Presented BFOA based multi objective optimization approach for optimal sitting of DGs in the distribution network. In the target work adds up to the total operating cost of the system is considered as one of the objectives. (El-Fergany, 2015) Presented backtracking search algorithm based optimal allocation of DGs in the distribution network. Aggregated weight adaptive objective function is utilized to reduce the system real power losses and upgrade the voltage profile. (Sultana & Roy, 2016) Developed kill herd algorithm based optimal sitting of DGs in the radial distribution network to minimize active power losses is single goal optimization. (Chattopadhyay, Banerjee, & Chanda, 2016) presented voltage stability index based DG allocation in radial distribution system including different load models. A Pareto optimization based on improved differential search algorithm has been proposed for optimal allocation of DGs in radial distribution networks to minimize total operating cost, bus voltage deviation and real power losses as three individual objectives (Injeti, 2017). (Nguyen, Dieu, & Vasant, 2017) Presented a new approach for solving optimal placement of distributed generation problem in distribution systems for minimizing active power loss using Symbiotic Organism Search Algorithm.

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